Communications Monitoring Report 2013: Broadcasting system

 

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4.0 Broadcasting system

4.1 Financial review

This pie chart shows the television, radio, and BDU revenues as a percentage of total broadcasting revenues in 2012. Television: 39%; Radio: 10%; BDU: 52%; broadcasting revenues: $16.8 billion.

Overview

In 2012, the Canadian broadcasting system was dominated by five large companies that, collectively, with their affiliates, accounted for over 81% of the total Canadian broadcasting revenues ($16.8 billion). The remaining entities were smaller companies, which combined for annual revenues of less than $3.2 billion.

In 2012, companies operating in all five sectors of the broadcasting system (i.e., radio, television, BDU, speciality and VOD, and pay and PPV) accounted for approximately 66% of Canadian broadcasting revenues. Companies operating in only one market accounted for 7% of revenues.

Who are the five large companies?

The five large companies are Astral, Bell, Quebecor, Rogers and Shaw.

This section presents an overview of the financial performance of Canadian broadcasting entities and examines a number of financial indicators, such as revenues over a five-year period, from which market trends can be displayed. It also examines some of the characteristics of the industry as regards ownership.

Broadcasting at a glance
  2011 2012 %
Growth
Revenues
($ millions )
Broadcasting 16,605 16,829 1.4%
Radio 1,613 1,620 0.4%
Television 6,392# 6,514 1.9%
BDU1,2  8,600# 8,696 1.1%
PBIT
($ millions)
Radio 312 323 3.7%
Television 1,086 939 -13.5%
EBITDA ($ millions) BDU1,2  1,927 2,005 4.1%
  1. BDU revenues include non-reporting BDU revenues, but exclude exempt and non-programming services. The EBITDA of the BDUs represents only basic and non-basic services.
  2. Internet and telephony services are excluded. These services are discussed in section 5 of this report.

Source: CRTC data collection

Statistical Information – Broadcasting industry

a) Industry revenues

Table 4.1.1 Broadcasting revenues ($ millions)
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR
2008-2012
Radio AM 331 306 307 311 306 -1.9 %
Percentage growth 0.4 -7.4 0.4 1.2 -1.6  
FM 1,260 1,201 1,244 1,302 1,314 1.0 %
Percentage growth 7.5 -4.7 3.6 4.6 0.9  
Radio total 1,591 1,508 1,552 1,613 1,620 0.4 %
Percentage growth 5.9 -5.2 2.9 3.9 0.4  
Television CBC conventional television1  412 392 450 500 508 5.4 %
Percentage growth 15.7 -4.9 14.8 11.1 1.6  
Private conventional television 2,138 1,971 2,142# 2,144# 2,038 -1.2 %
Percentage growth -1.5 -7.8 8.7 0.1 -5.0  
Pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty service 2,929 3,121# 3,475# 3,748# 3,968 7.9 %
Percentage growth 7.3 6.5 11.3 7.9 5.9  
Television total 5,480 5,484 6,067 6,392 6,514 4.4 %
Percentage growth 4.3 0.1 10.6 5.4 1.9  
BDU Cable and IPTV 4,762 5,123 5,610# 5,923# 6,058 6.2 %
Percentage growth 9.9 7.6 9.5 5.6 2.3  
DTH/MDS undertakings 2,036 2,196 2,385 2,532 2,492 5.2 %
Percentage growth 11.0 7.8 8.6 6.2 -1.6  
Non-reporting BDUs 116 122# 136# 145# 145 5.8 %
Percentage growth -13.9 5.4 12.0 6.4 0.0  
BDU Total 6,914 7,440 8,132 8,600 8,696 5.9 %
Percentage growth 9.7 7.6 9.3 5.8 1.1  
Broadcasting Total 13,987 14,432 15,751 16,605 16,829 4.7 %
Percentage growth 7.1 3.2 9.1 5.4 1.4  

1. CBC revenues include advertising and other commercial revenues. Parliamentary appropriations are excluded.

Source: CRTC data collection

b) Industry characteristics

Table 4.1.2 Percentage of broadcasting revenues generated by companies operating in multiple sectors
Number of sectors in which companies offer service Number of reporting companies operating in these sectors Percentage of broadcasting revenues generated in these sectors
  2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012
5 3 3 3 69 68 66
4 2 2 2 15 15 15
3 1 3 2 0 5 5
2 17 15 16 10 7 8
1 166 170 171 6 6 7
  1. Number of markets includes radio, television, BDU, specialty and VOD, and pay and PPV.
  2. Affiliates are included with their parent company.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.1 Broadcasting revenues for the top 5 company groups, the next 5 company groups, and the remaining company groups

This pie chart shows broadcasting revenues for the top 5 group of companies, the next top 5 group and the remaining companies for 2010, 2011 and 2012. Top 5 companies: 79 %, 82% and 81%; Next 5 companies: 9 %, 10% and 11%; Remaining companies: 12 %, 8% and 8%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.2 Commercial radio revenues, by broadcaster, 2012

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of total 2012 revenues achieved by the largest commercial radio broadcasters. Astral Media: 20%, Corus: 11%, BCE: 10%, Newcap: 7%, Rogers: 14%, Cogeco: 7% and other broadcasters: 31%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.3 Commercial television revenues, by broadcaster, 2012

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of total 2012 revenues achieved by the largest OTA conventional, Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty television broadcasters. Quebecor Media: 6%, Shaw: 16%, Corus: 7%, Astral: 7%, Rogers: 11%, BCE: 29%, CBC: 10%, Remstar: 1% and other broadcasters: 13%.

  1. In the determination of the top 5, Shaw and Corus were combined.
  2. Based on advertising, subscriber and other commercial revenues only, and does not include parliamentary appropriations. 

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.4 BDU revenues by operator, 2012

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of total 2012 revenues achieved by the top five broadcasting distribution operators. Top five operators are BCE, Cogeco, Rogers, Shaw, Videotron (Quebecor) achieved 88% and all remaining operators 12% of total revenues.

Source: CRTC data collection

c) Financial performance

Figure 4.1.5 Total broadcasting revenues and PBIT/EBITDA margins

This line clustered column chart on two axes shows broadcasting revenues, in billions of dollars, by sector for each year between 2008 and 2012. Commercial radio: 1.6, 1.5, 1.6, 1.6 and 1.6; Total commercial television: 5.1, 5.1, 5.6, 5.9 and 6.0; CBC OTA television commercial, excluding government funding: 0.4, 0.4, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5; BDU programming revenues, including non-reporting BDU: 6.9, 7.4, 8.1, 8.6 and 8.7; Combined revenues: 14.0, 14.4, 15.7, 16.6 and 16.8. This chart also sets out the EBITDA margins achieved by BDUs and the PBIT margins achieved by commercial radio and television broadcasting sectors over the same time period: BDU EBITDA margins, based on programming services only: 25.3%, 24.3%, 25.1%, 22.8% and 23.4%; commercial radio PBIT margins: 21.1%, 18.0%, 19.2%, 19.3% and 19.9%; commercial television PBIT margins: 12.9%, 12.0%, 16.0%, 18.5% and 15.7%.

1. BDU revenues include non-reporting BDU revenues, but exclude exempt and non-programming services. BDU EBITDA represents only basic and non-basic services.

Source: CRTC data collection

4.2 Radio market sector

This pie chart shows percentage of Radio revenues as a proportion of all broadcasting revenues in 2012. Radio revenues were 10% of all broadcasting revenues which were $16.8 billion.

Overview

Canadians have access to a wide variety of musical choices, news platforms and discussion forums with the availability of nearly 1,200 radio and audio services. Approximately 99% are available over the air, while the remaining 1% are subscription based.  Canada’s national broadcaster, the CBC, accounts for nearly 8% of all radio and audio services, while the private commercial broadcasters account for 61%. The remaining 30% consists of religious, community, campus, Aboriginal, and other radio and audio services.

This section presents radio market sector details, audience measurement and financial results by service type, language and ownership group.

Radio sector at a glance
  2011 2012 % Growth
 Number of radio and audio services in Canada 1,183 1,156 -2.3
English-language 896 878 -2.0
French-language 251 246 -2.0
Third-language 36 32 -11.1
 Total number of private commercial radio and audio services in Canada 733 708 -3.4
English-language share 81% 82%  
French-language share 15% 15%  
 Total commercial radio revenues ($ millions) 1,614# 1,620 0.4
English-language share 81% 81%  
French-language share 16% 16%  
 Largest private commercial radio operators (% of total revenues)
English-language market  - top 5 69% 69%  
French-language market   - top 2 42% 42%  
 Private commercial broadcasters PBIT ($ millions) 312# 323 3.7
English-language broadcasters 270# 278 2.8
French-language broadcasters 37 40 7.9

Source: CRTC data collection

Statistical Information – Radio market sector

a) Radio services available and/or authorized to broadcast

Table 4.2.1 Number and type of radio and audio services authorized to broadcast in Canada
  English Language1 French Language2 Third Language All Languages
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
Over-the-air radio services3
National public broadcaster
CBC Radio One / Première chaine4  36 37 20 20     56 57
CBC Radio 2 / Espace Musique 14 14 12 12     26 26
CBC Radio network licences 2 2 2 2     4 4
Private Commercial
AM stations 115 112 9 9 12 12 136 133
FM stations4  456 466 94 93 13 15 563 574
AM and FM network licenses6      1 1     1 1
 Digital radio (stand-alone and transitional)7  24   4   5   33 0
Religious (music and spoken word)8 50 47 24 24     74 71
Community
Type A stations9  12 15 35 35     47 50
Type B stations 34 35 33 32 1 1 68 68
Developmental 8 3         8 3
Campus
Community-based 35 36 5 5     40 41
Instructional 9 8         9 8
Developmental             0 0
Aboriginal stations9 41 47 10 10     51 57
Other (tourist/traffic, Environment Canada,   special event, other network licences, etc.) 50 46 2 2     52 48
Total number of over-the-air Canadian radio services 886 868 251 245 31 28 1,168 1,141
Multi-channel subscription radio services & Audio services delivered by BDUs
Satellite subscription radio service 2 2         2 2
Specialty audio (commercial / non-profit, regional / national) 6 6   1 5 4 11 11
Pay audio (English and French national services) 2 2         2 2
Total number of Canadian radio and audio services 896 878 251 246 36 32 1,183 1,156
  1. English-language includes bilingual (English and French) and English-native services.
  2. Includes French-native services.
  3. Over-the-air radio services exclude radiocommunication distribution undertakings (RDU), rebroadcasters and exempted radio services.
  4. Approval of a new FM radio station, resulting from an AM to FM band conversion, will result in the station counted as both an AM and an FM station until the AM licence is surrendered by the licensee - roughly three months after AM and FM simulcast transition period.
  5. The CBC requested the revocation of its broadcasting licences for its transitional digital radio undertakings. 
  6. Most commercial network licences previously noted here fall under Broadcasting Public Notice 2006-143 and have since been revoked as per the licensee’s request.
  7. The Commission did not renew terrestrial L-band digital radio licences beyond 31 August 2012.
  8. Religious (music and spoken word) includes commercial and not-for-profit religious radio stations.
  9. Community Type A stations and aboriginal Type B stations excludes network licences.

Source: CRTC internal database

Table 4.2.2 Number of new over-the-air radio stations approved
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total
Number of new over-the-air radio stations approved 43 37 16 30 28 154
 
Number of stations approved by: 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total
Language English-language 40 32 16 27 26 141
French-language 2 5 0 2 1 10
Ethnic 1 0 0 1 1 3
Licence category Commercial 34 21 11 11 18 95
Community 6 11 2 9 5 33
Campus - - - - - -
Native 2 1 1 7 3 14
Other 1 4 2 3 2 12
Type Stand-alone digital - - - - - -
Digital Radio - - - - - -
AM Frequency - 1 - 2 - 3
FM Frequency 43 36 16 28 28 151
AM to FM Conversions (included in FM) 7 8 4 1 2 22
Process Competitive 23 8 1 1 7 40
Non-Competitive 20 29 15 29 21 114

Source: CRTC Decisions issued from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2012.

Figure 4.2.1 Type of radio and audio services authorized to broadcast in Canada, 2012

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage representation of the types of radio and audio services in relation to the total: Aboriginal: 4.9%; Other: 4.2%; Satellite, Multi-Channel and audio via BDUs: 1.3%; CBC/SRC: 7.5%; Private Commercial: 61.2%; Religious: 6.1%; Community: 10.5%; and Campus: 4.2%.

