CRTC Communications Monitoring Report

2012

Previous Table of Contents

Appendix 1 - Data collection and analysis

Data collection

Statistics Canada and the CRTC collect data jointly under the authority of the Statistics Act, the Broadcasting Act, and the Telecommunications Act. Statistics Canada uses the data to develop national accounts, and the CRTC uses it to monitor the broadcasting and telecommunications industries’ performance and adherence to regulations.

Broadcasting

Data collected are used to measure the financial performance of broadcasters and their contribution to the Canadian economy. The data collection process targets all broadcasting service providers licensed by the CRTC to operate private, public, and non-commercial radio, television, and broadcasting distribution services, as well as pay, pay-per-view, video-on-demand, and specialty services. Broadcasting licensees file annual returns outlining financial and statistical information for each broadcast year. The key results of the data collection process are used to produce annual financial and statistical summaries of revenues and expenditures, such as expenditures on Canadian and international programming. These summaries are published on the CRTC’s website at http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/stats.htm.

The broadcasting regulations require broadcasting service providers to complete an annual survey. Except for a small number of small radio service providers, broadcasting service providers access and submit the survey forms electronically using the CRTC’s secure web‑based DCS. In mid-October each year, the survey is mailed to the small radio service providers that do not have access to the DCS. The survey covers the 12-month period ending 31 August of that year. All broadcasting service providers have until 30 November to complete and submit their respective annual survey forms.

As part of the annual return process, commercial radio broadcasters must report on their contributions to CCD. BDUs must submit information regarding their contributions to the creation and production of Canadian programming. This information enables the CRTC to ensure that radio licensees are complying with their conditions of licence or regulatory requirements relating to CCD contributions and that broadcast distribution licensees are fulfilling their obligations regarding the creation and production of Canadian programming, including contributing to the CMF, LPIF, independent funds, and local expression.

Telecommunications

As part of its monitoring activities, the CRTC uses the data collection process to maintain and update its data on (i) TSP registration lists, (ii) the contribution regime, (iii) telecommunications fees, and (iv) the telecommunications service industry.9

TSPs are classified into one of two groups: Group 1 TSPs and Group 2 TSPs. Group 1 TSPs generally (i) have significant telecommunications revenues, (ii) file tariffs, or (iii) have international licences. Group 2 TSPs generally have lower revenues than Group 1 TSPs.

Each TSP is required to complete and submit a registration form to the CRTC annually. The CRTC uses the information contained in the form to update certain basic information about that TSP and to determine which additional forms, if any, are to be issued to the TSP. Group 1 TSPs must access and submit the registration form electronically using the CRTC’s secure web‑based DCS. The CRTC contacts these TSPs by email at the start of the data collection process each year and provides them with (i) the due dates for submitting the registration form and any additional data forms, and (ii) the information needed to access the DCS. Group 2 TSPs, on the other hand, are mailed a registration form for completion. Submission of this form generally marks the end of the data collection process for the Group 2 TSPs.

Group 1 TSPs are required to submit a range of company‑specific information, including financial data (e.g. an income statement, a balance sheet, and capital expenditure information), along with detailed telecommunications information focused on products and geographic markets. Geographic markets are defined on a national, provincial/territorial, regional, local exchange, or city basis. The data submitted are as of 31 December each year.

Data analysis

Broadcasting

The CRTC performs a compliance analysis using the financial data from the annual returns submitted by all broadcasting service providers. The objectives of this analysis are as follows:

The CRTC then publishes financial and statistical summaries for the four major broadcasting categories (i.e. commercial radio; conventional television; broadcasting distribution; and pay, pay-per-view, video-on-demand, and specialty services). The data from the annual returns are also used to prepare this report.

Revisions may be made to the financial and statistical summaries, and to this report, after they are published. These revisions are generally the result of late receipt of data, modifications made by broadcasting licensees to previously filed data, or errors detected following data publication. The revisions do not generally have a major impact on the results of the data collection process.

Telecommunications

The CRTC analyzes TSPs’ returns to ensure that the data provided by the TSPs is as anticipated and that the TSPs have provided a complete response. The CRTC then follows up with TSPs as required to resolve or obtain explanations of any anomalies. The CRTC subjects the data to computerized edits designed to ensure accuracy and internal consistency. For large enterprises, the CRTC compares reported data to audited financial information and investigates any major discrepancies. The CRTC then makes a year-over-year comparison to identify any radical or unexplained changes and follows up with TSPs if necessary. Finally, the CRTC determines the data’s validity by performing a time series analysis or by comparing the data or their derivatives (such as average revenues per line or minute) with other established benchmarks.

