Communications Monitoring Report 2014: Broadcasting System

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4.0 Broadcasting System

This pie chart shows the television, radio, and BDU revenues as a percentage of total broadcasting revenues in 2013. Television: 38%; Radio: 9%; BDU: 53%; broadcasting revenues: $17.1 billion.

Who are the five large companies?

The five large companies were BCE, Cogeco, Quebecor Media, Rogers Communications, and Shaw Communications.

In 2013, the Canadian broadcasting system was dominated by five large companies that, collectively, with their affiliates, accounted for over 85% of total Canadian broadcasting revenues ($17.1 billion). The remaining entities were smaller companies, whose combined annual revenues were less than $3.1 billion.

In 2013, companies operating in all five sectors of the broadcasting system [i.e. radio, television, broadcasting distribution undertaking (BDU), specialty and video on demand (VOD), and pay and pay-per-view (PPV)] accounted for approximately 71% of total Canadian broadcasting revenues. Companies operating in only one market sector accounted for 6% of these revenues.

This section presents an overview of the financial performance of Canadian broadcasting entities, and examines a number of financial indicators, such as revenues over a five-year period, from which market trends can be displayed. It also examines some of the characteristics of the industry regarding ownership.

Table 4.0.0
Broadcasting at a glance
2012 2013 % growth
Revenues($ millions) Broadcasting 16,891# 17,111 1.3
Radio 1,620 1,623 0.2
Television 6,514 6,499 -0.2
BDU 8,757# 8,990 2.7
PBIT($ millions) Radio 323 327 1.3
Television 939 1,080 14.9
EBITDA ($ millions) BDU 2,013 2,145 6.6

Source: CRTC data collection

The data in this table show revenue growth among licensed broadcasting entities for 2012 and 2013. Included are total profits before interest and taxes (PBIT) [a measure of profitability] for radio and television, and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) [a measure of profitability] for BDUs.

BDU revenue estimates for non-reporting BDUs exclude exempt and non-programming services (telephone and Internet service). Also, BDU EBITDA includes only television services (basic and non-basic services).

The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

a) Revenues

Table 4.0.1
Broadcasting revenues ($ millions)
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR
2009-2013
Radio AM 306 307 311 306 295 -1.9 %
Percentage growth -7.4% 0.4% 1.2% -1.6% -3.7%
FM 1,201 1,245 1,302 1,314 1,328 1.0 %
Percentage growth -4.9% 3.6% 4.6% 0.9% 1.1%
Radio total 1,508 1,552 1,613 1,620 1,623 0.4 %
Percentage growth -5.4% 2.9% 3.9% 0.4% 0.2%
Television CBC conventional television 392 450 500 508 464 5.4 %
Percentage growth -4.9% 14.8% 11.1% 1.6% -8.7%
Private conventional television 1,971 2,142 2,144 2,038 1,944 -1.2 %
Percentage growth -7.8% 8.7% 0.1% -5.0% -4.6%
Pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty service 3,121 3,475 3,748 3,968 4,091 7.9 %
Percentage growth 6.5% 11.3% 7.9% 5.9% 3.1%
Television total 5,484 6,067 6,392 6,514 6,499 4.4 %
Percentage growth 0.1% 10.6% 5.4% 1.9% -0.2%
BDU Cable and IPTV 5,123 5,610 5,927# 6,068# 6,321 6.2 %
Percentage growth 7.6% 9.5% 5.7% 2.4% 4.2%
DTH/MDS undertakings 2,196 2,385 2,532 2,492 2,472 5.2 %
Percentage growth 7.8% 8.6% 6.2% -1.6% -0.8%
Non-reporting BDUs 123 134 127# 196# 196 5.8 %
Percentage growth 6.1% 9.6% -5.6% 54.8% 0.0%
BDU total 7,441 8,130 8,586 8,757 8,990 5.9 %
Percentage growth 7.6% 9.3% 5.6% 2.0% 2.7%
Total Broadcasting 14,432 15,749 16,591 16,891 17,111 4.7 %
Percentage growth 3.2% 9.1% 5.3% 1.8% 1.3%