Source: CRTC data collection

b) Audience measurement

Table 4.2.3 Average weekly hours tuned per capita by age group for all Canada
Weekly hours per age group 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
      Diary PPM Diary PPM
All persons 12+ 18.3 17.7 17.6 17.7 8.3 17.5 7.1
Annual Growth 0.0% -3.2% -0.6% - - -1.1% -14.5%
Teens 12 – 17 7.2 6.8 7.0 7.3 4.0 6.9 3.7
Annual Growth 0.0% -6.2% 3.0% - - -5.5% -7.5%
Adult 18 – 24 13.1 12.0 11.9 12.5 5.8 12.5 5.0
Annual Growth -1.5% -8.0% -1.0% - - 0.0% -13.8%
25 – 34 17.3 16.6 15.8 16.8 6.5 16.6 5.8
Annual Growth -0.6% -4.1% -4.6% - - -1.2% -10.8%
35 – 49 19.9 19.2 19.1 19.8 8.2 19.3 7.8
Annual Growth -1.5% -3.2% -0.4% - - -2.5% -4.9%
50 – 54 21.5 20.6 21.0 21.3 9.5 20.9 8.8
Annual Growth 1.4% -3.9% 1.6% - - -1.9% -7.4%
55 – 64 21.1 20.8 20.8 20.0 9.5 19.9 7.6
Annual Growth 0.0% -1.4% 0.4% - - -0.5% -20.0%
65 + 21.6 21.0 20.7 19.4 12.0 19.1 9.1
Annual Growth 0.5% -2.9% -1.1% - - -1.5% -24.2%

Sources:

Table 4.2.4 Radio tuning share in an average week and average weekly hours tuned by listener for English- and French-language AM and FM bands
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Percentage of Hours Tuned (%)       Diary PPM Diary PPM
English-language AM 18.7 17.7 17.4 15.7 21.8 14.7 21.2
English-language FM 54.0 54.9 55.3 57.0 55.0 57.5 54.3
Subtotal 72.7 72.6 72.6 72.7 76.8 72.2 75.5
Annual Growth -1.6% -0.1% 0.0% - - -0.7% -1.7%
French-language AM 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
French-language FM 19.9 19.6 20.0 20.3 22.8 21.3 24.1
Subtotal 20.8 20.7 20.8 20.5 22.9 21.4 24.2
Annual Growth 6.1% -0.5% 0.5% - - 4.4% 5.7%
Other 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.9 0.2 6.4 0.3
Annual Growth 0.0% 3.1% -1.5% - -       -7.2% 50.0%
Average weekly hours per listener 20.0 19.5 19.4 19.9 9.9 19.6 9.8
Annual Growth -1.0% -2.5% -0.5% - - -1.5% -1.0%
Total average national hours (millions) 530.6 525.1 515.7 303.8 164.5 303.9 166.5
Annual Growth 1.8% -1.0% -1.8% - - 0.0% 1.2%

Sources:

Figure 4.2.2 Radio tuning by station type in diary markets

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of hours tuned in an average week to over-the-air radio and audio services, BBM Fall 2012: Private commercial: 77.1%; CBC/SRC: 13.4%; Community and Campus: 2.6%; Ethnic and Native: 0.3%; Other: 1.0%; United-States: 2.8%; and Audio Services: 2.8%.

Sources: BBM Canada – Fall 2012 Radio Diary Surveys for all persons 12+, Monday to Sunday, 5 a.m. to 1 a.m (Total Diary Canada); and CRTC data collection.

Table 4.2.5 Fall tuning achieved by largest English- and French-language private commercial radio operators in Canada
Listening hours (thousands) per Corporation 2010 2011 2012
PPM Diary PPM Diary PPM Diary
English-language radio operators
Astral 29,381 20,367 27,924 20,001 27,530 18,848
Share 31% 22% 30% 22% 32% 21%
BCE 13,250 16,815 13,287 14,455 12,355 14,177
Share 14% 18% 14% 16% 14% 16%
Cogeco N/A N/A 2,746 N/A 2,358 N/A
Share     3%   3%  
Corus 26,616 18,671 23,535 18,254 20,873 16,132
Share 28% 20% 25% 20% 24% 18%
Newcap 3,727 19,598 4,079 19,651 3,204 19,542
Share 4% 21% 4% 22% 4% 22%
Rogers 21,888 19,091 22,652 18,341 21,471 20,249
Share 23% 20% 24% 20% 25% 23%
Subtotal 94,862 94,541 94,223 90,701 85,433 88,948
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
French-language radio operators
Astral 9,373 17,353 9,819 17,688 8,813 17,259
Share 32% 63% 33% 65% 29% 69%
Cogeco 7,359 3,816 20,221 9,533# 21,413 7,689
Share 25% 14% 67% 35% 71% 31%
Corus 12,868 6,450 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Share 43% 23%        
Subtotal 29,600 27,619 30,040 27,221# 30,225 24,948
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Total
Astral 38,754 37,720 37,743 37,689 36,342 36,107
Share 31% 31% 30% 32%  31%  32%
BCE 13,250 16,815 13,287 14,455 12,355 14,177
Share 11% 14%      11% 12%  10%  12%
Cogeco 7,359 3,816 22,967 9,533# 23,771 7,689
Share 6% 3% 18% 8%  20% 7%
Corus 39,484 25,121 23,535 18,254 20,873 16,132
Share 32% 21% 19% 15%  18%  14%
Newcap 3,727 19,598 4,079 19,651 3,204 19,542
Share 3% 16% 3% 17%  3%  17%
Rogers 21,888 19,091 22,652 18,341 21,471 20,249
Share 18% 16% 18% 16%  18%  18%
Total  124,462
100%
122,160
100%
124,263
100%
117,923#
100%
118,018
100%
113,896
100%

Sources:

Figure 4.2.3 Radio tuning shares - English-language station formats in diary markets

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian English-language radio stations by format in diary markets. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats. The information used is based on BBM Fall 2012 data and excludes tuning to ethnic, bilingual and U.S. stations. Data excludes PPM meter service stations reported by BBM Canada on an individual basis in designated PPM markets.  This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as English-language by the CRTC. Adult Contemporary: 106 stations, 11.5%; Community, Campus, Travel, Tourism: 87 stations, 1.3%; Classic Rock: 28 stations, 4.6%; Gold/Oldies: 12 stations, 1.6%; News/Talk: 40 stations, 8.2%; Hot Adult Contemporary: 78 stations, 10.5%; CBC Radio One: 26 stations, 11.7%; AOR, Mainstream Rock: 52 stations, 8.6%; Mainstream Top 40/CHR: 35 stations, 7.1%; Classic Hits: 68 stations, 8.4%; CBC Radio Two: 17 stations, 2.3%; Country: 109 stations, 17.1%; Adult Standards: 1 station, 0.9%; Adult Album Alternative: 5 stations, 0.3%;  Classical/Fine Arts: 2 stations, 0.5%; Jazz:  1 station, 0.2%; Modern Alternative Rock:  10 stations, 2.5%; and Other commercial formats: 102 stations, 2.8%.

Source: BBM Canada Fall 2012 Radio Diary Survey for all persons 12+, Monday to Sunday, 5 a.m. to 1 a.m. (Total Diary Canada) and CRTC data collection. This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as English-language by the CRTC.

Figure 4.2.4 Radio tuning shares - French-language station formats in diary markets

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian French-Language radio stations by format. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats. The information used is based on BBM Fall 2012 data and excludes tuning to ethnic, bilingual and U.S. stations.  Data excludes PPM meter service stations reported by BBM Canada on an individual basis in designated PPM markets.  This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as French-language by the CRTC.  Adult Contemporary: 37 stations, 25.6%, Classical Fine Arts: 2 stations, 1.4%; Espace Musique: 11 stations, 4.0%; News/Talk: 9 stations, 12.3%; Community, Campus, Travel, Tourism: 63 stations, 7.5%; Classic Rock: 3 station, 4.5%; Gold/Oldies: 3 stations, 0.9%; Mainstream Top 40/CHR: 17 stations, 20.5%; Hot Adult Contemporary: 14 stations, 5.1%; Modern, Alternative Rock: 1 station, 1.1%; Première Chaîne: 18 stations, 11.6%; Other commercial formats: 7 stations, 1.5%; Country: 2 stations, 0.1%; Classic Hits: 3 stations, 3.3%; AOR/Mainstream Rock: 3 stations, 0.6%.

Source: BBM Canada Fall 2012 Radio Diary Survey for all persons 12+, Monday to Sunday, 5 a.m. to 1 a.m. (Total Diary Canada) and CRTC data collection. This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as French-language by the CRTC.

Figure 4.2.5 Radio tuning shares - English-language station formats in PPM markets

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian English-language radio stations by format in PPM markets. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats. The information used is based on BBM 2012 PPM data, weeks 1-13 (27 August to 25 November) and excludes tuning to ethnic, bilingual and U.S. stations.  PPM data includes only PPM meter service stations reported by BBM Canada on an individual basis in designated PPM markets.  All remaining stations, including diary spill stations, are included in the diary data. This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as English-language by the CRTC. Adult Contemporary: 8 stations, 12.8%; Classic Rock: 4 stations, 6.0%; News/Talk: 11 stations, 16.4%; Hot Adult Contemporary: 4 stations, 10.2%; CBC Radio One: 5 stations, 11.6%; AOR/Mainstream Rock: 4 stations, 5.0%; Classic Hits: 7 stations, 7.6%; CBC Radio Two: 5 stations, 2.8%; Country: 4 stations, 4.0%; Adult Standards: 2 stations, 2.8%; Adult Album Alternative: 1 station, 0.3%;  Classical: 1 station, 2.0%; Jazz: 1 station, 0.8%; Modern/Alternative Rock: 4 stations, 4.4%;  Contemporary Hit Radio:  10 stations, 9.8%; and Sports/Talk: 7 stations, 3.4%.

Source: 2012 BBM Canada, PPM weeks 1-13 (27 August to 25 November, inclusive), all Persons 12+, Monday to Sunday, 2 a.m. to 2 a.m; (Total Canada) and CRTC data collection. This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as English-language by the CRTC.  

Figure 4.2.6 Radio tuning shares - French-language station formats in PPM markets

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian French-language radio stations by format in PPM markets. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats. The information used is based on BBM 2012 PPM data, weeks 1-13 (27 August to 25 November) and excludes tuning to ethnic, bilingual and U.S. stations.  PPM data includes only PPM meter service stations reported by BBM Canada on an individual basis in designated PPM markets.  All remaining stations, including diary spill stations, are included in the diary data. This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as French-language by the CRTC. Adult Contemporary: 2 stations, 31.8%; News/Talk: 1 station, 26.2%; Hot Adult Contemporary: 1 station, 9.7%; Première Chaîne: 4 stations, 11.5%; Espace Musique: 4 stations, 2.7%; Classical: 1 station, 6.1%; Jazz:  1 station, 0.8%; Traffic: 1 station, 0.4%;  and Contemporary Hit Radio:  1 station, 10.6%.

Source: 2012 BBM Canada, PPM weeks 1-13 (27 August to 25 November, inclusive), all Persons 12+, Monday to Sunday, 2 a.m. to 2 a.m. (Total Canada); and CRTC data collection. This analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as French-language by the CRTC.

c) Financial performance

Table 4.2.6 Revenues and number of undertakings reporting financial results for private commercial radio stations – English- and French-language, and Ethnic
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 % growth
2011-2012
CAGR
2008-2012
Revenues ($ millions)
  AM English-language 295.5 271.9 272.1 274.9 274.9 0.0 -1.8%
  AM French-language 12.6 11.6 11.2 11.7 6.1 -47.6 -16.4%
  AM Ethnic 22.6 22.7 24.0 24.4 25.2 3.1 2.8%
  AM Total 330.7 306.2 307.3 311.1 306.2   -1.9%
Annual Growth 0.4% -7.4% 0.4% 1.2% -1.6%    
  FM English-language 1,021.0 958.8 987.3 1,035.3 1,042.1 0.7 0.5%
  FM French-language 225.3 226.8 239.9 246.7 251.8 1.7 2.8%
  FM Ethnic 16.8 16.2 17.9 19.8 20.2 1.9 4.8%
  FM Total 1,263.0 1,201.8 1,244.7 1,301.6 1,314.1   1.0%
Annual Growth 7.6% -4.9% 3.6% 4.6% 0.9%    
 Total revenues 1,593.7 1,508.0 1,552.4 1,613.8 1,620.3 0.4 0.4%
Number of undertakings reporting financial results
  AM English-language 136 129 120 115 111 -3.5 -5.0%
  AM French-language 10 9 9 7 6 -14.3 -12.0%
  AM Ethnic 11 12 12 12 12 0.0 2.2%
  AM total 157 150 141 134 129   -4.8%
Annual Growth -8.2% -4.5% -6.0% -5.0% -3.7%    
  FM English-language 380 401 419 435 444 2.1 4.0%
  FM French-language 87 90 87 89 90 1.1 0.9%
  FM Ethnic 9 10 10 11 12 9.1 7.5%
  FM total 476 501 516 535 546   3.5%
Annual Growth 6.7% 5.3% 3.2% 3.7% 2.1%    
Total number of undertakings reporting 633 651 657 669 675 0.9 1.6%

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.2.7 Revenues – CBC radio
Revenues ($ thousands) 2010 2011 2012
Advertising revenues 0 0 0
Annual growth - - -
Parliamentary appropriation 346,548 327,267 316,508
Annual growth - -5.6% -3.3%
Sales/Syndication of programs  893 859 952
Annual growth 114.1% -3.9% 10.9%
Miscellaneous 10,856 8,803 8,432
Annual growth - -18.9% -4.2%
Total revenues 358,298 336,928 325,892
Annual growth -13.7% -6.0% -3.3%
Number of units 82 82 82

