ARCHIVED - Decision CRTC 2000-214

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Decision CRTC 2000-214
Ottawa, 30 June 2000

CKMO Radio Society
Victoria, British Columbia – 200001884

25 April 2000 Public Hearing
in Vancouver

New instructional campus radio station


The Commission approves the application to replace CKMO-FM Victoria with a new English-language instructional campus AM radio programming undertaking. As proposed, the new station will operate on the frequency 900 kHz, with an effective radiated power of 10,000 watts.


Subject to the requirements of this decision and consistent with the Campus radio policy (the Policy) set out in Public Notice CRTC 2000-12 dated 28 January 2000, the Commission will issue a licence for an instructional campus radio station, expiring 31 August 2006. The Commission will issue the licence upon surrender of the current licence issued for CKMO-FM.


In a related decision released today (Decision CRTC 2000-215), the Commission has approved an application by Rogers Broadcasting Limited (Rogers) to replace AM station CJVI Victoria with a new English-language FM station. It will make use of FM frequency 103.1 MHz, currently assigned to CKMO-FM.


The primary role of instructional stations is to provide a training ground for students in broadcasting courses. The Commission expects these stations to provide their audiences with alternative programming, namely music, especially Canadian music, not generally heard on other stations (including special interest music, as well as styles of popular music seldom broadcast), in-depth spoken word programming, and some formal educational programming.


The new AM station will continue to provide opportunities for students of Camosun College's Applied Communications Program to gain work experience in radio broadcasting. Most of the on-air staff will be students of the program. Students, staff or alumni will produce all the programs created by volunteers. The Society stated that this arrangement will provide training for the volunteers and reinforce the learning process for the students.


The applicant affirmed that the station will offer programming that is not available elsewhere in Victoria. The station will devote a significant portion of its broadcast week to in-depth formal spoken word educational programming. It will broadcast a variety of instructional programming in subjects such as English Literature, French, Geography and Psychology. In the area of music, the station will air alternative genres, including folk and worldbeat. Once the licensee finds appropriate hosts, the station will also offer jazz, blues and classical music. The station will broadcast very little popular (category 2) music.


In Public Notice CRTC 2000-44 dated 21 March 2000, the Commission proposed amendments to the Radio Regulations, 1986 (the regulations) that are designed to increase the percentage of Canadian musical selections broadcast by community and campus stations each broadcast week, from 30% to 35% for category 2 selections and from 10% to 12% for category 3 selections. The Commission notes that the applicant has committed to meet these new percentages.


CKMO-FM currently offers a two-hour Portuguese-language program each week. The licensee will continue to broadcast this program on the new AM station. The licensee has also received requests from Victoria's ethnic community and intercultural associations to broadcast programs in the Japanese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Finnish and Irish languages. The Policy allows campus stations in markets without a local ethnic station to provide up to 40% third-language programming.

Ownership and operation of the transmitter


Section 10.1 of the regulations requires licensees to own and operate their transmitters. In this case, however, CKMO Radio advised the Commission that Rogers has offered to make CJVI's existing transmitting facilities available to the new AM station for $1 a year for ten years. Rogers has also made a commitment to spend $400,000 over ten years to operate and maintain the station's transmitting facilities on behalf of CKMO Radio. The Commission considers that an exemption to section 10.1 of the regulations is warranted in the circumstances. A condition of licence in this regard is set out below. Of course, the Commission expects the licensee to retain, at all times, full control of its undertaking, including control of transmission and scheduling of its programming.

Conditions of licence


The licence will be subject to the conditions specified in this decision and in the licence to be issued.


The licensee is relieved, by condition of licence, from the requirement of section 10.1 of the regulations that it own and operate its transmitter.


Further, by conditions of licence, the licensee must:

  • devote, each broadcast week, at least 25% of its programming to spoken word programming (content category 1);
  • devote, each broadcast week, at least 2 hours of programming to formal educational programming;
  • devote, each broadcast week, at least two-thirds of the programming broadcast to station-produced programming;
  • devote, each broadcast week, a minimum of 5% of its musical selections to musical selections from content category 3 (special interest music);
  • devote, each broadcast week, no more than 30% of all musical selections broadcast to hits, as defined in Public Notice CRTC 1997-42, as amended from time to time;
  • broadcast no more than 504 minutes of advertising (content category 5), each broadcast week, with a maximum of 4 minutes in any hour;
  • adhere to the guidelines on gender portrayal set out in the Canadian Association of Broadcasters' (CAB) Sex-role portrayal code for television and radio programming, as amended from time to time and approved by the Commission; and
  • adhere to the provisions of the CAB's Broadcast code for advertising to children, as amended from time to time and approved by the Commission.
Board of directors


In the Policy, the Commission indicated that it expects the board of directors of instructional campus radio stations to include representatives of each of the following: the student body; the associated college or university; station volunteers; and the community at large. To ensure continuity of direction, the Commission also encouraged such stations to establish positions on its board of directors with terms of more than one year. The Commission notes that the structure and composition of the station's proposed board of directors complies with the Policy.


The Commission expects the licensee submit, by 31 December 2000, the by-laws of the undertaking and any relevant information about the representatives upon their election, specifying which group each board member represents.


The Commission reminds the licensee that, in accordance with the requirements of the Direction to the CRTC (Ineligibility of Non-Canadians) P.C. 1998-1268, the chief executive officer and not less than 80 per cent of the members of the board of directors must be Canadians ordinarily resident in Canada.

Other expectations


The Commission expects the licensee to devote a minimum of 4% of its programming, each broadcast week, excluding vacation periods, to news, with a particular emphasis on local news.


In addition, the Commission expects the licensee to carry out the projects described in its plan for Canadian talent development.

Other matters


In Public Notice CRTC 1992-59 dated 1 September 1992 and entitled Implementation of an employment equity policy, the Commission announced that the employment equity practices of broadcasters would be subject to examination by the Commission. It considers that campus and community radio stations should be particularly sensitive to this issue in order to reflect fully the communities they serve. It encourages the licensee to consider employment equity issues in its hiring practices and in all other aspects of its management of human resources.


The licence will only be issued and effective when the undertaking is ready to begin operation. When the licensee has completed construction and is prepared to commence operation, it must advise the Commission in writing. If the undertaking is not constructed and ready to operate within 12 months of today’s date, extensions to this time frame may be granted provided that the licensee applies in writing to the Commission before the 12-month period or any extension of that period expires.
Related CRTC documents

  • Public Notice 2000-44 – Call for comments – Proposed regulatory amendments for the purpose of implementing certain aspects of the revised policies for campus radio and community radio, and incorporating revised content categories for radio
  • Public Notice 2000-12 – Campus radio policy

  • Public Notice 2000-14 – Revised content categories and subcategories for radio

  • Public Notice 1999-117 – Ethnic broadcasting policy
Secretary General

This decision is to be appended to the licence.  It is available in alternative format upon request, and may also be examined at the following Internet site:
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