Source: CRTC data collection

In the table above, broadcasting revenues are organized by type of service and further by each service’s component parts to show discrete growth patterns between 2009 and 2013. The table shows a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for each component. Although some components, such as AM radio and private conventional television, lost revenues over the study period, others, such as pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty TV service, and cable and Internet Protocol television (IPTV), showed gains.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) revenues include advertising and other commercial revenues. Parliamentary appropriations are excluded. The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

b) Industry characteristics

Table 4.0.2
Percentage of broadcasting revenues generated by companies operating in multiple sectors
Number of sectors in which
companies offer service
Number of reporting companies
operating in these sectors
Percentage of broadcasting revenues
generated in these sectors
2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013
5 3 3 3 68 66 71
4 2 2 1 15 15 9
3 3 2 2 5 5 5
2 15 16 19 7 8 9
1 170 171 164 6 7 6

Source: CRTC data collection

The broadcasting industry comprises five sectors: radio, television, BDU, specialty and VOD, and pay and PPV television. While most companies operate in one sector only, a few operate in all five. This table sets out the number of companies by the number of sectors in which they operate, and the percentage of total revenues generated by those companies. Taken together, the data illustrate that a few companies operating in multiple sectors earned about two-thirds of total industry revenues. Affiliated companies are included with their parent company.

Figure 4.0.1 Percent of total combined broadcasting revenues by ownership groups, and remaining groups and entities

This pie chart shows broadcasting revenues for the top 5 group of companies, the next top 5 group and the remaining companies for 2011, 2012 and 2013. Top 5 companies: 82 %, 81% and 85%; Next 5 companies: 10 %, 11% and 7%; Remaining companies: 8 %, 8% and 8%.

This figure shows the combined percentage of broadcasting revenues of Canada’s five largest groups—BCE, Shaw (including Corus), Rogers, Quebecor, Cogeco,—as well as the next five largest—TELUS, Bragg, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Newcap, Saskatchewan Telecommunications, and the remaining 179 groups/entities in the industry.

Groups’ revenues include those of their affiliates.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.0.2 Commercial radio revenues by broadcaster (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of total 2013 revenues achieved by the largest commercial radio broadcasters., Corus: 11%, BCE: 29%, Newcap: 8%, Rogers: 14%, Cogeco: 7% and other broadcasters: 32%.

The individual sectors of Canada’s broadcasting industry are each dominated by a handful of large companies. For example, Figure 4.0.2 shows that the five largest companies in the radio sector account for more than 68% of industry revenues. As Figure 4.0.3 shows, the five largest Canadian television broadcasters account for 74% of revenues in that market, and Figure 4.0.4 shows that the five largest BDUs account for 86% of revenues in that market.

Source: CRTC data collection

Canada’s five largest commercial radio broadcasters accounted for more than 68% of total industry revenues in 2013. Operators in the “Other” category are much smaller companies, the six largest of which account for about 15% of total market share.

The “percentage of total revenue” calculation is based on total revenues reported for each service where the broadcaster had greater than 50% direct and indirect voting interest as of 31 August 2013.

Figure 4.0.3 Commercial television revenues by broadcaster (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of total 2013 revenues achieved by the largest OTA conventional, Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty television broadcasters. Quebecor Media: 6%, Shaw: 13%, Corus: 8%, Rogers: 11%, BCE: 33%, CBC: 9%, Remstar: 1% and other broadcasters: 19%.

The five largest commercial television broadcasters accounted for 74% of total industry revenues in 2013.

The calculation of the percentage of total revenue is based on the total revenues reported for each service where the broadcaster had greater than 50% direct and indirect voting interest as of 31 August 2013.

In the determination of the top 5 companies, Shaw Communications and Corus Entertainment were combined. CBC revenues include advertising, subscriber, and other commercial revenues only. Parliamentary appropriations were excluded.

Source: CRTC data collection

 

Figure 4.0.4 BDU revenues by operator (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of total 2013 revenues achieved by the top five broadcasting distribution operators. Top five operators are BCE, Cogeco, Rogers, Shaw, Videotron (Quebecor) achieved 86% and all remaining operators 14% of total revenues.