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.7 Revenues - Private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations’ revenues: 331, 306, 307, 311, and 306; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 157,150, 141, 134, and 129; FM radio stations revenues: 1,263, 1,202, 1,245, 1,302, and 1,314; Number of FM undertakings reporting:  476, 501, 516, 535, and 546; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 1,594, 1,508, 1,552, 1,614 and 1,620; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 633, 651, 657, 669, and 675. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 79.2%, 79.7%, 80.2%, 80.7% and, 81.1% and FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 75.2%, 77.0%, 78.5%, 80.0%, and, 80.9%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.8 Average annual revenues and PBIT per station – Private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the average annual revenue and PBIT per station, in millions of dollars, of Canadian private commercial radio for each year from 2008 to 2012. Average annual revenues per station:  AM stations: 2.1, 2.0, 2.2, 2.2 and 2.3; FM stations: 2.7, 2.4, 2.4, 2.5, and 2.5; AM and FM combined:  2.5, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, and 2.4.  Average PBIT per station: AM stations: 0.17, 0.14, 0.21, 0.24 and 0.25; FM stations: 0.7, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5, and 0.5; AM and FM combined: 0.5, 0.4, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.9 PBIT and PBIT margin – Private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: 26.2, 20.5, 30.2, 32.0, and 32.6,  and AM PBIT margin: 7.9%, 6.7%, 9.8%, 10.3%, and 10.7%. PBIT FM radio stations: 311.7, 251.3, 268.7, 279.5 and 290.4; and FM PBIT margin: 24.7%, 20.9%, 21.6%, 21.5% and 22.1%. PBIT for Total AM and FM radio stations: 337.9, 271.9, 298.9, 311.5 and 323.0, and AM and FM PBIT margin: 21.2%, 18.0%, 19.3%, 19.3% and 19.9%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.10 Revenues – English-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of English-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations revenues: 296, 272, 272, 275 and 275; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 136, 129, 120, 115 and 111; FM radio stations revenues:  1,021, 959, 987, 1,035 and 1,042; Number of FM undertakings reporting: 380, 401, 419, 435 and 444; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 1,316, 1,230, 1,259,1,310 and 1,317; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 516, 530, 539, 550 and 555. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 77.6%, 78.0%, 78.4%, 79.0% and 79.1%; and FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 73.6%, 75.7%, 77.7%, 79.1%, and 80.0%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.11 Average annual revenues and PBIT per station – English-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the AM, FM, and AM and FM combined revenues per station with revenues, in millions of dollars, of English-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis depicts PBIT for AM, FM and AM and FM combined per station. AM radio stations revenues per station: 2.2, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.5; FM radio stations revenues per station: 2.7, 2.4, 2.4, 2.4 and 2.3. Total radio AM and FM revenues per station: 2.6, 2.3, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.4. The second axis depicts the PBIT information in millions of dollars. PBIT per station for AM: 0.2, 0.2, 0.3, 0.3 and 0.3. PBIT per station for FM: 0.7, 0.5, 0.5, 0.6 and 0.6. PBIT per station for AM and FM: 0.6, 0.4, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.12 PBIT and PBIT margin – English-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of English-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: 30.6, 23.8, 30.7  30.8 and 30.3; and AM PBIT margin: 10.3%, 8.8%, 11.3%, 11.2%, and 11.0%. PBIT FM radio stations: 272.0, 210.5, 222.0, 239.3, and 247.5; and FM PBIT margin: 26.6%, 22.0%, 22.5%, 23.1% and 23.8%.  Total AM and FM radio stations: 303.0, 234.3, 252.8, 270.1 and 277.7; and AM and FM PBIT margin: 23.0%, 19.0%, 20.1%, 20.6% and 21.1%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.13 Revenues – French-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of French-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations revenues: 13, 12, 11, 12 and 6; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 10, 9, 9, 7 and 6; FM radio stations revenues: 225, 227, 240, 247 and 252; Number of FM undertakings reporting: 87, 90, 87, 89 and 90; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 238, 238, 251, 258 and 258; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 97, 99, 96, 96, and 96. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 94.5%, 95.4%, 95.6%, 95.5% and 97.6%; FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 89.7%, 90.9%, 90.6%, 92.7% and 93.8%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.14 Average annual revenues and PBIT per station – French-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the AM, FM, and AM and FM combined revenues per station with revenues, in millions of dollars, of French-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis depicts PBIT for AM, FM and AM and FM combined per station. AM radio stations revenues per station: 1.3, 1.3, 1.2, 1.7 and 1.0; FM radio stations revenues per station: 2.6, 2.5, 2.8, 2.8, and 2.8. Total radio AM and FM revenues per station: 2.5, 2.4, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.7. The second axis depicts the PBIT information in millions of dollars. PBIT per station for AM: -0.5,-0.4, -0.2, 0.0 and 0.0. PBIT per station for FM: 0.4, 0.4, 0.5, 0.4 and 0.4. PBIT per station for AM and FM: 0.3, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4 and 0.4.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.15 PBIT and PBIT margin – French-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of French-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: -4.5, -3.8, -1.7, -0.3 and 0.2; AM PBIT margin: -34.6%, -31.7%, -15.5%, -2.6% and 3.3%. PBIT FM radio stations: 37.8, 39.2, 43.8, 37.1 and 39.5; FM PBIT margin: 16.8%, 17.3%, 18.3%, 15.0% and 15.7%.  Total AM and FM radio stations: 33.2, 35.4, 42.0, 36.8 and 39.7; AM and FM PBIT margin: 14.0%, 14.9%, 16.7%, 14.2% and 15.4%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.16 Revenues – Ethnic private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of Ethnic private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations revenues: 23, 23, 24, 24 and 25; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 11, 12, 12, 12 and 12; FM radio stations revenues: 17, 16, 18, 20 and 20; Number of FM undertakings reporting: 9, 10, 10, 11 and 12; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 39, 39, 42, 44 and 45; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting:  20, 22, 22, 23 and 24. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 43.6%, 41.0%, 42.9%, 44.8% and 44.0%; FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 45.0%, 45.5%, 45.5%, 47.8% and 50.0%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.17 Average annual revenues and PBIT per station– Ethnic private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the AM, FM, and AM and FM combined revenues per station with revenues, in millions of dollars, of Ethnic private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis depicts PBIT for AM, FM and AM and FM combined per station. AM radio stations revenues per station: 2.1, 1.9, 2.0, 2.0 and 2.1; FM radio stations revenues per station: 1.9, 1.6, 1.8, 1.8 and 1.7. Total radio AM and FM revenues per station: 2.0, 1.8, 1.9, 1.9 and 1.9. The second axis depicts the PBIT information in millions of dollars. PBIT per station for AM: 0.0, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1 and 0.2. PBIT per station for FM: 0.2, 0.2, 0.3, 0.3, and 0.3. PBIT per station for AM and FM: 0.1, 0.1, 0.2, 0.2 and 0.2.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.18 PBIT and PBIT margin Ethnic private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of Ethnic private commercial radio stations from 2008 to 2012. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: 0.1, 0.6, 1.2, 1.5 and 2.1; and AM PBIT margin: 0.6%, 2.6%, 5.1%, 6.2% and 8.4%.  PBIT FM radio stations: 1.5, 1.6, 2.8, 3.1 and 3.4; FM PBIT margin: 8.8%, 10.0%, 15.6%, 15.7% and 17.2%.  Total AM and FM radio stations: 1.7, 2.2, 4.0, 4.6 and 5.5; and AM and FM PBIT margin: 4.7%, 5.6%, 9.5%, 10.4% and 12.2%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.2.8 English-language and French-language radio revenues and number of undertakings reporting for the largest radio operators in Canada
Corporation Revenues ($ thousands) Number of radio undertakings reporting Share of national revenue
2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012
Largest private radio operators
Astral1  326,494 332,711 330,488 82 84 84 21% 21% 20%
Corus2  248,052 184,189 181,518 52 37 37 16% 11% 11%
Rogers 204,351 220,814 225,084 52 54 55 13% 14% 14%
BCE 161,157 160,464 157,219 34 33# 33 10% 10% 10%
Newcap3  105,476 113,646 116,689 59 60 60 7% 7% 7%
Cogeco4  N/A  113,585  106,533 N/A 16 13 N/A 7% 7%
Total largest private radio operators 1,045,530 1,125,409 1,117,531 279 286 284 67% 70% 69%
Total private radio operators 1,552,444# 1,613,825# 1,620,316 657 669 675 100% 100% 100%
Largest English-language radio operators
Astral1  216,768 223,718 221,826 61 63 65 17% 17% 17%
Rogers 204,351 220,814 225,084 52 54 55 16% 17% 17%
Corus 192,575 184,189 181,518 40 37 37 15% 14%# 14%
BCE 161,157 160,464 157,219 34 33# 33 13% 12% 12%
Newcap3  105,476 113,646 116,689 59 60 60 8% 9% 9%
Total English-language largest private radio operators 880,327 902,831 902,336 246 249 250 70% 69% 69%
Total English-language private radio operators 1,259,423# 1,310,226# 1,316,992 539 550 555 100% 100% 100%
Largest French-language radio corporations
Astral 109,726 108,993 108,662 21 21 21 44% 42% 42%
Corus2  55,478 N/A N/A 12 N/A N/A 22% N/A N/A
Cogeco4  41,780 N/A N/A 5 N/A N/A 17% N/A N/A
Total French-language largest private radio operators 206,984 108,993 108,662 38 21 21 82% 42% 42%
Total French-language private radio operators 251,139 259,366# 257,940 96 96 96 100% 100% 100%
  1. Astral’s 2010 results reflect the launch of CJOT-FM Ottawa and 2012 results reflect the purchase of CHHR-FM Vancouver.
  2. Corus’ 2011 results reflect the sale of its Quebec radio stations as approved in Broadcasting Decision 2010-942.
  3. Newcap’s 2010 results reflect the sale of CKTG-FM and CJUK-FM Thunder Bay to Northwoods Broadcasting Limited, as approved in Broadcasting Decision 2009-746. Newcap’s 2012 results reflect the purchase of CIGV-FM Penticton and CKKO-FM Kelowna and the sale of CHNK-FM Winnipeg and CKJS Winnipeg.
  4. Cogeco’s 2011 results reflect the purchase of several of Corus’ Quebec radio stations as approved in Broadcasting Decision 2010-942. Cogeco has been removed from the “Largest French-language radio corporations” category and included in the “Largest private radio operators” category due to residual disclosure issues. Cogeco’s 2012 results reflect the sale of CFEL-FM and CJEC-FM Québec and the closure of CJTS-FM Sherbrooke.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.2.9 Revenues for Type B Native, community, and campus radio stations
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Native Type B radio stations
Number of radio undertakings reporting 23 28 28 23 23
Revenues ($ thousands)
Advertising 4,170 4,989 5,445 3,704 3,738
Other1  6,817 11,137 11,396 11,377 7,069
Total revenues 10,987 16,125 16,841 15,080 10,806
Other as a percent of total revenues 62.0% 69.1% 67.7% 75.4% 65.4%
PBIT margin 9.1% 13.9% 10.8% 5.9% -3.3%
Community radio stations
Number of radio undertakings reporting 83 84 90 99 98
Revenues ($ thousands)
Advertising 11,791 12,217 13,784 15,196 15,125
Other2  12,263 12,005 13,297 14,903 14,595
Total revenues 24,055 24,222 27,081 30,099 29,720
Other as a percent of total revenues 51.0% 49.6% 49.1% 49.5% 49.1%
PBIT margin 7.8% 6.7% 8.1% 10.6% 4.9%
Campus radio stations
Number of radio undertakings reporting 42 45 44 47 47
Revenues ($ thousands)
Advertising 1,240 1,059 1,196 1,082 1,004
Other3  6,922 7,289 6,907 7,398 7,756
Total revenues 8,162 8,348 8,103 8,480 8,759
Other as a percent of total revenues 84.8% 87.3% 85.2% 87.2% 88.5%
PBIT margin 5.0% 9.8% 10.6% 20.7% 10.9%

Note: 2008 to 2011 figures have been restated.

  1. Native Type B ‘other’ revenues include government and band council grants and contributions from other sources
  2. Community radio ‘other’ revenues include fundraising, grants and other sources
  3. Campus radio ‘other’ revenues include fees, fundraising and grants

Source: CRTC data collection

4.3 Television market sector

This pie chart shows percentage of television revenues as a proportion of all broadcasting revenues in 2012.  Television revenues were 39% of all broadcasting revenues, which were $16.8 billion.

Overview

The Canadian television system offers over 700 wide-ranging Canadian and non-Canadian services to Canadian households. The television industry includes a number of large ownership groups representing over 90% of television revenues from private conventional television stations and pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services. 

The English-language private conventional television sector includes three major ownership groups: BCE (CTV & CTV Two) with a revenue share of 48%, Shaw (Global) with 27%, and Rogers (Citytv & Omni) with 17%. French-language private conventional television has two major players: Quebecor (TVA) with a revenue share of 71% and Remstar (V) with 20%.  The Canadian television system also includes a national public broadcaster (the CBC) operating in both the English- and French-language markets and a number of provincial public broadcasters, which are generally educational in nature.

This section presents television service details, audience measurement and financial results by service type, language and ownership group. In addition, the final portion of this section focuses on comprehensive programming expenditure information by all service types.   

Television sector at a glance
  2011 2012 % Growth
Number of television services authorized to broadcast in Canada 701# 744 6.0
English-language 438# 468 6.8
French-language 101 141 39.6
Third-language 162 133 -17.9
Revenues ($ millions) 6,392# 6,514 1.9
Private conventional television stations 2,144# 2,038 -4.9
Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services 3,748# 3,968 5.9
CBC conventional 500 508 1.6
PBIT ($ millions)
Private conventional television stations 151.6# 22.9 -84.9
Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services 934# 917 -1.9
Average weekly viewing hours for all Canadians, aged 2+ 28.5 28.2 -1.1
Average weekly viewing percentage (%) of Canadian programs
Canadian English-language services (excluding Quebec Francophone market) 42.0 43.8 4.3
Canadian French-language services (Quebec Francophone market) 64.0 63.2 -1.3
Canadian programming expenditures ($ millions) 2,610 2,861 9.6
Canadian programming expenditures (% of total)
CBC/SRC (conventional) 27.2% 25.6%  
Conventional private television 21.6% 23.1%  
Specialty, Pay, PPV and VOD 48.3% 48.6%  
Other public and not-for-profit conventional television 2.9% 2.7%  

Statistical Information – Television sector

a) Television services available and/or authorized to broadcast

Table 4.3.1 Number and type of television services authorized to broadcast in Canada
  English Language French Language Third language All Languages
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
Canadian conventional OTA1
National public broadcaster (CBC)
Owned and operated 16 14 13 13     29 27
Private commercial2  64 65 20 20 6 6 90 91
Religious3  8 8         8 8
Educational 4 4 3 3     7 7
Aboriginal 4 4         4 4
Canadian specialty, PPV and VOD

Specialty Category A services

 
N/A 41 N/A 14 N/A 5 N/A 60

Specialty Category C services

 
N/A 8 N/A 5 N/A 0 N/A 13

Specialty Category  B services4, 9

 
N/A 81 N/A 39 N/A 9 N/A 129
Pay television services5  9 9 3 2 7 0 19 11
PPV services (DTH and terrestrial) 10 15 1 1     11 16
VOD services6  24 22 1 1     25 23
Other Canadian services
Community channels7  73 80 22 29     95 109
Community program services 10# 10 2 2     12# 12
House of Commons - CPAC 1 1 1 1     2 2
Non-Canadian services8 
Non-Canadian satellite services authorized for distribution in Canada 103 108 9 11 110 113 222 232
Total number of television services 438# 468 101 141 162 133 701# 744
  1. Includes satellite to cable services
  2. Excludes private commercial religious stations
  3. Includes 5 private commercial OTA television stations
  4. Includes only services that have been launched and have filed annual returns with the Commission.
  5. Includes only pay services that have been launched as of 31 December 2012
  6. Number of services approved but not necessarily in operation. Number of services has decreased due to Broadcasting Order 2011-60.
  7. Number of channels reported by BDU licensees as of 31 August 2012. Excludes class 2 and class 3 BDUs.
  8. Carriage of authorized services is at the discretion of the BDU. Refer to Appendix 2 to Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2013-18 for a complete listing of eligible services approved to the end of 31 December 2012. English-language services includes bilingual services.
  9. Beginning this year, pay and specialty services are classified under the newly defined categories A, B and C. The definitions are set out in the Broadcast Distribution Regulations. Comparable data for 2011 is not available; refer to Communications Monitoring Report 2012 for previous year’s data.