Certain figures published in the monitoring report from previous years may be restated for consistency. Other figures may change as a result of some companies resubmitting previous years’ data. In addition, certain data may be reclassified to better reflect market segments or industry developments. These changes are identified by a number sign (#).

Most of the tables and figures included in this report are derived from the data submitted via the DCS, while others are derived using data from Statistics Canada and Industry Canada. Inconsistencies in data may arise between data sources given that the companies surveyed, the definitions used, and the level of detail requested may differ for each source. The data source is therefore identified beneath each table and figure in the report.


Appendix 2 - Classification of Canadian TSPs

For regulatory purposes, TSPs operating in Canada are classified into two broad categories, incumbent TSPs and alternative TSPs, as described below. The category into which a given TSP falls may change from one year to the next as a result of consolidation in the industry. The classification of TSPs’ affiliated entities that provide telecommunications services is based on their affiliate relationship with the TSP. For example, if a wireless TSP is affiliated with a TSP, the wireless TSP takes the same classification as the TSP to which it is affiliated. Affiliates of non-TSPs are classified according to the structure set out below.

  1. Incumbent TSPs are the companies that provided telecommunications services on a monopoly basis prior to the introduction of competition. For the purpose of this report, these companies’ operations outside their traditional operating territories are included in the alternative TSPs category. Incumbent TSPs are subdivided into large and small TSPs.
    1. Large incumbent TSPs serve relatively large areas, usually including both rural and urban populations, and provide wireline voice, Internet, data and private line, wireless, and other services. The large incumbent TSPs are Bell Aliant, Bell Canada, MTS Inc., Northwestel, SaskTel, Télébec, and TCC.
    2. Small incumbent TSPs serve relatively small geographical areas (mostly municipal areas generally located in less densely populated areas) in Ontario, Quebec, and, in one instance, British Columbia. Due to the limited size of their serving areas, these companies do not typically provide facilities‑based long distance services. However, they provide a range of wireline voice, Internet, data and private line, and wireless services. Examples of small incumbent TSPs are NorthernTel and TBayTel.
  2. Alternative TSPs are either i) TSPs that are not incumbent TSPs as described in 1) above or ii) incumbent TSPs conducting out‑of‑territory operations, such as Bell Canada conducting operations in Alberta and British Columbia and Allstream Inc., an affiliate of MTS Inc. conducting operations across Canada. Alternative TSPs are subdivided into facilities-based and non-facilities-based TSPs.
    1. Facilities‑based alternative TSPs own and operate telecommunications networks. This group is further subdivided into facilities-based incumbent TSPs (out-of-territory) and facilities-based non-incumbent TSPs.

      Facilities‑based non‑incumbent TSPs are further subdivided into cable BDUs, utility telcos, and other carriers.
      • Cable BDUs are the former cable monopolies that also provide telecommunications services (e.g. wireline voice, Internet, data and private line, and wireless services). These TSPs include such companies as Bragg, Cogeco, Rogers, Shaw, and Videotron.
      • Utility telcos are TSPs whose market entry or whose corporate group’s market entry into telecommunications services was preceded by a group‑member company’s operations in the electricity, gas, or other utility business.
      • Other carriers own physical transmission facilities (e.g. intercity, intra‑city, or local transmission facilities). These TSPs include such companies as Xplornet.
    2. Non-facilities‑based alternative TSPs do not own or operate a telecommunications network. These companies are referred to as resellers, since they generally acquire telecommunications services from other TSPs and either resell those services or create their own network from which to provide services to their customers. Examples of non-facilities-based TSPs are Distributel, Primus, Yak, and independent ISPs.

Appendix 3 - Status of local forbearance - Residential and business exchanges (as of 30 June 2012)