The largest share of Canada’s BDU market is in the hands of five operators: BCE, Cogeco Cable, Rogers Communications, Shaw Communications, and Videotron. Combined, these companies account for 86% of total BDU revenues. The remaining firms account for the remaining 14% of market share.

The figures presented in this section include estimates for non-reporting BDUs.

Source: CRTC data collection

c) Financial performance

Figure 4.0.5 Total broadcasting revenues and PBIT/EBITDA margins

This line clustered column chart on two axes shows broadcasting revenues, in billions of dollars, by sector for each year between 2009 and 2013. Commercial radio: 1.5, 1.6, 1.6, 1.6 and 1.6; Total commercial television: 5.1, 5.6, 5.9, 6.0 and 6.0; CBC conventional television, excluding government funding: 0.4, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5; BDU programming revenues, including non-reporting BDU: 7.4, 8.1, 8.6, 8.7 and 9.0; Combined revenues: 14.4, 15.7, 16.6, 16.8 and 17.1. This chart also sets out the EBITDA margins achieved by BDUs and the PBIT margins achieved by commercial radio and television broadcasting sectors over the same time period: BDU EBITDA margins, based on programming services only: 24.3%, 25.1%, 22.8%, 23.2% and 23.9%; commercial radio PBIT margins: 18.0%, 19.2%, 19.3%, 19.9% and 20.2%; commercial television PBIT margins: 12.0%, 16.0%, 18.5%, 15.7% and 17.9%.

The bars on the left of the graph show total broadcasting industry revenues and total revenues generated in each of the industry’s subcategories (BDU, commercial television, commercial radio, and by the CBC). The lines on the right show the PBIT margins for radio and television services, and the EBITDA margins for BDUs.

Source: CRTC data collection

4.1 Radio market sector

This pie chart shows percentage of radio revenues as a proportion of all broadcasting revenues in 2013. Radio revenues were 9% of all broadcasting revenues, with television being 38% and BDU being 53%. Total broadcasting revenues were $17.1 billion.

Canadians have access to a wide variety of musical choices, news platforms, and discussion forums, with nearly 1,200 radio and audio services available. Approximately 99% of these services are available over the air, while the remaining 1% is subscription based. Canada’s public broadcaster, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), accounts for nearly 8% of all radio and audio services, while private commercial broadcasters account for 61%. The remaining 31% consists of religious, community, campus, Aboriginal, and other radio and audio services.

This section presents radio market sector details, audience measurement, and financial results by service type, language, and ownership group.

Table 4.1.0
Radio sector at a glance
2012 2013 % growth
Number of radio and audio services authorized in Canada 1,156 1,174 1.6
English-language 878 885 0.8
French-language 246 244 -0.8
Third-language 32 45 40.6
Total number of private commercial radio and audio
services in Canada
708 712 0.6
English-language share 82 81 -0.7
French-language share 15 14 -4.5
Total commercial radio revenues ($ millions) 1,620 1,623 0.2
English-language share 81 81 0.3
French-language share
16 16 -0.7
Largest private commercial radio operators
(% of total revenues)
69 68 -1.7
English-language market - top 5 69 67 -2.8
French-language market - top 2 42 42 0.4
Private commercial broadcasters profit before interest
and taxes (PBIT ($ millions)
323 328 1.6
English-language broadcasters 278 285 2.7
French-language broadcasters 40 37 -7.1

Source: CRTC data collection

The data in this table show the growth in Canadian radio (over-the-air stations) and audio services (such as satellite services, specialty audio, and pay audio) that were authorized to broadcast in 2012 and 2013. Specifically, the table shows the growth in both the number of services and in their revenues. The data show an overall increase in the number of Canadian radio services and revenues over the reporting period. The data are also separated into English- and French-language streams to reflect Canada’s linguistic duality.