Source: CRTC internal database

b) Audience measurement

Table 4.3.2 National average weekly viewing hours, by age group
  2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
All persons 2+ 28.0 28.5 28.2
Annual growth n/a 1.8% -1.1%
Children 2-11 22.4 22.7 22.2
Annual growth n/a 1.3% -2.2%
Teens 12–17 23.0 22.4 22.7
Annual growth n/a -2.6% 1.3%
18+ 29.2 29.8 29.5
Annual growth n/a 2.1% -1.0%
18–34 23.5 23.0 22.8
Annual growth n/a -2.1% -0.9%
18–49 24.3 24.1 23.8
Annual growth n/a -0.8% -1.2%
25–54 25.1 25.4 25.0
Annual growth n/a 1.2% -1.6%

Source: BBM Canada – PPM data

Table 4.3.3 Viewing share of Canadian and non-Canadian services, by language and type of service – All of Canada, excluding the Quebec Francophone market
Viewing share (%) 2008-2009 2009-20101 2010-2011 2011-2012
Canadian services
English-language
CBC 4.9 6.3 6.4 5.5
Private conventional 22.2 26.6 25.0 25.6
Specialty 29.3 36.9 36.0 35.7
Pay 5.1 6.5 6.3 6.2
Digital pay and specialty 4.6 5.9 7.0 7.7
Other services2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Total English-language 68.6 84.5 83.0 82.8
Percent growth -1.7% N/A -1.8% -0.2%
French-language
SRC 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2
Private conventional 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1
Télé-Québec 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other services3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Specialty 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4
Pay 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Digital pay and specialty 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total French-language 1.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
Percent growth -15.0% N/A 0% 0%
Other languages
Private conventional 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.1
Specialty 0.4 1.0 1.2 1.0
Digital 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
APTN 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Total other languages 1.9 2.4 2.6 2.3
Percent Growth 0% N/A 8.3% -11.5%
Community services 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.3
VOD/PPV 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total Canadian services 73.9 87.9 86.7 86.1
Percent Growth -1.9% N/A -1.4% -0.7%
Non-Canadian services
U.S. conventional 10.9 4.7 5.3 5.4
U.S. specialty 9.7 7.3 8.0 8.5
International 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total non-Canadian services 21.0 12.1 13.3 13.9
Percent growth -1.9% N/A 9.9% 4.5%
Miscellaneous 5.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Percent growth 45.7% N/A 0% 0%
Total viewing share 100 100 100 100
Total hours (millions) 650.1 709.3 713.2 720.0
Percent growth 0.9% N/A 0.5% 1.0%
  1. Starting with broadcast year 2009-2010, the data is based on the national PPM panel as Anglo Canada switched to PPM technology on 31 August 2009. Previously the measurement technology for Anglo Canada was Mark II meters (set-top). Some fluctuations in the data may be attributed to this change in methodology.
  2. Canadian, English-language other services includes Access, Knowledge, SCN, TVO, CTS and CJIL
  3. Canadian, French-language other services includes TFO

Source:  BBM Nielsen (2008-09)

BBM Canada – PPM data (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)

Table 4.3.4 Viewing share of Canadian and non-Canadian services, by language and type of service in the Quebec Francophone market
Viewing share (%) 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
Canadian services
French-language
SRC 13.4 12.5 12.9 11.8
Private conventional 33.8 32.9 32.3 32.0
Télé-Québec 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.9
Other services1  0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Specialty 36.1 36.1 35.1 36.4
Pay 3.8 4.1 3.6 3.0
Digital pay and specialty 2.2 3.2 5.1 6.4
Total French-language 93.0 92.0 92.2 92.7
Percent growth -1.0% -1.1% 0.2% 0.5%
English-language
CBC 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
Private conventional 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7
Specialty 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.1
Pay 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Digital pay and specialty 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.6
Total English-language 5.2 6.0 6.0 5.5
Percent growth 23.8% 15.4% 0.0% -8.3%
Other – languages
Private conventional 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Specialty 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Digital 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
APTN 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Total other language 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Community services 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
VOD/PPV 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total Canadian services 98.5 98.4   98.5   98.6
Percent growth 0.0% -0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Non-Canadian services
US conventional 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8
US specialty 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
International 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Total non-Canadian services 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5
Percent growth 7.1% 6.7% -6.3% 0%
Miscellaneous 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total viewing share 100 100 100 100
Total hours (millions) 205.7 217.9 219.5 211.3
Percent growth 1.5% 5.9% 0.7% -3.7%

1. Canadian French-language other services includes TFO

Source: BBM Canada

Table 4.3.5 Average weekly viewing hours of Canadian programs distributed by Canadian English- and French-language television services, by program origin, genre and region
Viewing hours
(millions)
English-language services
All of Canada
excluding Quebec Francophone market
French-language services
Quebec Francophone market
2008-2009 2009-20101 2010-2011 2011-2012 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
News and analysis and interpretation 65.4 80.9 92.7 90.1 68.7 49.9 51.8 47.9
% Canadian 95.0% 95.5% 95.8% 96.4% 99.5% 99.3% 99.2% 99.0%
% of total 17.2% 14.3% 16.3% 15.6% 32.8% 24.6% 25.3% 24.2%
Long-form documentary 21.3 30.0 34.9 22.5 10.9 12.4 12.4 11.4
% Canadian 51.1% 41.1% 40.8% 43.8% 48.8% 48.2% 50.5% 44.6%
% of total 5.6% 5.3% 6.2% 3.9% 5.2% 6.1% 6.1% 5.7%
Sports 38.6 81.6 61.1 84.5 12.6 16.7 12.7 13.4
% Canadian 67.8% 76.2% 70.7% 72.0% 77.4% 85.6% 81.8% 82.1%
% of total 10.2% 14.4% 10.9% 14.6% 6.0% 8.2% 6.2% 6.8%
Drama and comedy 163.4 245.1 241.9 236.5 74.7 79.9 78.3 75.3
% Canadian 21.3% 19.2% 19.2% 20.1% 31.9% 32.7% 30.2% 29.3%
% of total 43.1% 43.2% 42.6% 40.9% 35.7% 39.4% 38.2% 38.0%
Music and dance and variety 9.3 12.0 10.6 9.7 5.1 3.5 4.4 3.5
% Canadian 48.0% 46.4% 42.5% 27.4% 81.8% 74.5% 80.8% 80.8%
% of total 2.4% 2.1% 1.9% 1.7% 2.4% 1.7% 2.2% 1.8%
Other 81.3 117.5 125.5 135.2 37.5 40.5 45.3 46.7
% Canadian 37.7% 33.8% 32.4% 33.9% 78.8% 80.0% 79.3% 78.8%
% of total 21.4% 20.7% 22.1% 23.4% 17.9% 20% 22.1% 23.6%
Total 379.3 567.1 567.4 578.6 209.5 202.9 205.0 198.2
% Canadian 44.8% 43.0% 42.0% 43.8% 67.7% 64.5% 64.0% 63.2%

1. Starting with broadcast year 2009-2010, the data is based on the national PPM panel as Anglo Canada switched to PPM technology on 31 August 2009. Previously the measurement technology for Anglo Canada was Mark II meters (set-top). Some fluctuations in the data may be attributed to this change in methodology.

Source: English-language services

- BBM Nielsen (2008, 2009)

- BBM Canada - PPM Data (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)

French-language services:

- BBM Canada

Table 4.3.6 Average weekly viewing hours of Canadian programs distributed by Canadian English- and French-language private conventional services, by program origin, genre and region
Viewing hours
(millions)
English-language services
All of Canada
excluding Quebec Francophone market
French-language services
Quebec Francophone market
2008-2009 2009-20101 2010-2011 2011-2012 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
News and analysis and interpretation 23.9 37.5 40.5 41.4 24.6 24.1 23.5 20.8
% Canadian 96.6% 98.3% 96.5% 96.5% 99.9% 100.0% 100.0% 99.8%
% of total 23.7% 20.5% 23.7% 23.6% 35,8% 34.0% 33.4% 31.1%
Long-form documentary 1.7 1.7 2.4 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.3
% Canadian 66.6% 71.3% 57.8% 91.9% 87,7% 90.7% 95.2% 76.4%
% of total 1.7% 0.9% 1.4% 0.6% 0.9% 1.6% 1.2% 0.4%
Sports 1.8 17.2 3.8 11.6 1.0 2.4 0.2 1.3
% Canadian 3.2% 78.1% 4.6% 66.0% 96.5% 95.2% 100.0% 96.9%
% of total 1.8% 9.4% 2.2% 6.6% 1.4% 3.3% 0.2% 2.0%
Drama and comedy 39.6 70.5 70.1 67.1 23.9 25.0 25.2 23.7
% Canadian 13.7% 11.0% 10.8% 10.5% 27.5% 28.2% 24.3% 23.9%
% of total 39.3% 38.7% 41.4% 38.3% 34.7% 35.3% 35.8% 35.3%
Music and dance and variety 4.3 5.9 6.2 6.3 2.8 1.2 1.9 1.0
% Canadian 17.9% 9.2% 9.6% 3.4% 79.2% 56.6% 74.7% 67.5%
% of total 4.2% 3.2% 3.6% 3.6% 4.0% 1.7% 2.6% 1.5%
Other 29.6 49.6 47.6 47.7 15.9 17.1 18.8 20.0
% Canadian 24.2% 22.6% 21.5% 24.2% 79.5% 84.3% 84.5% 89.5%
% of total 29.3% 27.2% 27.8% 27.2% 23.1% 24.1% 26.7% 29.8%
Total 100.9 182.4 171.1 175.0 68.8 71.0 70.3 67.1
% Canadian 37.3% 38.9% 34.5% 38.5% 69.2% 69.9% 68.1% 69.3%

1. Starting with broadcast year 2009-2010, the data is based on the national PPM panel as Anglo Canada switched to PPM technology on 31 August 2009. Previously the measurement technology for Anglo Canada was Mark II meters (set-top). Some fluctuations in the data may be attributed to this change in methodology.

Source: English-language services

- BBM Nielsen (2008-09)

- BBM Canada - PPM Data (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)

French-language services:

- BBM Canada

Table 4.3.7 Average weekly viewing hours of Canadian programs distributed by Canadian English- and French-language CBC conventional services, by program origin, genre and region
 Viewing hours
(millions)
English-language services
All of Canada
excluding Quebec Francophone market
French-language services Quebec Francophone market
2008-2009 2009-20101 2010-2011 2011-2012 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
News and analysis and Interpretation 6.4 6.5 7.6 7.3 7.5 6.8 7.1 6.2
% Canadian 99.8% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 99.9% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
% of total 21.0% 15.1 17.1% 18.7% 27.2% 25.0% 25.1% 25.2%
Long-form documentary 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3
% Canadian 93.9% 97.2% 97.7% 96.1% 93.2% 92.1% 97.2% 98.8%
% of total 4.6% 3.5% 3.9% 3.8% 1.9% 1.4% 1.1% 1.2%
Sports 7.8 16.3 15.4 11.5 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.2
% Canadian 100.0% 100.0% 98.7% 100.0% 92.6% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
% of total 25.5% 37.6% 34.4% 29.6% 2.5% 3.8% 1.4% 1.0%
Drama and comedy 9.2 11.4 11.1 11.5 9.1 8.9 8.3 7.4
% Canadian 44.9% 45.5% 46.4% 42.6% 62.0% 66.5% 72.8% 73.1%
% of total 30.1% 26.2% 24.9% 29.6% 33.1% 32.9% 29.1% 29.7%
Music and dance and variety 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1
% Canadian 92.4% 84.1% 78.8% 36.2% 100.0% 100.0% 99.5% 99.4%
% of total 0.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.5% 1.7% 1.8% 3.0% 4.4%
Other 5.6 7.5 8.8 6.9 9.2 9.5 11.4 9.6
% Canadian 41.8% 45.1% 49.1% 63.0% 100.0% 100.0% 99.9% 100.0%
% of total 18.3% 17.3% 19.6% 17.8% 33.6% 35.0% 40.2% 38.7%
Total 30.5 43.3 44.7 38.8 27.4 27.1 28.3 24.8
% Canadian 72.4% 76.1% 76.1% 76.0% 87.1% 88.8% 92.0% 92.0%

1. Starting with broadcast year 2009-2010, the data is based on the national PPM panel as Anglo Canada switched to PPM technology on 31 August 2009. Previously the measurement technology for Anglo Canada was Mark II meters (set-top). Some fluctuations in the data may be attributed to this change in methodology.