Major centre Number of local exchanges Number of forborne exchanges Number of forborne exchanges as a percentage of total exchanges in the major centre
Residential Business Residential Business
British Columbia     
Vancouver 19 17 16 90 84
Victoria 4 3 3 75 75
Remaining exchanges 259 45 49 17 19
Provincial total 282 65 68 23 24
Alberta 
Calgary 8 3 3 38 38
Edmonton 27 10 12 37 44
Remaining exchanges 303 24 26 8 9
Provincial total 338 37 41 11 12
Saskatchewan 
Saskatoon 10 1 1 10 10
Regina 5 1 0 20 0
Remaining exchanges 214 8 3 4 1
Provincial total 229 10 4 4 2
Manitoba 
Winnipeg 14 1 1 7 7
Remaining exchanges 230 5 0 2 0
Provincial total 244 6 1 3 0
Ontario
Toronto 50 45 20 90 40
Ottawa/Gatineau 28 19 3 68 11
Hamilton 12 9 5 75 42
London 16 9 1 56 6
Kitchener 8 8 2 100 25
St. Catharines/Niagara 13 7 2 54 15
Windsor 11 2 2 18 18
Oshawa 8 7 2 88 25
Remaining exchanges 531 84 27 16 5
Provincial total 677 190 64 28 10
Quebec 
Montréal 40 39 11 98 28
Québec 17 10 2 59 12
Remaining exchanges 518 113 31 22 6
Provincial total 575 162 44 28 8
New Brunswick 
Fredericton 2 2 1 100 50
Remaining exchanges 86 22 20 26 23
Provincial total 88 24 21 27 24
Nova Scotia 
Halifax 16 7 7 44 44
Remaining exchanges 131 44 44 34 34
Provincial total 147 51 51 35 35
Prince Edward Island 
Charlottetown 4 1 1 25 25
Remaining exchanges 22 10 9 46 41
Provincial total 26 11 10 42 39
Newfoundland & Labrador 
St. John’s 6 1 1 17 17
Remaining exchanges 206 0 0 0 0
Provincial total 212 1 1 1 1
All provinces 2,818 557 305 20 11

Source: CRTC Data collection

Appendix 4 - International pricing assumptions

Below is a summary of the assumptions and methodology used in developing aggregate pricing indices for the international price comparisons shown in Table 6.1.1.

Table A.4.1 Service providers surveyed

City Service basket Service providers
Canada
Halifax NS Wireline Bell Aliant, EastLink
Wireless Bell, TCC, Rogers
Broadband Internet Bell Aliant, EastLink
Mobile Internet Bell, TCC, Rogers
Bundles Bell Aliant, EastLink
Montréal QC Wireline Bell, Videotron, Primus
Wireless Bell, TCC, Rogers, Primus, Videotron, Public Mobile
Broadband Internet Bell, Videotron, Primus
Mobile Internet Bell, TCC, Rogers, Videotron
Bundles Bell, Videotron, Primus (excluding digital TV)
Toronto ON Wireline Bell, Rogers, Primus
Wireless Bell, TCC, Rogers, Primus, WIND, Mobilicity, Public Mobile
Broadband Internet Bell, Rogers, Primus
Mobile Internet Bell, TCC, Rogers, WIND, Mobilicity
Bundles Bell, Rogers, Primus (as applicable)
Regina SK Wireline SaskTel, Access Communications
Wireless SaskTel, TCC, Rogers
Broadband Internet SaskTel, Access Communications
Mobile Internet SaskTel, TCC, Rogers
Bundles SaskTel, Access Communications
Vancouver BC Wireline TCC, Shaw, Primus
Wireless Bell, TCC, Rogers, Primus, WIND, Mobilicity
Broadband Internet TCC, Shaw, Primus
Mobile Internet Bell, TCC, Rogers, Primus, WIND, Mobilicity
Bundles TCC, Shaw, Primus (as applicable)
United States
Boston MA Wireline Verizon, Comcast
Wireless AT&T, Verizon, Sprint
Broadband Internet Verizon, Comcast
Mobile Internet AT&T, Verizon, Sprint
Bundles Verizon, Comcast
Kansas City MO Wireline AT&T, Time Warner
Wireless AT&T, Verizon, Sprint
Broadband Internet AT&T, Time Warner
Mobile Internet AT&T, Verizon, Sprint
Bundles AT&T, Time Warner
Seattle WA Wireline Qwest, Comcast
Wireless AT&T, Verizon, Sprint
Broadband Internet Qwest, Comcast
Mobile Internet AT&T, Verizon, Sprint
Bundles Qwest/Verizon, Comcast
United Kingdom
London Wireline BT, Virgin, Talk Talk
Wireless Orange, Virgin, Vodafone
Broadband Internet BT, Virgin, Orange, AOL Broadband
Mobile Internet Orange, Virgin, Vodafone
Bundles Virgin, BT (Orange for wireless)
Australia
Sydney All service baskets Telstra, Optus
France
Paris All service baskets Orange (France Telecom), SFR (Neuf Cegetel), Numericable
Japan
Tokyo Wireline NTT, J:Com
Wireless NTT DoCoMo, J:Com (Willcom/Softbank), KDDI, eMobile
Broadband Internet NTT, J:Com, KDDI, Yahoo! BB
Mobile Internet NTT DoCoMo, J:Com (Willcom/Softbank), KDDI, eMobile
Bundles NTT, J:Com (Willcom/Softbank)