In this section, please note that

a) Revenues

Table 4.1.1
Revenues and number of undertakings reporting financial results for private commercial radio stations, by language and band
  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 % growth
2012-2013
CAGR (%)
2009-2013
Revenues ($ millions)
AM English-language 271.9 272.1 274.9 274.9 264.6 -3.7 -0.7
AM French-language 11.6 11.2 11.7 6.1 4.7 -22.6 -20.1
AM ethnic 22.7 24.0 24.4 25.2 25.3 0.3 2.7
AM total 306.2 307.3 311.1 306.2 294.6 -3.8 -1.0
FM English-language 958.8 987.3 1,035.3 1,042.1 1,053.8 1.1 2.4
FM French-language 226.8 239.9 246.7 251.8 253.2 0.5 2.8
FM ethnic 16.2 17.9 19.8 20.2 21.1 4.5 6.8
FM total 1,201.8 1,244.7 1,301.6 1,314.1 1,328.0 1.1 2.5
 Total revenues 1,508.0 1,552.4 1,613.8 1,620.3 1,622.7 0.1 1.8
Number of undertakings reporting financial results
AM English-language 129 120 115 111 112 0.9 -3.5
AM French-language 9 9 7 6 8 33.3 -2.9
AM ethnic 12 12 12 12 13 8.3 2.0
AM total 150 141 134 129 133 3.1 -3.0
FM English-language 401 419 435 444 484 9.0 4.8
FM French-language 90 87 89 90 89 -1.1 -0.3
FM ethnic 10 10 11 12 14 16.7 8.8
FM total 501 516 535 546 587 7.5 4.0
Total number of undertakings reporting 651 657 669 675 720 6.7 2.6

Source: CRTC data collection

The data in this table show revenue trends for private commercial AM and FM radio stations, for English-, French-, and ethnic-language stations, for the period between 2009 and 2013, including the yearly growth for such stations between 2012 and 2013, and over the entire study period.

Network results are included; however, pay and specialty audio programming services, as well as multi-channel subscription radio services, have been excluded.

Table 4.1.2
Revenues – CBC/SRC radio
Revenues ($ thousands) 2011 2012 2013
Advertising revenues 0 0 0
Annual growth (%) - - -
Parliamentary appropriation 327,267 316,508 295,523
Annual growth (%) -5.6 -3.3 -6.6
Sales/syndication of programs 859 952 1,087
Annual growth (%) -3.9 10.9 14.2
Miscellaneous 8,803 8,432 8,145
Annual growth (%) -18.9 -4.2 -3.4
Total revenues 336,928 325,892 304,756
Annual growth (%) -6.0 -3.3 -6.5
Number of units 78# 78# 81

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the percentage of and absolute changes in radio revenues earned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Société Radio-Canada (CBC/SRC) in 2011, 2012, and 2013. The “number of units” row at the bottom of the table refers to the number of stations reporting in each year.

The data in the following figures present a detailed analysis of private commercial English- and French-language AM and FM radio stations. They provide an overview of the overall performance of each sector. For example, data on average annual revenues are compared to profit before interest and taxes (PBIT) to indicate the financial health of groups of radio stations. The data for AM stations and FM stations, as well as the broadcast language, are segmented to show the variations for each of these criteria.

Figure 4.1.1 Revenues – Private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations’ revenues: 306, 307, 311,, 306 and 295; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 150, 141, 134, 129 and 133; FM radio stations revenues: 1,202, 1,245, 1,302, 1,314 and 1,328; Number of FM undertakings reporting:  501, 516, 535, 546 and 587; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 1,508, 1,552, 1,614, 1,620 and 1,623; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 651, 657, 669, 675 and 720. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 80%, 80%, 81%, 81% and 82% and FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 77%, 79%, 80%, 81% and 82%.

Overall revenues for private commercial radio stations have increased in each year between 2009 and 2013. Although AM radio revenues have remained relatively flat, revenues derived from FM stations have increased.