Source: English-language services

BBM Nielsen (2008-09)

BBM Canada - PPM Data (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)

French-language services:

BBM Canada

Table 4.3.8 Average weekly viewing hours of Canadian programs distributed by Canadian English- and French-language pay and specialty services, by program origin, genre and region
Viewing hours
(millions)
English-language services
All of Canada
excluding Quebec Francophone market
French-language services Quebec Francophone market
2008-2009 2009-20101 2010-2011 2011-2012 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
News and analysis and Interpretation 11.5 36.4 43.2 41.5 32.1 18.8 21.0 20.6
% Canadian 83.2% 92.2% 94.6% 95.7% 98.9% 98.1% 98.0% 97.7%
% of total 5.6% 10.9% 12.8% 11.5% 31.6% 19.1% 21.1% 20.6%
Long-form documentary 15.2 25.2 28.4 17.6 9.1 10.4 10.6 10.3
% Canadian 47.0% 36.0% 36.4% 39.0% 44.4% 42.8% 45.8% 43.1%
% of total 7.4% 7.6% 8.4% 4.9% 9.0% 10.6% 10.6% 10.3%
Sports 29.0 48.0 42.6 61.5 10.9 13.3 12.2 11.9
% Canadian 63.3% 67.5% 66.4% 67.9% 74.7% 82.8% 81.2% 80.1%
% of total 14.2% 14.5% 12.6% 17.1% 10.7% 13.6% 12.2% 11.8%
Drama and comedy 104.2 157.7 153.1 154.9 37.3 41.6 40.8 40.5
% Canadian 22.1% 20.7% 20.8% 22.1% 24.9% 26.2% 23.5% 22.9%
% of total 51.0% 47.4% 45.2% 43.0% 36.7% 42.5% 40.9% 40.4%
Music and dance and variety 4.4 6.0 4.5 3.2 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.1
% Canadian 78.4% 82.0% 84.8% 74.1% 77.4% 77.1% 74.0% 69.6%
% of total 2.2% 1.8% 1.3% 0.9% 1.5% 1.6% 1.5% 1.1%
Other 39.9 59.0 66.7 81.4 10.6 12.4 13.7 15.8
% Canadian 46.7% 41.2% 36.1% 35.1% 59.2% 58.0% 54.0% 51.8%
% of total 19.5% 17.8% 19.7% 22.6% 10.5% 12.6% 13.7% 15.8%
Total 204.3 332.3 338.4 360.1 101.6 98.0 99.8 100.2
% Canadian 39.5% 41.2% 41.1% 42.6% 60.0% 54.2% 53.5% 52.2%

1. Starting with broadcast year 2009-2010, the data is based on the national PPM panel as Anglo Canada switched to PPM technology on 31 August 2009. Previously the measurement technology for Anglo Canada was Mark II meters (set-top). Some fluctuations in the data may be attributed to this change in methodology.

Source: English-language services

- BBM Nielsen (2008-09)

- BBM Canada - PPM Data (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)

French-language services:

- BBM Canada

Table 4.3.9 Viewing share of Canadian services by ownership group in the English- and French-language markets

Viewing share (%)
2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
Conventional Discretionary Total Conventional Discretionary Total Conventional Discretionary Total
Canadian English-language market
All of Canada, excluding the Quebec francophone market
BCE4,5  17.5 17.1# 34.6# 16.4 17.3 33.7 17.0 17.0 34.0
English services 17.5 16.9#   16.4 17.1   17.0 16.9  
French services - 0.2   - 0.2   - 0.1  
Shaw3, 5  8.6 12.5 21.1 8.7 13.2 21.9 8.9 14.5 23.4
English services 8.6 12.5   8.7 13.2   8.9 14.5  
French services - -   - -   - -  
Corus2,6  0.4 10.4 10.8 0.3 10.2 10.4 0.2 9.8 10.0
English services 0.4 10.4   0.3 10.2   0.2 9,8  
French services - -   - -   - -  
CBC1  7.1 1.4 8.5 7.6 1.9 9.4 6.4 1.8 8.2
English services 7.0 1.3   7.4 1.8   6.3 1.7  
French services 0.2 0.0   0.2 0.1   0.2 0.1  
Rogers5  4.9 4.0 8.9 4.9 3.8 8.7 4.8 4.2 9.0
English services 4.9 4.0   4.9 3.8   4.8 4.2  
French services - -   - -   - -  
Astral5,6  - 5.9 5.9 - 6.0 6.0 - 6.2 6.2
English services - 5.8   - 5.9   - 6.1  
French services - 0.1   - 0.1   - 0.1  
Total hours (millions) 254.2 353.6 607.8 242.9 356.1 598.9 240.2 361.0 601.2
Canadian French-language market
Quebec francophone market
Quebecor5  23.8 5.8 29.6 23.2 7.2 30.5 24.0 8.3 32.3
French services 23.8 5.8   23.2 7.2   24.0 8.3  
English services 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
SRC1  13.4 4.1 17.5 13.7 4.7 18.3 12.6 5.1 17.7
French services 12.7 4.0   13.2 4.6   12.0 5.0  
English services 0.6 0.1   0.5 0.1   0.6 0.1  
Astral5,6  - 17.9 17.9 - 16.6 16.6 - 16.7 16.7
French services - 17.6   - 16.2   - 16.3  
English services - 0.3   - 0.4   - 0.4  
BCE4,5  1.2 7.7 8.9 1.2 7.1 8.3 1.0 6.7 7.7
French services - 6.3   - 5.7   - 5.5  
English services 1.2 1.4   1.2 1.4   1.0 1.2  
Remstar 7.5 - 7.5 7.7 - 7.7 8.6 - 8.6
French services 7.5 -   7.7 -   8.6 -  
English services - -   - -   - -  
Total hours (millions) 111.5 102.4 214.0 111.6 104.0 215.6 103.8 103.6 207.3

Source: BBM Canada

1. Stations owned and operated by the CBC/SRC.

2. Corus’ totals do not include viewing to Telelatino. Corus’ total for 2009-2010 includes: the Sundance Channel (formerly Drive-In Classics Channel) and W Movies (formerly SexTV: the Channel) following an acquisition of assets (Broadcasting Decision 2009-706, 19 November 2009).

3. Following a change in effective control, Canwest’s properties are now controlled by Shaw Communications Inc. (Shaw) (Broadcasting Decision 2010-782, 22 October 2010). Shaw’s viewing share for 2008-2009 excludes: CHCH-TV Hamilton following an acquisition of assets (Broadcasting Decision 2009-537, 28 August 2009) and CJNT-TV Montréal following an acquisition of assets (Broadcasting Decision 2009-536, 28 August 2009). Shaw’s viewing share for 2009-2010 excludes: CHEK-TV following an acquisition of assets (Broadcasting Decision 2009-699, 19 November 2009). Shaw’s viewing share for 2010-2011 excludes: BBC Kids following an acquisition of assets (Broadcasting Decision 2011-277, 29 April 2011).

4. Following a change in effective control, CTVglobemedia’s (CTVgm) properties are now controlled by BCE Inc. (BCE) (Broadcasting Decision 2011-163, 7 March 2011). BCE’s viewing share for 2010-2011 excludes: travel+escape following a change in effective control (Broadcasting Decision 2010-551, 26 October, 2010).

5. The following is a list of discretionary services that are held equally between Canadian partners:


Viewing share (%)
Canadian English-language market
All of Canada, excluding Quebec franco market
Canadian French-language market
Quebec franco market
2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
Astral 50% / Shaw 50%
Historia [Fr.] nm nm 0.00 1.80 1.63 1.64
Séries + [Fr.] 0.01 0.01 0.01 3.45 3.53 4.05
Astral 50% / Corus 50%
Teletoon [Eng.] 2.32 2.11 2.00 0.06 0.09 0.06
Télétoon [Fr.] 0.02 0.02 0.01 2.86 2.54 2.61
Teletoon Rétro [Eng.] 0.48 0.55 0.48 0.04 0.02 0.01
Télétoon Retro [Fr.] 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.31 0.37 0.29
Astral / Corus6
HBO Canada6 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.02 0.02 0.02
BCE  / Rogers
GolTV n/a n/a 0.03 n/a n/a 0.01
NBA TV n/a n/a 0.05 n/a n/a 0.01
LeafsTV n/a n/a 0.07 n/a n/a 0.00

nm = not meaningful n/o= not in operation n/a= not available or not applicable

6. HBO Canada is delivered as part of two separate, wholly owned and independently operated regional English-language pay services. The Movie Network (TMN) pay service, which is distributed in Eastern Canada, is part of the Astral ownership group. The Movie Central pay service, which is part of the Corus ownership group, is distributed in Western Canada. Due to BBM software limitations, a separate viewing share to HBO Canada for the TMN and Movie Central feeds is not available.

c) Financial performance

Figure 4.3.1 Television revenues: CBC and private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services

This stacked clustered column chart depicts the total revenues achieved by private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services for each of the 2008 to 2012 broadcast years. Advertising and subscriber revenues are also set out by type of service. Commercial advertising revenues garnered by CBC conventional television stations are also included in this chart. Revenues in millions of dollars from 2008 to 2012: Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: 2,931, 3,121, 3,475, 3,748 and 3,968; Private conventional OTA television: 2,138, 1,971, 2,142, 2,144, and 2,038; CBC conventional OTA television: 412, 392, 450, 500 and 508; Total revenues: 5,481, 5,484, 6,067, 6,392 and 6,514. Total advertising revenues in millions of dollars from 2008 to 2012: Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: 1,027, 1,002, 1,114, 1,234 and 1,264; Private conventional OTA television: 2,001, 1,806, 1,939, 1,949 and 1,832. CBC conventional OTA television: 366, 297, 339, 370 and 373; Total advertising revenues: 3,393, 3,105, 3,392, 3,553 and 3,469. Total subscriber revenues in millions of dollars from 2008 to 2012: Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: 1,868, 2,058, 2,261, 2,419 and 2,623.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.2 Source of revenues for private conventional television, 2012

This pie chart depicts the percentage breakdown of the various components that make up the revenue sources for private conventional television services: Syndicated Production: 1%, Other: 6%, Local Time Sales: 17%, National Time Sales: 66%, Network Payments: 5%, LPIF: 3% and Infomercials: 1%.

Source: CRTC data collection

 

Table 4.3.10 Television revenues by type of service ($ millions)
  2011 2012 Growth
Conventional television
Private 2,144# 2,038 -5.0%
CBC  500 508 1.6%
Subtotal 2,644# 2,546 -3.7%
Nonconventional television
Pay, PPV and VOD 856 837 -2.1%
Speciality 2,892# 3,130 8.2%
Subtotal 3,748# 3,968 5.9%
Total 6,392# 6,513 1.9%

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.3 Advertising revenues – CBC conventional television stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues (in millions of dollars), of CBC and SRC conventional television from 2008 to 2012 with the second axes representing the percent of total revenue captured by the CBC English-language stations.  CBC English-language stations: 253, 192, 221, 246 and 245; SRC French-language stations: 113, 105, 118, 123 and 127; CBC and SRC English and French-language station combined total: 366, 297, 339, 370 and 373. The percent of English-language stations of total: 69%, 65%, 65%, 66% and 66%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.11 Advertising and other revenues: CBC conventional television stations (owned and operated)
Revenues ($ millions) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR
2008-2012
CBC conventional television
Advertising revenues
English-language stations 253 192 221 246 245 -0.8%
Annual growth 24.6% -24.1% 15.1% 11.3% -0.3%  
French-language stations 113 105 118 123 127 3.0%
Annual growth 4.6% -7.1% 12.4% 4.2% 3.1%  
Advertising total 366 297 339 370 373 0.5%
Annual growth 18.1% -18.9% 14.1% 9.1% 0.8%  
Other revenues 46 95 111 130 135 30.9%
Annual growth 2.2% 106.5% 16.8% 17.1% 3.9%  
Total 412 392 450 500 508 5.4%
Annual growth 15.7% -4.9% 14.8% 11.1% 1.6%  
Parliamentary appropriation n/a n/a 794 839 861  
Annual growth     n/a 5.7% 2.7%  

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.12 Advertising and other revenues by English- and French-language market for private conventional television stations
 Revenues ($ millions) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR
2008-2012
English-language stations
Advertising 1,679 1,520 1,659# 1,659# 1,540 -2.1%
Annual growth -2.2% -9.5%  9.2% 0.0% -7.2%  
% of subtotal 96% 94%  92% 93% 92%  
Other 75 101 135# 129# 131 15.0%
Annual growth 2.7% 34.7%  33.1% -4.5% 2.0%  
% of subtotal 4% 6%  8% 7% 8%  
Subtotal 1,754 1,621 1,794 1,788 1,672 -1.2%
Annual growth -2.0% -7.6% 10.7% -0.3% -6.5%  
French-language stations
Advertising 322 286 280# 290# 291 -2.5%
Annual growth -0.3% -11.2% -1.9%  3.6% 0.3%  
% of subtotal 84% 82% 80%  81% 79%  
Other 62 64 68# 66# 75 4.9%
Annual growth 6.9% 3.2% 5.5% -2.2 % 13.5%  
% of subtotal 16% 18% 20%  19% 21%  
Subtotal 384 350 348# 357# 367 -1.1%
Annual growth 0.8% -8.9% -0.5%  2.5% 2.8%  
Total
Advertising 2,001 1,806 1,939  1,949 1,832 -2.2%
Annual growth -1.9% -9.7%  7.4%  0.5% -6.0%  
% of total 94% 92%  91%  91% 90%  
Other 137 165 202  # 195# 206 10.7%
Annual growth 4.6% 20.4% 22.4% -3.6 % 5.9%  
% of total 6% 8%  9%  9% 10%  
Total 2,138 1,971 2,142# 2,144# 2,038 -1.2%
Annual Growth -1.5% -7.8%  8.9% 0.1% -5.0%  