 

Table A.4.2 Wireline service baskets
Calling assumptions Minutes of use/month
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Outgoing (55%) 220 550 880
Incoming (45%) 180 450 720
Total minutes 400 1,000 1,600
Outgoing by time of day/week
Peak (40%) 88 220 352
Off-peak (60%) 132 330 528
Outgoing long distance 10% of total 20% of total 30% of total
National 16 70 150
U.S. 6 30 80
Other (international) - 10 34
Total 22 110 264
Outgoing to mobile 15% of total 15% of total 15% of total
Local 33 60 100
National - 22.5 32
International - - -
Total 33 82.5 132
Average call length 3 minutes 3 minutes 3 minutes
Features
Voice mail - Yes Yes
Caller identification - Yes Yes
Other - - Yes (bundled, if available)

Prices were surveyed from the three or four largest service providers in each country as outlined in Table A.4.1, and then weighted by the market share of each provider. Government sales taxes, such as GST or VAT, and one-time service installation charges were excluded. Industry-specific charges (such as 9-1-1 fees, universal service and regulatory charges in the United States, and television licence fees in the United Kingdom) were included. Prices were converted to Canadian dollars using average January 2012 market exchange rates, and were also adjusted for purchasing power parity using January 2012 comparative price level indexes published by the OECD.

Canadian prices were compared to those in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Australia, and Japan for wireline and mobile wireless services at three separate service levels, designed to reflect typical basic, standard, and high-end Canadian service consumption patterns (service basket Levels 1, 2, and 3). For broadband Internet services, an additional Level 4 basket was added in 2011 for higher-speed broadband service offerings (see Table A.4.5). Prices were also compared for mobile Internet access service in the above-mentioned countries, based on 3G or higher wireless technology, at a Level 1 monthly data usage level of 2 GB. In 2012, a Level 2 data usage of 5 GB per month was added to the mobile Internet category. As well, prices for bundles of three or four services were compared: Bundle 1 (wireline, mobile wireless, and broadband Internet), Bundle 2 (wireline, broadband Internet, and a basic digital television package), and Bundle 3 (wireline, mobile wireless, broadband Internet, and basic digital television).  Level 2 service baskets were used in each of these bundles.

Table A.4.3 Wireless service baskets
Calling assumptions Minutes of use/month
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Outgoing (60%) 90 270 720
Incoming (40%) 60 180 480
Total 150 450 1,200
Time of day/week
Peak (40%) 60 180 480
Off-peak (60%) 90 270 720
Outgoing long distance 10% of total 10% of total 15% of total
National 9 21 90
U.S. - 6 18
Other - - -
Total 9 27 108
Outgoing to mobile 50% of total 50% of total 50% of total
On-net (2/3) 30 90 240
Off-net (1/3) 15 45 120
Total 45 135 360
Average call length 3 minutes 3 minutes 3 minutes
Features
Voice mail - Yes Yes
Caller identification - Yes Yes
Other - - Yes
Data
SMS - 250 250
Data service - - 1 GB
Table A.4.4 Mobile Internet service baskets
Elements Level 1 Level 2
Download speed ≥ 1.5 Mbps ≥ 1.5 Mbps
Assumed data usage/month 2 GB 5 GB
USB modem No cost with contract; or rental/24-month amortization

 

Table A.4.5 Broadband (Internet access) service baskets
Elements Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
Download speed Basic services
≤ 3 Mbps
4 – 15 Mbps
(highest available)
16 – 40 Mbps
(highest available)
40+ Mbps
 (highest available)
Average data usage/month 5 GB 20 GB 50 GB 75 GB
Modem No cost with contract; or rental/24-month amortization

 

Table A.4.6 Bundled service baskets
Service elements Bundle 1
Triple-play
Bundle 2
Triple-play
Bundle 3
Quadruple-play
Wireline Wireline Level 2 usage Wireline Level 2 usage Wireline Level 2 usage
Wireless Wireless Level 2 usage   Wireless Level 2 usage
Broadband Broadband Level 2 usage Broadband Level 2 usage Broadband Level 2 usage
Television   Basic digital TV package Basic digital TV package

Appendix 5 - Telecommunications market sector description

A) Wireline voice

 

Wireline voice-related telecommunications services can be divided into two broad market segments: (i) local and access services, and (ii) long distance services.

i) Local and access services

The local and access segment is composed of wireline services relating to access and connectivity to the PSTN, and includes services used by both retail and wholesale customers.