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.13 Revenues by English- and French-language, and Ethnic markets and by Specialty, Pay, PPV and VOD services
Services Revenues ($ thousands) PBIT ($ thousands) PBIT margin
2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012
English-language Specialty services
Category A 1,274,463 1,341,680 1,347,720 420,495 451,225 490,798 33.0% 33.6% 36.4%
Category B 260,633 294,723 332,660 67,268 81,184 92,747 25.8% 27.5% 27.9%
Category C 593,915 666,289 794,906 123,257 117,032 119,106 20.8% 17.6% 15.0%
Subtotal 2,129,010 2,302,692 2,475,285 611,020 649,441 702,651 28.7% 28.2% 28.4%
French-language Specialty services
Category A 255,318 274,600 276,529 83,344 84,556 78,789 32.6% 30.8% 28.5%
Category B 11,754 19,841 29,027 -2,666 -5,241 -4,206 -22.7% -26.4% -14.5%
Category C 200,857 212,734 265,686 33,891 44,579 25,089 16.9% 21.0% 9.4%
Subtotal 467,928 507,175 571,243 114,570 123,894 99,672 24.5% 24.4% 17.4%
Ethnic and third-language  Specialty services         
Category A 67,942 68,241 67,856 19,234 18,919 18,080 28.3% 27.7% 26.6%
Category B 11,188 14,311 15,746 235 1,479 2,717 2.1% 10.3% 17.3%
Subtotal 79,130 82,552 83,601 19,469 20,398 20,797 24.6% 24.7% 24.9%
Total specialty services
Category A 1,597,722 1,684,521 1,692,105 523,073 554,700 587,667 32.7% 32.9% 34.7%
Category B 283,575 328,875 377,433 64,837 77,422 91,258 22.9% 23.5% 24.2%
Category C 794,771 879,023 1,060,592 157,148 161,611 144,195 19.8% 18.4% 13.6%
Subtotal 2,676,068 2,892,419 3,130,129 745,059 793,733 823,120 27.8% 27.4% 26.3%
Pay PPV and VOD Specialty services
Pay services  447,982 468,946 457,798 100,412 123,445 101,719 22.4% 26.3% 22.2%
PPV services-Terrestrial & DTH 145,139 129,243 115,739 20,235 13,095 8,358 13.9% 10.1% 7.2%
VOD 205,429 257,457 263,865 12,778 3,937 -16,780 6.2% 1.5% -6.3%
Subtotal 798,551 855,646 837,401 133,426 140,477 91,492 16.7% 16.4% 11.2%
Total 3,474,620 3,748,065 3,967,530 878,485 934,210 916,612 25.3% 24.9% 23.1%

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.4 Ranking by revenue for individual Specialty, Pay, PPV and VOD services in descending order, 2012

This line chart ranks by total revenue in descending order each pay, PPV, VOD and specialty service for the 2011-2012 broadcast year.  In total, over 220 services are individually depicted on the chart, with the highest grossing service at top left corner and the lowest grossing service at the bottom right corner.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.5 Aggregrate PBIT margins for private conventional television, pay, PPV & VOD services and Category A, B and C specialty services

This clustered column chart depicts the aggregate PBIT margins achieved by Canadian private conventional OTA television services, pay, PPV and VOD services and category A, B, C specialty services for each of the 2008 to 2012 broadcast years: Canadian private conventional television services: 0%, -6%, 0% 7%, and 1%; Canadian pay, PPV and VOD services: 17%, 12%, 17%,16% and 11%; Canadian category A specialty services:  27%, 31%, 33%, 33% and 35%; Canadian category B specialty services: 7%, 16%, 23%, 24% and 24%; Canadian category C specialty services: 22%, 20%, 20%,18% and 14%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.6 Revenues of English-language private conventional television, specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services

In this line-column on 2 axes chart, the line part depicts the advertising as percent of total revenues for English-language private conventional television and specialty services for 2008 to 2012. The column part of the chart shows total revenues, in millions of dollars, of Canadian English-language private conventional television, specialty services and pay, PPV, VOD services from 2008 to 2012.  Private conventional television: Total Revenue: 1,754, 1,621, 1,793 1,788 and 1,672; and advertising as percent of total: 95.7%, 94.0%, 92.0%, 92.8% and 91.6%. For specialty services, total revenues: 1,844, 1,923, 2,129, 2,303 and 2,475; and advertising as percent of total: 45.3%, 42.4%, 42.7%, 43.8% and 41.7%.  For Pay, PPV, and VOD services, total revenues:  526, 623, 723, 771 and 750.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.7  Aggregate PBIT margins for English-language private conventional television, specialty, pay, PPV and VOD services

This line column on 2 axes chart depicts the aggregate PBIT margins and number of reporting services (or units) achieved by English-language private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services for 2008 to 2012 years. For private conventional television services, PBIT margins: -1.7%, -8.8%, -2.5%, 6.4% and 0.5%; and reporting services: 76, 77, 74, 73 and 72. For pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services, PBIT margins: 21.8%, 23.2%, 25.3%, 24.9% and 23.8%; and reporting services: 127, 135, 141, 150 and 155.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.8 Revenues of French-language private conventional television, specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services

In this line-column on 2 axes chart, the line part depicts the advertising as percent of total revenues for French-language private conventional television and Specialty services for 2008 to 2012. The column part of the chart shows total revenues, in millions of dollars, of Canadian French-language private conventional television, specialty services and pay, PPV, VOD services from 2008 to 2012.  Private Conventional Television: Total Revenue: 384, 350,348, 357 and 367 and advertising as percent of total: 81.8%, 79.6%, 78.5%, 79.2% and 77.7%. For specialty services, total revenues: 416, 432, 468, 507 and 571; and advertising as percent of total: 37.6%, 36.1%, 36.0%, 37.4% and 34.3%. For Pay, PPV, and VOD services, total revenues: 68, 70, 73, 79 and 84.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.9 Aggregate PBIT of French-language private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services

This line-column on 2 axes chart depicts the number and aggregate PBIT margins of Canadian French-language private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services from 2008 to 2012. Private conventional television: PBIT Margin: 10%, 10%, 15%, 11% and 9%; Number of services or units reporting: 23, 20, 20, 20 and 20; Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: PBIT Margin: 24%, 25%, 25%, 25% and 19%; Number of services reporting: 25, 25, 28, 29 and 31.

Source: CRTC Data Collection

Figure 4.3.10 Revenues of ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services

For 2008-2012, this line-column on 2 axes chart depicts in the columns the total revenues for specialty services and pay services and in the line portion of the chart, advertising as a percentage of revenues. Total revenues in millions of dollars: 75, 72, 79, 83 and 84; Advertising as a percentage of revenues: 48.1%, 41.7%, 43.0%, 42.2% and 38.1%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.11 PBIT margins of ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services

This line-column on 2 axes chart depicts the number of units reporting and PBIT margins of ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services from 2008 to 2012. Specialty and pay services PBIT Margin: 22%, 21%, 24%, 24% and 24%; and Number of services or units reporting: 38, 36, 37, 38 and 43.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.12 Revenues of top three English-language private conventional television ownership groups

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, of large English-language private conventional television station ownership groups from 2008 to 2012. Shaw: 585, 496, 496, 522 and 448; BCE: 830, 780, 925, 829 and 803; Rogers: 242, 202, 248, 298 and 289; Total English-language conventional television: 1,754, 1,621, 1,794, 1,788 and 1,672. Revenues of top three: 1,657, 1,478, 1,669, 1,649 and 1,540. The line portion (using the second axis) shows Top 3 as a percent of total: 94.5%, 94.1%, 93.0%, 92.2% and 92.1%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.13 Revenues of top two French-language private conventional television ownership groups

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues (in millions of dollars) of large French-language private conventional television by group from 2008 to 2012. The second axes represents percent. Quebecor (TVA): 248, 251, 247, 251 and 257; Remstar (V): 88, 64, 62, 66 and 73. Total French-language conventional television: 384, 350, 348, 357 and 367. Revenues of top two: 336, 315, 309, 317 and 330. The line portion (using second axis) shows top two as a percent of total: 87.5%, 90.0%, 88.8%, 88.8% and 89.9%.

Source: CRTC data collection

d) Ownership groups

 

Table 4.3.14 Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services 1
  HD  Astral Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES Canal D Sp. A French 100% 2,600 40,192 20,437 50.8%
YES Canal Vie Sp. A French 100% 2,354 42,771 15,681 36.7%
YES CINÉPOP Pay B French 100% 995 8,360 3,357 40.2%
YES The Family Channel Pay English 100% 5,754 64,598 20,842 32.3%
YES The Movie Network Encorea  Pay English 100% 1,480 23,820 11,787 49.5%
YES Super Écran Pay French 100% 644 68,149 21,590 31.7%
YES The Movie Network Pay English 100% 1,188 136,707 27,571 20.2%
YES VRAK.TV Sp. A French 100% 2,382 27,785 10,779 38.8%
YES Ztélé Sp. A French 100% 2,040 23,609 6,233 26.4%
YES Viewers Choice Canada PPV** English 50.1% 2,314 13,711 2,000 14.6%
YES Historia Sp. A French 50% 2,072 19,742 9,135 46.3%
YES Musimax Sp. A French 100% 1,949 9,499 -122 -1.3%
YES MusiquePlus Sp. A French 100% 2,363 13,057 -577 -4.4%
YES Séries+ Sp. A French 50% 2,088 30,576 16,625 54.4%
YES Teletoon/Télétoon Sp. A Bilingual 50% 7,462 83,956 34,875 41.5%
NO Teletoon Retro English Sp. B English 50% N/A 7,490 N/A N/A
NO Télétoon Rétro French Sp. B French 50% N/A 1,546 N/A N/A
YES Disney XD Sp. B English 100% N/A 1,692 N/A N/A
NO Disney Junior Sp. B English 100% N/A 2,107 N/A N/A
YES Carton Networkb  Sp. B English 50% N/A 117 N/A N/A

a) Mpix was rebranded as The Movie Network Encore on 18 September 2012.

b) Cartoon Network was launched on 4 July 2012.

  HD   BCE2 Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES CTV News Channel Sp. C English 100% 8,694 25,858 5,908 22.8%
YES MTV Canada Sp. A English 100% 6,501 24,155 -2,558 -10.6%
YES Business News Network Sp. A English 100% 6,455 31,960 13,577 42.5%
YES Comedy Network Sp. A English 100% 5,947 55,856 26,493 47.4%
NO ESPN Classic Canada Sp. B English 80% 1,128 3,032 834 27.5%
YES Réseau des Sports (RDS) Sp. C French 80% 3,514 167,437 25,118 15.0%
YES RDS Info Sp. A French 80% 1,381 9,286 -2,310 -24.9%
YES The Sports Network (TSN) Sp. C English 80% 9,191 374,834 61,796 16.5%
YES Animal Planet Sp. B English 64% 2,147 7,381 2,534 34.3%
YES Discovery Channel Sp. A English 64% 7,900 99,195 31,668 31.9%
YES Discovery Science Sp. B English 64% 1,448 4,612 662 14.4%
YES Discovery World HD Sp. B English 64% 1,493 27,140 16,033 59.1%
YES Viewers Choice Canada PPV** English 19.96% 2,314 13,711 2,000 14.6%
NO The NHL Network Sp. B English 17.14% N/A 12,550 N/A N/A
NO Book Television Sp. A English 100% 946 4,536 3,007 66.3%
YES Bravo! Sp. A English 100% 6,812 42,206 17,532 41.5%
YES Investigation Discovery Sp. B English 100% 1,035 5,686 2,761 48.6%
NO Fashion Television Channel Sp. A English 100% 769 4,820 2,333 48.4%
NO MuchLoud Sp. B English 100% 149 355 112 31.5%
NO MuchMoreMusic Sp. A English 100% 6,344 17,499 5,667 32.4%
NO MuchMoreRetro Sp. B English 100% 274 824 580 70.4%
YES MuchMusic Sp. A English 100% 9,309 40,220 1,779 4.4%
NO MuchVibe Sp. B English 100% 482 770 500 64.9%
YES CablePulse 24 Sp. A English 100% 3,034 22,934 2,906 12.7%
NO Juicebox Sp. B English 100% 283 593 350 59.0%
NO MTV2 Canada Sp. A English 100% 869 4,684 1,858 39.7%
YES SPACE Sp. A English 100% 6,678 50,146 23,431 46.7%
YES E! Sp. A English 100% 6,880 28,590 9,211 32.2%
NO Comedy Gold Sp. B English 100% 944 4,214 2,400 56.9%
YES Leafs TV Sp. B English 28% 9,604 N/A N/A N/A
YES NBA TV (Canada) Sp. B English 28% 8,471 N/A N/A N/A
YES GolTV Sp. B English 22.43% 3,509 N/A N/A N/A
YES Bell TV On Demand and Vu! PPV** English 100% N/A 48,441 1,859 3.8%
YES Bell TV On Demand PPV English 100% N/A 698 434 62.1%
YES Bell TV On Demand VOD English 100% N/A 4,688 -1,944 -41.5%
YES Câblevision du Nord de Québec inc. VOD French 100% N/A 686 141 20.6%

 

  HD  Cogeco Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES Cogeco On Demand VOD Bilingual 100% N/A 21,423 8,468 39.5%

 

HD CBC Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES Bolda  Sp. A English 100% 2,636 4,091 1,318 32.2%
YES CBC News Network Sp. A English 100% 11,363 86,158 15,061 20.4%
YES RDI Sp. A French 100% 11,679 57,010 11,622 20.4%
YES ARTV Sp. A French 85% 2,073 17,235 324 1.9%
YES Documentary Sp. A English 82% 2,669 6,018 886 14.7%
YES EXPLORA b  Sp. B French 100% N/A 484 N/A N/A

a)  Acquisition of Bold by Blue Ant Media was approved on 16 November 2012.

b)  Explora was launched on 28 March 2012.