Local wireline telephone service enables customers to place unlimited calls within a defined local calling area for a basic monthly fee. This service is either access-dependent or access-independent. Access-dependent service includes managed wireline access from the TSP to the customer, a connection to the PSTN, and a telephone number. Access-independent service does not include the managed wireline access component. Customers of access-independent service must subscribe to broadband Internet service, which serves as the access component.

Local wireline telephone service includes automated call answering, business Centrex, and ISDN services, as well as other ancillary services such as inside wiring, installation and repair, teleconferencing, and miscellaneous local services.

Local and access service revenues include revenues from the sale of local services on a wholesale basis and, with the introduction of local competition, revenues from the sale of access services for interconnection between carriers and other service providers, including switching and aggregation, and from the sale of unbundled network components.

ii) Long distance services

Retail long distance services encompass wireline voice traffic to locations outside the local service calling area. These services are sold in a variety of ways, such as through a standard per‑minute charge, a monthly subscription plan, calling cards, or a bundle with other services.

Wholesale long distance services are services provided a) under connection arrangements, between a facilities‑based TSP and a long distance TSP to transit long distance minutes, or b) on a wholesale bulk long distance minute basis by facilities-based TSPs to resellers of long distance service.

B) Internet

Internet-related telecommunications services can be divided into two broad market segments: (i) Internet access and transport, and (ii) Internet applications and other Internet-related services.

i) Internet access and transport

Internet access involves the provision of an IP connection to an end-user, which enables the end-user to exchange application traffic with Internet hosts and other end-users. Internet access service consists of the following three major components:

  1. a data connection between a modem at the end-user’s location (such as a residential dwelling) and the ISP;
  2. ISP facilities, which include
    • routers, to switch traffic between ISP end-users and the Internet at large,
    • servers, to provide in-house ISP services, such as email, and
    • network management elements; and
  3. a connection from the ISP to the Internet.

Internet access services are available at a variety of speeds. Low-speed, or narrowband, access services operate at speeds of up to 64 Kbps and are typically provided using dial-up access lines. High-speed access services, including wideband (up to 1.5 Mbps) and broadband (faster than 1.5 Mbps), generally operate using DSL, coaxial cables, terrestrial wireless technologies, satellites, or fibre-optic cables.
 
Internet transport service is a type of Internet connectivity service typically sold to ISPs and some larger business customers. Internet transport capacity is provided over Internet backbone facilities that carry aggregated traffic across domestic and international links between Internet traffic switches or routers. Internet transport service provides partial control over the movement of customers’ Internet traffic. In some cases, peering arrangements between Internet backbone service providers substitute for the outright purchase of Internet transport by one ISP from another.

ii) Internet applications and other Internet-related services

A growing number of Internet application services, including email and Web hosting, piggyback on Internet connectivity services. Internet application services are typically bundled together with Internet access services. However, TSPs also participate in emerging stand-alone business Internet application service markets, which include services such as premium Web hosting services, Internet data centre and off-site data storage services, and security and firewall services.

C) Data and private line

Data services include managed LAN and WAN services for data, video, and voice networks within a metropolitan area or on a national or international scale. Data services include legacy protocols such as X.25 (packet switched WAN communication), ATM, and frame relay; newer protocols such as Ethernet and IP-VPN; and the provisioning and management of networks and related equipment.

Private line services provide the capability to link two or more locations over dedicated facilities for the purpose of transporting data, video, or voice traffic. These services include high-capacity digital transmission services (at speeds ranging up to gigabit speeds over fibre) and digital data systems, as well as voice-grade and other analogue services. Transmission facilities for private line services include copper wire, fibre-optic cable, and satellite facilities.

D) Wireless

Wireless services are composed of telecommunications services provided via mobile wireless access facilities. These services include mobile telephony, mobile data (such as text and multi-media messaging), roaming, wireless Internet access, and paging services. Data related to satellite private line services are included in the “Data and private line” section of this report, while data related to the satellite services associated with mobile telephones are included in the “Wireless” section of this report.

In addition to enabling voice communications over wireless networks, new wireless technologies are enabling users to send text messages and multi-media messages, including photos, graphics, videos, and audio clips, from one device to another and from one carrier to another. Data usage is expected to continue to grow as existing and new carriers forge network agreements, expand and upgrade their networks, and terminal equipment makers introduce new devices.