 

HD  Corus3 Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES Encore Avenue Pay English 100% 2,305 19,844 9,704 48.9%
YES MovieCentral Pay English 100% 976 96,057 8,365 8.7%
NO TreeHouse TV Sp. A English 100% 8,673 14,255 4,006 28.1%
YES W Network Sp. A English 100% 8,403 88,093 35,733 40.6%
YES YTV Sp. A English 100% 11,316 90,844 32,324 35.6%
NO CMT Canada Sp. A English 90% 10,655 29,274 7,733 26.4%
YES Duska    Sp. B     English 51% N/A 4,520 N/A N/A
YES ABC Spark Sp. B English 51%        
NO Sky TG24 Canada Sp. B Other 50.50% N/A 299 N/A N/A
YES TLN - Telelatino Sp. A Other 50.50% 4,924 18,942 8,330 44.0%
NO Teleniños Sp. B Other 50.50% N/A 25 N/A N/A
YES Teletoon/Télétoonb  Sp. A Bilingual 50% 7,462 83,956 34,875 41.5%
NO Teletoon Retro Englishb  Sp. D2 English 50% N/A 7,490 N/A N/A
NO Télétoon Rétro Frenchb  Sp. D2 French 50% N/A 1,546 N/A N/A
YES Food Network Canada Sp. A English 22.58% 7,369 59,753 29,515 49.4%
NO EuroWorld Sport Sp. D2 English 50.50% N/A 56 N/A N/A
NO Mediaset Italia Sp. D2 Other 50.50% N/A 329 N/A N/A
NO TLN en español Sp. D2 Other 50.50% N/A 1,380 N/A N/A
YES Nickelodeon Sp. B English 100% N/A 7,005 N/A N/A
YES OWN Sp. A English 100% 6,219 28,196 7,475 26.5%
NO Cosmopolitan TV Sp. B English 67% N/A 12,410 N/A N/A
NO Sundance Channel Sp. B English 100% N/A 5,071 N/A N/A
YES W Movies Sp. B English 100% N/A 6,458 N/A N/A
YES Carton Networkb, c  Sp. B English 50% N/A 117 N/A N/A

a) Dusk ceased operation on 23 March 2012.

b) 20% of the 50% voting interest is held by Nelvana Limited, a company that produces and distributes children and family productions. Corus Entertainment Inc. holds 100% voting interest in Nelvana Limited.

c) Cartoon Network was launched on 4 July 2012.

 

  HD  Quebecor Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES Illico sur demande VOD Bilingual 100% N/A 57,350 -942 -1.6%
NO Argent Sp. A French 100% 656 3,184 -119 -3.7%
YES Le Canal Nouvelles (LCN) Sp. C French 100% 2,433 30,384 8,813 29.0%
YES addikTV Sp. A French 100% 997 8,647 1,877 21.7%
YES MOI&cie (formerly Mlle)a  Sp. B French 100% 400 2,662 -2,528 -95.0%
YES Prise 2 Sp. B French 100% 889 6,112 1,386 22.7%
YES Sun News Network Sp. C English 100% 4,856 5,657 -18,506 -327.2%
YES CASA Sp. B French 100% 811 7,054 -295 -4.2%
YES Canal Indigo PPV** French 100% 1,496 6,960 2,358 33.9%
YES Yoopa Sp. B French 100% 763 3,407 -228 -6.7%
YES Évasion Sp. A French 8.31% 2,051 12,655 837 6.6%
YES TVA Sports Sp. C French 100% 1,639 10,856 -20,464 -188.5%

a) Mlle was rebranded as MOI&cie on 1 February 2013.

b) TVA Sports was launched on 12 September 2011.

 

HD Rogers Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
YES The Biography Channel Sp. A English 100% 2,247 8,146 2,825 34.7%
YES Rogers On Demand VOD Bilingual 100% N/A 68,673 -6,350 -9.2%
YES Sportsnet Sp. C English 100% 8,785 233,966 23,836 10.2%
YES Sportsnet One Sp. C English 100% 6,096 68,433 28,492 41.6%
YES Sportsnet PPV PPV** English 100% 34 12,009 1,187 9.9%
NO G4TechTV Sp. A English 100% 2,452 10,210 3,401 33.3%
YES Viewers Choice Canada PPV** English 24.95% 2,314 13,711 2,000 14.6%
YES OLN (Outdoor Life Network) Sp. A English 100% 5,452 20,137 7,190 35.7%
NO TVtropolis Sp. A English 33.33% 6,015 37,955 14,358 37.8%
YES FX Canadaa  Sp. B English 66.64% 1.460 3,773 -3,232 -85.7%
YES CityNews Channel Sp. B English 100% 1,525 1,399 -3,927 -280.8%
YES Leafs TV Sp. B English 37.5% 9,604 N/A N/A N/A
YES NBA TV (Canada) Sp. B English 37.5% 8,471 N/A N/A N/A
YES GolTV Sp. B English 30.04% 3,509 N/A N/A N/A
YES Sportsnet World Sp. B English 100% 91 9,891 2,416 24.4%

a) FX Canada was launched on 31 October 2011.

 

HD Shaw4 Type of service Language Direct / indirect voting interest Number of subscribers Revenues*
($)
PBIT
($)
PBIT Margin
NO DejaView Sp. B English 100% 1,633 8,200 4,288 52.3%
NO Fox Sports World Canada Sp. B English 100% N/A 2,120 -1,554 -73.3%
YES MovieTime Sp. B English 100% 5,106 13,783 9,017 65.4%
NO TVtropolis Sp. A English 66.67% 6,015 37,955 14,358 37.8%
NO Mystery TV Sp. A English 100% 1,966 14,541 5,992 41.2%
NO H2a  Sp. A English 100% 969 4,928 -1,487 -30.2%
YES History Television Sp. A English 100% 7,568 76,213 46,043 60.4%
NO IFC Sp. A English 100% 2,813 10,464 5,459 52.2%
YES Showcase Sp. A English 100% 8,845 74,157 46,979 63.4%
NO Action Sp. B English 100% 4,564 19,053 12,719 66.8%
NO Lifetimeb  Sp. B English 100% 4,342 17,493 10,682 61.1%
NO Slice Sp. A English 100% 6,079 41,134 8,594 20.9%
YES HGTV Canada Sp. A English 80.24% 8,698 72,325 34,231 47.3%
NO BBC Canada Sp. B English 80% 2,726 10,443 6,235 59.7%
NO Twist TV Sp. A English 100% 2,158 6,980 2,777 39.8%
YES National Geographic Channel Canada Sp. B English 64% 6,480 22,616 14,147 62.5%
YES NatGeo Wild Sp. B English 64% 274 508 -952 -187.3%
YES Food Network Canada Sp. A English 57.58% 7,369 59,753 29,515 49.4%
YES Historia Sp. A French 50% 2,072 19,742 9,135 46.3%
YES Séries+ Sp. A French 50% 2,088 30,576 16,625 54.4%
YES Duskc  Sp. B English 49% N/A 4,520 N/A N/A
NO Global Reality Channeld  Sp. D2 English 100% 1,129 1,848 -760 -41.1%
NO D.I.Y. Network Sp. D2 English 80.24% 2,484 10,743 7,428 69.2%
YES Shaw Pay-Per-View PPV** English 100% N/A 6,866 -13 -0.2%
YES Shaw Pay-Per-View PPV English 100% N/A 20,728 622 3.0%
NO Shaw on Demand VOD Bilingual 100% N/A 70,077 2,629 3.8%

a) The Cave was rebranded as H2 on 27 August 2012.

b) Showcase Diva was rebranded as Lifetime on 27 August 2012.

c) Dusk ceased operation on 23 March 2012.

d) Global Reality ceased operations on 1 November 2012.

*Financial results are based on 31 August 2012 data (in thousands)

Notes to table 4.3.14:

  1. In Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2011-601, the Commission determined it will publish complete financial information for specialty Category A (Analog and Category 1) services and specialty Category B (Category 2) services owned or controlled by a vertically integrated entity. The Commission also determined it will publish partial financial information for all independent individual specialty Category B (Category 2) services including total revenues, total programming expenses and total Canadian programming expenses. Complete financial information for all independent specialty Category B (Category 2) services on an aggregate basis is also included in this publication.
  2. Following a change in effective control, CTVglobemedia’s properties are now controlled by BCE (Broadcasting Decision 2011-163).
  3. Shaw is affiliated with Corus as J.R. Shaw has voting control of both companies.
  4. Following a change in effective control, Canwest’s properties are now controlled by Shaw  (Broadcasting Decision 2010-782).

Legend:

Sources: CRTC Ownership records and CRTC data collection

e) Programming expenditures

Table 4.3.15 Canadian Programming Expenditure (CPE) - CBC English- and French-language conventional television
Genre ( $ thousands ) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Annual growth %
2009 2010 2011 2012
News
(category 1)
132,457 165,717 203,223 191,924 196,688 25.1% 22.6% -5.6% 2.5%
Other information
(categories 2 to 5)
94,782 106,500 75,754 98,534 103,488 12.4% -28.9% 30.1% 5.0%
Sports
(category 6)
189,427 151,315 159,463 157,190 158,698 -20.1% 5.4% -1.4% 1.0%
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
137,363 129,403 139,042 141,049 158,420 -5.8% 7.4% 1.4% 12.3%
Music and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
27,059 21,432 13,700 12,912 26,120 -20.8% -36.1% -5.8% 102.3%
Game show
(category 10)
13,373 13,785 12,068 11,900 16,217 3.1% -12.5% -1.4% 36.3%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 74,584 62,352 80,167 94,059 73,063 -16.4% 28.6% 17.3% -22.3%
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
- -41 - 2,203 941 - - - -57.3%
Total (categories 1 to 15) 669,045 650,464 683,417 709,769 733,635 -2.8% 5.1% 3.9% 3.4%

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.16 Canadian Programming Expenditure (CPE) - Private conventional television
Genre ( $ thousands ) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Annual growth %
2009 2010 2011 2012
News
(category 1)
322,997 312,106 304,358 316,922 353,646 -3.4% -2.5% 4.1% 11.6%
Other information
(categories 2 to 5)
67,190 72,840 50,474 55,033 48,821        
8.4%
-30.7% 9.0% -11.3%
Sports
(category 6)
7,510 3,803 141,011 848 68,485 -49.4% 3,607.9% -99.4% 7,974.0%
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
88,334 77,372 71,365 58,322 58,918 -12.4% -7.8% -18.3% 1.0%
Music and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
24,706 38,182 21,678 33,006 29,429 54.5% -43.2% 52.3% -10.8%
Game show
(category 10)
16,559 12,510 22,933 22,033 17,546 -24.5% 83.3% -3.9% -20.4%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 90,443 82,293 68,256 75,577 83,842 -9.0% -17.1% 10.7% 10.9%
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
1,905 276 1,173 1,173 1,071 -85.5% 325.0% 0% -8.7%
Total
(categories 1 to 15)
619,643 599,383 681,248 562,914 661,759 -3.3% 13.7% -17.4% 17.6%
% of total revenue 28.98% 30.42% 31.73% 26.15% 32.5%        

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.14 Canadian programming expenditures (CPE) - distribution by genre for private conventional television, 2012

 

This pie chart depicts the percentage distribution by genre for the expenditures for private conventional television services: Other: 0%, News: 53%, Other Info: 7%, Sports: 10%, Drama & Comedy: 9%, Music/variety: 4%, Game Show: 3%, and Human interest & Award Shows: 13%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.17 Expenditures on non-Canadian programming - Private conventional television
Genre ($ thousands) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Annual growth %
2009 2010 2011 2012
News
(category 1)
5 20 145 90 57 300.0% 625.0% -38.0% -36.7%
Other information
(categories 2 to 5)
11,973 12,405 5,270 16,522 15,332 3.6% -57.5% 213.5% -7.2%
Sports
(category 6)
11,261 13,746 14,823 17,916 17,877 22.1% 7.8% 20.9% -0.2%
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
524,235 602,865 553,796 480,114 488,652 15.0% -8.1% -13.3% 1.8%
Music and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
28,825 31,710 32,968 31,878 47,333 10.0% 4.0% -3.0% 48.5%
Game show
(category 10)
47,892 13,016 6,078 11,460 5,278 -72.8% -53.3% 88.5% -53.9%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 151,667 172,007 164,091 169,059 151,234 13.4% -4.6% 3.0% -10.5%
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
-619 517 6 1,994 51 183.5% -98.8% 33,133% -43.7%
Total
(categories 1 to 15)
775,240 846,286 777,176 729,034 725,813 9.2% -8.2% -6.2% -0.4%
% of total revenues 36.3% 42.9% 36.2% 33.9% 35.6%        