Mobile wireless services are generally billed on a usage basis for both voice and data services. Subscribers have a choice of two payment plan options: prepaid and post-paid. Under prepaid plans, subscribers must purchase the wireless service prior to use, while under post-paid plans, subscribers must pay monthly after using the service. Customers typically pay a per-minute rate under prepaid plans. However, under post-paid plans, customers pay for a service package that includes defined minutes of use, an overage minute rate, data features, and other optional services such as voice mail, call display, and call-waiting services.

Appendix 6 - List of acronyms used in the report

ACEPU
average capital expenditure per user
AMP
administrative monetary penalty
ARPM
average revenue per minute
ARPU
average revenue per user
ASC
Advertising Standards Canada
ATM
asynchronous transfer mode
AWS
advanced wireless service
BDU
broadcasting distribution undertaking
CAB
Canadian Association of Broadcasters
CAGR
compound annual growth rate
capex
capital expenditure
CBC
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
CBSC
Canadian Broadcast Standards Council
CCD
Canadian Content Development
CCTS
Commissioner for Complaints for Telecommunications Services
CLEC
competitive local exchange carrier
CMF
Canadian Media Fund
CPAC
Cable Public Affairs Channel
CPE
Canadian programming expenditures
CPI
Consumer Price Index
CRTC, the
Commission
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
CTD
Canadian Talent Development
CTF
Canadian Television Fund
DCS
Data collection system
DNA
digital network access
DNCL
Do Not Call List
DSL
digital subscriber line
DTH
direct-to-home
EBITDA
earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization
FTTH
fibre-to-the-home
GAS
gateway access service
GB
gigabyte
GDP
gross domestic product
GST
goods and services tax
HD
high definition
high-speed DNA
high-speed intra-exchange digital network access
HSDS
high-speed digital service
HSPA
high-speed packet access
HSPA+
evolved high-speed packet access
ID
identification
IAB Canada
Interactive Advertising Bureau of Canada
ILEC
incumbent local exchange carrier
IMF
International Monetary Fund
IP
Internet Protocol
IPTV
Internet Protocol television
IP-VPN
Internet Protocol – virtual private network
ISDN
integrated services digital network
ISP
Internet service provider
ITU
International Telecommunications Union
Kbps
kilobits per second
LAN
local area network
LEC
local exchange carrier
LPIF
Local programming improvement fund
LTE
long-term evolution
Mbps
megabits per second
MDS
multipoint distribution service
MMS
multimedia messaging service
MTM
Media Technology Monitor
MVNO
mobile virtual network operator
MWS
metropolitan wavelength services
n.a.
not available
n.m.
not meaningful
NRA
national regulatory authority
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development
OMDC
Ontario Media Development Corporation
OTA
over-the-air
PBIT
profit before interest and taxes
PBX
private branch exchange
PPM
portable people meter
PPP
Purchasing Power Parity
PPV
pay-per-view
PST
provincial sales tax
PSTN
public switched telephone network
RDU
radiocommunication distribution undertaking
SD
standard definition
SMS
short message service
SRDU
satellite relay distribution undertaking
TPI
telephone price index
TPIA
third-party Internet access
TSP
telecommunications service provider
VAT
value-added tax
VDSL
very high bit rate digital subscriber line
VOD
video-on-demand
VoIP
voice over Internet Protocol
VPOP
virtual point of presence
WAN
wide area network
WSP
wireless service provider
3G
third-generation
4G
fourth-generation

 

Appendix 7 - List of decisions, public notices, orders, circulars, and regulatory policies referenced in the report

Broadcasting

Circular No. 404
Requirements for the Filing of Financial Statements with the Broadcasting Annual Return, Circular No. 404, 23 August 1994
Broadcasting Decision 2002-45
Revocation of the licences of exempted small cable distribution undertakings, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2002-45, 19 February 2002
Broadcasting Decision 2002-88
Revocation of the licences of exempted small cable distribution undertakings, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2002-88, 17 April 2002
Broadcasting Decision 2004-382
Revocation of licences − Exempted cable broadcasting distribution undertakings that serve up to 6,000 subscribers, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2004-382, 30 August 2004, as amended by Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2004-382-1, 18 January 2005
Broadcasting Decision 2007-165
Transfer of effective control of CHUM Limited to CTVglobemedia Inc., Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007-165, 8 June 2007
Broadcasting Decision 2007-359
Acquisition of assets,Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007-359, 28 September 2007, as amended by Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007-359-1, 3 December 2007
Broadcasting Decision 2007-360
Transfer of effective control of 1708487 Ontario Inc., 1738700 Ontario Inc. and CHUM Television Vancouver Inc. to Rogers Media Inc., Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007-360, 28 September 2007
Broadcasting Decision 2007-368
Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007-368, 12 October 2007
Broadcasting Decision 2007-429
Transfer of effective control of Alliance Atlantis Broadcasting Inc.’s broadcasting companies to CanWest MediaWorks Inc., Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007-429, 20 December 2007
Broadcasting Decision 2007-434
Exchange of radio assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2007‑434, 24 December 2007
Broadcasting Decision 2008-71
Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-71, 31 March 2008, as amended by Acquisition of assets – Correction to a condition of licence, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-71-1, 4 June 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2008-72
Acquisition of assets − CHNM-TV and CHNM-DT Vancouver and their transmitters in Victoria, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-72, 31 March 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2008-128
CHRC Québec − Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-128, 26 June 2008, as amended by CHRC Québec – Acquisition of assets – Correction to a condition of licence, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-128-1, 3 July 2008; and CHRC Québec – Acquisition of assets – Addition of a condition of licence, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-128-2, 29 September 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2008-129
Change in the effective control of TQS inc. and licence renewals of the television programming undertakings CFJP-TV Montréal, CFJP-DT Montréal, CFAP‑TV Québec, CFKM-TV Trois-Rivières, CFKS‑TV Sherbrooke, CFRS-TV Saguenay and of the TQS network, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-129, 26 June 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2008-130
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation − Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-130, 26 June 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2008-138
Change in effective control, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008‑138, 7 July 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2008-206
Change in effective control, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008‑206, 22 August 2008
Broadcasting Decision 2009-279
Renewal of the broadcasting licences for private conventional television stations considered at the 27 April 2009 Gatineau public hearing – Initial decisions and scope of subsequent policy proceeding, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-279, 15 May 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2009-536
CJNT-TV Montréal – Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-536, 28 August 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2009-537
CHCH-TV Hamilton and its transmitters and CHCH‑DT Hamilton – Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-537, 28 August 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2009-699
CHEK-TV Victoria and its transmitters – Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-699, 9 November 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2009-706
Sex TV: The Channel and Drive-In Classics Channel – Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-706, 19 November 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2009-746
CKTG-FM and CJUK-FM Thunder Bay – Acquisition of assets, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-746, 2 December 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2009-810
Administrative renewals, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009‑810, 23 December 2009
Broadcasting Decision 2010-782
Change in the effective control of Canwest Global Communications Corp.’s licensed broadcasting subsidiaries, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2010-782, 22 October 2010
Broadcasting Decision 2010-792
travel + escape – Corporate reorganization (acquisition of assets), and transfer of ownership and control, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2010-792, 26 October 2010
Broadcasting Decision 2010-942
Transfer of effective control of various commercial radio programming undertakings from Corus Entertainment Inc. to Cogeco inc., Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2010-942, 17 December 2010
Broadcasting Decision 2011-163
Change in effective control of CTVglobemedia Inc.’s licensed broadcasting subsidiaries, Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2011-163, 7 March 2011
Public Notice 1997-25
New regulatory framework for broadcasting distribution undertakings, Public Notice CRTC 1997‑25, 11 March 1997
Public Notice 1999-205
Definitions for new types of priority programs; revisions to the definitions of television content categories; definitions of Canadian dramatic programs that will qualify for time credits towards priority programming requirements, Public Notice CRTC 1999‑205, 23 December 1999
Broadcasting Order CRTC 2011-60
Exemption order for small video-on-demand undertakings, Broadcasting Order CRTC 2011-60, 31 January 2011
Broadcasting Public Notice 2003-35
Exemption orders respecting certain classes of low-power and very low-power programming undertakings, Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2003-35, 10 July 2003
Broadcasting Public Notice 2004-92
Exemption order respecting a class of low-power radio programming undertakings, Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2004-92, 26 November 2004
Broadcasting Public Notice 2005-35
Good commercial practices, Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2005-35, 18 April 2005
Broadcasting Public Notice 2006-143
Exemption order respecting certain network operations, Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2006-143, 10 November 2006
Broadcasting Public Notice 2006-158
Commercial Radio Policy 2006, Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2006-158, 15 December 2006
Broadcasting Public Notice 2007-54
A new policy with respect to closed captioning, Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2007-54, 17 May 2007
Broadcasting Public Notice 2008-77
Applications processed pursuant to streamlined procedures,Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2008‑77, 3 September 2008
Broadcasting Notice of Consultation 2010-783
Review of the regulatory framework relating to vertical integration, Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2010-783, 22 October 2010
Broadcasting Notice of Consultation 2010-783-2
Review of the regulatory framework relating to vertical integration Additional issue, Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2010-783-2, 8 February 2011
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2010-57
Revised lists of eligible satellite services – Annual compilation of amendments, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2010‑57, 4 February 2010
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2010-167
A group-based approach to the licensing of private television services, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2010-167, 22 March 2010
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2011-43
Revised lists of eligible satellite services – Annual compilation of amendments, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2011-43, 25 January 2011
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2011-601
Regulatory framework relating to vertical integration, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2011-601, 21 September 2011
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2011-741
Quality standards for French-language closed captioning, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2011-741, 1 December 2011
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2011-741-1
Quality standards for French-language closed captioning – Enforcement, monitoring and the future mandate of the French-language Closed Captioning Working Group, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2011-741-1, 21 February 2012
Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2012-86
Revised list of non-Canadian programming services authorized for distribution – Annual compilation of amendments, Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2012-86, 10 February 2012