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.18 Expenditures on Canadian and non-Canadian programming by genre reported by specialty and pay services
Genre ($ thousands) Eligible Expenditures on Canadian Programming (CPE)1 Expenditures on non-Canadian programming
2011 2012 Growth 2011 2012 Growth
Number of services reporting 116 132   116 132  
English-language services2
News (category 1) 131,514 148,312 12.8% 148 52 -64.9%
Other information (categories 2 to 5) 208,937 182,241 -12.8% 44,099 44,121 0.0%
Sports (category 6) 334,154 399,041 19.4% 55,843 66,667 19.4%
Drama and comedy (category 7) 146,451 156,113 6.6% 251,870 258,864 2.8%
Music and variety (categories 8 & 9) 25,445 22,834 -10.3% 951 1,482 55.8%
Game show (category 10) 13,435 8,060 -40.0% 1,337 1,701 27.2%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 76,510 93,287 21.9% 32,047 37,372 16.6%
Other (categories 12 to 15) 31,196 36,384 16.6% 627 565 -9.9%
Total (categories 1 to 15) 967,643 1,046,272 8.1% 386,921 410,824 6.2%
Number of services reporting 28 29   28 29  
French-language services
News (category 1) 51,530 69,267 34.4% 462 281 -39.2%
Other information (categories 2 to 5) 73,107 74,817 2.3% 8,827 8,898 0.8%
Sports (category 6) 61,573 85,251 38.5% 5,838 7,310 25.2%
Drama & comedy (category 7) 33,712 35,456 5.2% 39,966 42,257 5.7%
Music and variety (category 8 & 9) 6,873 9,053 31.7% 1,099 1,585 44.2%
Game show (category 10) 655 1,071 63.5% 1 0 -100.0%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 18,698 17,892 -4.3% 2,939 2,969 1.0%
Other (category 12 to 15) 7,331 9,721 32.6% 87 363 317.2%
Total (categories 1 to 15) 253,478 302,528 19.4% 59,219 63,664 7.5%
Number of services reporting 37 43   37 43  
Ethnic or third-language services
News (category 1) 3,981 3, 995 0.4% 1,397 1,412 1.1%
Other information (categories 2 to 5) 3,264 2,614 -19.9% 382 530 38.7%
Sports (category 6) 1,959 2,166 10.6% 1,349 1,410 4.5%
Drama and comedy (category 7) 2,351 2,373 0.9% 4,697 4,748 1.1%
Music and variety (categories 8 & 9) 6,282 6,228 -0.9% 829 780 -5.9%
Game show (category 10) 398 463 16.3% 517 478 -7.5%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 3,157 3,159 0.1% 2,505 2,374 -5.2%
Other (categories 12 to 15) 3,013 2,822 -6.3% 672 619 -7.9%
Total (categories 1 to 15) 24,406 23,820 -2.4% 12,349 12,350 0.0%
Number of services reporting 181 204   181 204  
Total specialty services
News (category 1) 187,025 221,575 18.5% 2,007 1,746 -13.0%
Other information (categories 2 to 5) 285,308 259,671 -9.0% 53,308 53,549 0.5%
Sports (category 6) 397,686 486,458 22.3% 63,029 75,387 19.6%
Drama and comedy (category 7) 182,514 193,942 6.3% 296,533 305,868 3.1%
Music and variety (categories 8 & 9) 38,600 38,114 -1.3% 2,879 3,846 33.6%
Game show (category 10) 14,488 9,593 -33.8% 1,856 2,179 17.4%
Human interest and award shows (category 11) 98,365 114,338 16.2% 37,491 42,715 13.9%
Other (categories 12 to 15) 41,540 48,928 17.8% 1,386 1,547 11.6%
Total (categories 1 to 15) 1,245,528 1,372,620 10.2% 458,489 486,838 6.2%
  1. Includes bilingual services. Excludes CTF “top-up” funding reported by pay and specialty services. Includes expenditures relating to tangible benefits and to commitments made at the time of licensing.
  2. Includes bilingual services.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.3.19 Canadian programming expenditures (CPE) reported by PPV and VOD services
($ thousands) Eligible Expenditures on Canadian Programming (CPE)
2011 2012 Growth
Number of services reporting 23 25  
Total PPV and VOD services 16,838 16,280 -3.3%

Source: CRTC data collection

4.4 Broadcasting distribution market sector

This pie chart shows the percentage of BDU broadcast distribution revenues as a proportion of all broadcasting revenues. In 2012, these revenues were 52% of all broadcasting revenues.

Overview

BDUs distribute programming services from conventional television and radio stations, as well as pay audio, pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty television services. In 2012, Canadians were served by four types of service providers: cable BDUs, IPTV providers, national DTH distributors, and MDS operators. The sector is dominated by five large companies utilizing either cable or satellite facilities, capturing 88% of programming distribution revenues. Other services provided by the BDUs, such as Internet and telephony, are discussed in sections 3.1, 5.3 and 6.1 of this report.

This section presents BDU revenue and subscriber details for a five-year period. It displays the growth, performance, technology, and financial indicators of the market sector, as well as the disbursements made under affiliate agreement with Canadian and non-Canadian pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty service providers.

 

Broadcasting distribution sector at a glance
  2011 2012 %
growth
Revenues ($ billions) 8.6 8.7 1.1
Subscribers (millions) 11.9# 12.0 1.0
Revenues per subscriber per month 61.84# 61.90 0.1
Percent of households subscribing 86.1% 86.0%  
Market share (subscriber)
Top four major cable operators 60% 59%  
DTH operators 24% 24%  
Number of service providers1
Cable BDU 212 211  
IPTV 19 24  
MDS 5 4  
DTH 2 2  
Affiliation payments per subscription dollar $0.354 $0.356  
EBITDA margin 22.8% 23.4%  
Cable and IPTV 22.6% 20.7%  
DTH and MDS 23.3% 30.1%  
  1. Source: September 2012 Mediastats.

Statistical Information - Broadcasting distribution undertakings

a) Industry revenues

Table 4.4.1 Broadcasting distribution – Basic and non-basic revenues
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR
2008-2012
Revenues ($ millions)
Cable 4,653.5 4,971.3 5,402.2# 5,600.9# 5,472.9 4.1%
Percentage of total 67.3 66.9 66.4 65.1 62.9  
Percentage growth 9.3 6.8 8.7 3.7 -2.3  
IPTV 108.4 151.4 207.8 322.3 585.3 52.5%
Percentage of total 1.6 2.0 2.6 3.7 6.7  
Percentage growth 43.3 39.8 37.2 55.1 81.6  
DTH and MDS 2,036.2 2,195.6 2,385.3 2,532.1# 2,492.4 5.2%
Percentage total 29.5 29.6 29.3 29.4 28.7  
Percentage growth 11.0 7.8 8.6 6.2 -1.6  
Reporting BDUs subtotal 6,798.0 7,318.3 7,995.4# 8,455.3# 8,550.7 5.9%
Percentage of total 98.3 98.5 98.3 98.3 98.3  
Percentage growth 10.2 7.7 9.3 5.8 1.1  
Non-reporting BDUs 115.6 121.8# 136.4# 145.0# 145.0 5.8%
Percentage of total 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7  
Percentage growth -13.9 5.4 12.0 6.4 0.0  
Total revenues 6,913.6 7,440.1# 8,131.7# 8,600.3# 8,695.7 5.9%
Percentage growth 9.7 7.6 9.3 5.8 1.1  

Source: CRTC data collection

b) Subscriber data

Table 4.4.2 Broadcasting distribution – Basic and non-basic subscribers
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR
2008-2012
Subscribers (thousands)
   Cable 7,691.7 7,782.7 7,877.0 # 7,858.5 # 7,682.6 0.0%
Percentage of total 70.1 69.4 68.3 66.3 64.2  
Percentage growth 2.2 1.2 1.2 -0.2 -2.2  
IPTV 225.0 311.4 416.9 657.3 1,002.4 45.3%
Percentage of total 2.1 2.8 3.6 5.5 8.4  
Percentage growth 35.4 38.4 33.9 57.6 52.5  
DTH and MDS 2,699.5 2,760.9 2,862.1 2,877.4 2,825.7 1.1%
Percentage of total 24.6 24.6 24.8 24.3 23.6  
Percentage growth 2.6 2.3 3.7 0.5 -1.8  
Reporting BDUs subtotal 10,616.3 10,854.9 11,156.0# 11,393.2 # 11,510.7 2.0%
Percentage of total 96.8 96.8 96.8 96.1 96.1  
Percentage growth 2.8 2.2 2.8 2.1 1.0  
Non-reporting BDUs 350.2 365.2 # 371.4 # 463.1 # 463.1 7.2%
Percentage of total 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.9 3.9  
Percentage growth -18.4 4.3 1.7 24.7 0.0  
Total subscribers 10,966.4 11,220.1 11,527.4 # 11,856.3 # 11,973.8 2.2%
Percentage growth 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.9 1.0  

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.4.3 Top Canadian distributors and number of subscribers (thousands)
Corporations 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR
2009-2013
RCI1  2,312 2,296 2,303 2,276 2,189 -1.4%
Percentage growth 0.7 -0.7 0.3 -1.2 -3.8  
Shaw2  2,274 2,329 2,313 2,257 2,137 -1.5%
Percentage growth 1.4 2.4 -0.7 -2.4 -5.3  
Videotron1  1,729 1,786 1,809 1,854 1,849 1.7%
Percentage growth 4.7 3.3 1.3 2.5 -0.3  
Cogeco2  868 874 881 873 853 -0.4%
Percentage growth 1.0 0.7 0.8 -0.8 -2.4  
Subtotal – Cable 7,183 7,284 7,305 7,260 7,028 -0.5%
Percentage growth 1.9 1.4 0.3 -0.6 -3.2  
Star Choice2,3  897 903 906 911 907 0.3%
Percentage growth 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 -0.4  
BCE1,4  1,864 1,969 2,043 2,112 2,170 3.9%
Percentage growth 2.2 5.6 3.8 3.3 2.8  
Subtotal – DTH and IPTV 2,761 2,872 2,950 3,022 3,077 2.8%
Percentage growth 1.9 4.0 2.7 2.5 1.8  
Total – Top Canadian distributors 9,944 10,156 10,255 10,283 10,105 0.4%
Percentage growth 1.9 2.1 1.0 0.3 -1.7  
% of all subscribers 89.6# 89.3# 87.7# 86.3 n.a.  
  1. As of fiscal year ending 31 March each year.
  2. As of fiscal year ending 28 February each year.
  3. Star Choice Television Network Inc. is controlled by Shaw Communications Inc.
  4. BCE includes Bell ExpressVu LLP, DTH and Bell Canada VDSL-based IPTV. Includes Northwestel as of 2011.

Source: Corporate quarterly reports

c) Performance and technology indicators

Table 4.4.4 Broadcasting distribution – Percentage of households subscribing to BDUs
Monthly revenues/subscriber 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012  CAGR
2008-2012
Cable 50.42 53.23 57.15 59.39 # 59.36 4.2%
Percentage growth 6.9 5.6 7.4 3.9 0.0  
IPTV 40.13 40.52 41.53 40.86 48.66 4.9%
Percentage growth 5.8 1.0 2.5 -1.6 19.1  
DTH and MDS 62.86 66.27 69.45 73.33 # 73.51 4.0%
Percentage growth 8.2 5.4 4.8 5.6 0.2  
Reporting BDUs subtotal 53.36 56.18 59.72 61.84 # 61.90 3.8%
Percentage growth 7.2 5.3 6.3 3.6 0.1  
Household subscription rate (%) 83.2 83.1 84.5 86.1 86.0  

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.4.1 Percentage of revenues and subscribers by type of distribution platform in 2012

This pair of pie charts show the market share of revenues and subscribers by type of distribution platform.  For revenues: DTH and MDS are 29%, Cable is 64%, and IPTV is 7%.  For subscribers: DTH and MDS are 24%, Cable is 78%, and IPTV is 8%.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.4.2 Percentage of BDU subscribers receiving digital and non-digital services

This stacked bar chart shows the percentage of BDU subscribers that receive digital and non-digital services for the years 2008 to 2012.  For analog: 38%, 32%, 24%, 20% and 17%.  For digital: 62%, 68%, 76%, 80% and 83%.

Source: Mediastats and CRTC data collection

d) Financial performance

Figure 4.4.3 EBITDA margins achieved from basic and non-basic programming services

This line chart shows the EBITDA margins in percentage of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization achieved from basic and non-basic programming activities by cable and DTH and MDS undertakings during the years 2008 to 2012. Cable: 28.1%, 25.9%, 25.6%, 22.6%, and 20.7%; DTH and MDS: 19.0%, 20.8%, 23.9%, 23.3% and 30.1%; Cable, DTH and MDS combined:  25.3%, 24.3%, 25.1%, 22.8% and 23.4%.

Source: CRTC data collection

e) Disbursements under affiliate agreements

Table 4.4.5 Affiliation payments made to Canadian and non-Canadian pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services reported by BDUs
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR
2008-2012
Payments to Canadian affiliates Cable 1,304 1,473 1,633# 1,808# 1,963 10.8%
Percentage of total cable 86 88 87 87 88  
Percentage growth   13 11 11 9  
DTH and MDS 678 738 819 838 726 1.7%
Percentage of total DTH and MDS 92 91 92 91 89  
Percentage growth   9 11 2 -13  
Combined
Pay 541 596 647# 682# 679 5.9%
Percentage of total pay 94 94 93 93 95  
Percentage growth   10 9 5 0  
Specialty 1,441 1,616 1,805 1,964# 2,010 8.7%
Percentage of total specialty 85 87 87 87 86  
Percentage growth   12 12 9 2  
Total 1,982 2,211 2,452# 2,645# 2,689 7.9%
Percentage of total 88 89 89 89 88  
Percentage growth   12 11 8 2  
Payments to Non-Canadian affiliates Cable 219 207 243# 262 270 5.4%
Percentage of total cable 14 12 13 13 12  
Percentage growth   -5 18 8 3  
DTH and MDS 63 70 75 81 86 8.2%
Percentage of total DTH and MDS 8 9 8 9 11  
Percentage growth   11 8 8 5  
Combined
Pay 32 38 46 48 34 1.5%
Percentage of total pay 6 6 7 7 5  
Percentage growth   17 21 3 -28  
Specialty 249 238 272# 296 321 6.6%
Percentage of total specialty 15 13 13 13 14  
Percentage growth   -4 14 9 8  
Total 281 276 318# 344# 355 6.0%
Percentage of total 12 11 11 11 12  
Percentage growth   -2 15 8 3  
Total affiliate payments Cable 1,523 1,680 1,877# 2,070# 2,232 10.0%
Percentage of total 67 68 68 69 73  
Percentage growth   10 12 10 8  
DTH and MDS 741 807 894 919 812 2.3%
Percentage of total 33 32 32 31 27  
Percentage growth   9 11 3 -12  
Combined
Pay 574 634 693# 730# 714 5.6%
Percentage of total 25 25 25 24 23  
Percentage growth   10 9 5 -2  
Specialty 1,690 1,854 2,077# 2,259# 2,331 8.4%
Percentage of total 75 75 75 76 77  
Percentage growth   10 12 9 3  
Total 2,264 2,488 2,770# 2,989# 3,045 7.7%
Percentage growth   10 11 8 2  

Source: CRTC data collection

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