 

Broadcasting and Telecom

Broadcasting and Telecom Regulatory Policy 2009-430
Accesssibility of telecommunications and broadcasting services, Broadcasting and Telecom Regulatory Policy CRTC 2009‑430, 21 July 2009

 

Telecommunications

Telecom Decision 94-19
Review of regulatory framework, Telecom Decision CRTC 94‑19, 16 September 1994
Telecom Decision 2006-15
Forbearance from the regulation of retail local exchange services, Telecom Decision CRTC 2006-15, 6 April 2006, as amended by Order in Council P.C. 2007-532, 4 April 2007
Forbearance Order
Order Varying Telecom Decision CRTC 2006-15, P.C. 2007‑532, 18 April 2007
Policy Direction
Order Issuing a Direction to the CRTC on Implementing the Canadian Telecommunications Policy Objectives, P.C. 2006‑1534, 14 December 2006
HSDS Decision
Framework for forbearance from regulation of high-speed intra-exchange digital network access services, Telecom Decision CRTC 2007-35, 25 May 2007

 

Appendix 8 - List of Canadian companies referenced in the report

Access Communications
Access Communications Co-operative Limited
Allstream
Allstream Inc.
Astral
Astral Media Inc.
Atria
Atria Networks L.P.
BCE
Bell Canada Enterprises
Bell Aliant
Bell Aliant Regional Communications, Limited Partnership
Bell Canada
Bell Canada
Bell Group
Bell Canada; Bell Mobility Inc.; Latitude Wireless Inc.; NorthernTel, Limited Partnership; Northwestel Mobility Inc.; SkyTerra (Canada) Inc.; SkyTerra Corp.; Télébec, Limited Partnership; and Virgin Mobile Canada
Bell Mobility
Bell Mobility Inc.
Bragg
Bragg Communications Inc.
Canwest
Canwest Media Inc.
CBC
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Cogeco
Cogeco Canada L.P., Cogeco Câble Québec s.e.n.c. and Cogeco Inc.
Corus
Corus Entertainment Inc.
Crossroads
Crossroads Television System
CTV
CTV Inc. (CTVglobemedia Inc., CTV Inc., CTV Limited, and CTV Corp. amalgamated on 15 March 2011 as CTV Inc.)
Distributel
Distributel Communications Limited
EastLink
EastLink
Hydro One
Hydro One Telecom Inc.
Latitude Wireless
Latitude Wireless Inc.
MTS
MTS Inc.
NorthernTel
NorthernTel, Limited Partnership
Northwestel
Northwestel Inc.
Northwestel Mobility
Northwestel Mobility Inc.
Quebecor
Quebecor Media Inc.
Primus
Primus Telecommunications Canada Inc.
Remstar
Remstar (V)
Rogers
Rogers Broadcasting Limited, Rogers Cable Communications Inc., Rogers Communications Inc. and Rogers Wireless Inc.
SaskTel
Saskatchewan Telecommunications
Shaw
Shaw Communications Inc.
SkyTerra
SkyTerra (Canada) Inc. and SkyTerra Corp.
SRC
Société Radio-Canada
Star Choice
Star Choice Television Network Incorporated
TBayTel
TBayTel
TCC
TELUS Communications Company
Télébec
Télébec, Limited Partnership
Télé-Québec
Télé-Québec
Videotron
Videotron Ltd.
Virgin Mobile
Virgin Mobile Canada
WIND
WIND Mobile
Xplornet
Xplornet Communications Inc.
Yak
YAK Communications (Canada) Corp.

 

 



Note:


[9] Telecommunications industry data collection: updating of CRTC registration lists, telecommunications fees, Canadian contribution mechanism fund administration, international licences and monitoring of the Canadian telecommunications industry, Telecom Circular CRTC 2003‑1, 11 December 2003

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