The data in this figure include network results, but exclude pay and specialty audio programming services, as well as multi-channel subscription audio services.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.2 Revenues – English-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of English-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations revenues: 272, 272, 275, 275 and 265; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 129, 120, 115, 111 and 112; FM radio stations revenues:  959, 987, 1,035, 1,042 and 1,054; Number of FM undertakings reporting: 401, 419, 435, 444 and 484; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 1,230, 1,259,1,310, 1,317 and 1,318; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 530, 539, 550, 555 and 596. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 78%, 78%, 79%, 79% and 80%; and FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 76%, 78%, 79%, 80% and 81%.

The bars in this graph show the revenues and number of private commercial English-language undertakings reporting financial information from 2009 to 2013. The line data correspond to the right axis and show the revenues derived from FM stations and the number of FM undertakings reporting as a percentage of each respective total. Both the number of undertakings and revenues have increased over the last five years.

An undertaking is an entity that is licensed by the CRTC and required to carry out broadcasting operations.

The data in this figure include network results, but exclude pay and specialty audio programming services, as well as multi-channel subscription audio services.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.3 Revenues – French-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of French-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations revenues: 12, 11, 12, 6 and 5; number of AM undertakings reporting: 9, 9, 7, 6 and 8; FM radio stations revenues: 227, 240, 247, 252 and 253; Number of FM undertakings reporting: 90, 87, 89, 90 and 89; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 238, 251, 258, 258 and 258; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 99, 96, 96, 96, and 97. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 95%, 96%, 95%, 98% and 98%; FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 91%, 91%, 93%, 94% and 92%.

The bars in this graph show the revenues and number of private commercial French-language undertakings reporting financial information from 2009 to 2013. The line data correspond to the right axis and show the revenues derived from FM stations and the number of FM undertakings reporting as a percentage of each respective total.

The data in this figure include network results, but exclude pay and specialty audio programming services, as well as multi-channel subscription audio services.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.1.3
Revenues for Type B Native, community, and campus radio stations
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Native Type B radio stations
Number of radio undertakings reporting 28 28 23 23 32
Revenues ($ thousands)
Advertising 4,989 5,445 3,704 3,738 4,170
Other 11,137 11,396 11,377 7,069 10,715
Total revenues 16,125 16,841 15,080 10,806 14,886
Other as a percent of total revenues (%) 69.1 67.7 75.4 65.4 72.0
PBIT margin (%) 13.9 10.8 5.9 -3.3 -0.2
Community radio stations
Number of radio undertakings reporting 84 90 99 98 109
Revenues ($ thousands)
Advertising 12,217 13,784 15,196 15,125 14,416
Other 12,005 13,297 14,903 14,595 16,535
Total revenues 24,222 27,081 30,099 29,720 30,951
Other as a percent of total revenues (%) 49.6 49.1 49.5 49.1 53.4
PBIT margin (%) 6.7 8.1 10.6 4.9 6.6
Campus radio stations
Number of radio undertakings reporting 45 44 47 47 48
Revenues ($ thousands)
Advertising 1,059 1,196 1,082 1,004 874
Other 7,289 6,907 7,398 7,756 8,290
Total revenues 8,348 8,103 8,480 8,759 9,165
Other as a percent of total revenues (%) 87.3 85.2 87.2 88.5 90.5
PBIT margin (%) 9.8 10.6 20.7 10.9 8.6

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the number of undertakings reporting, their revenues, and their PBIT margins (PBIT divided by total revenues) for radio stations operating in the context of the CRTC’s Native Broadcasting Policy, as well as community and campus stations, for the period from 2009 to 2013.

Revenues increased over the period for all three types of stations, and PBIT margins improved for Native Type B and community stations between 2012 and 2013. The PBIT margins decreased in the last year for campus stations.

Note that for Native Type B stations, “other revenues” include government and band council grants and contributions, and that for Native Type B, community, and campus stations, “other revenues” include fundraising and other sources.

b) Financial performance

Note: The data presented in the figures in this subsection include network results, but exclude pay and specialty audio programming services, as well as multi-channel subscription audio services.

Figure 4.1.4 Average per-station annual revenues and PBIT – Private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the average annual revenue and PBIT per station, in millions of dollars, of Canadian private commercial radio for each year from 2009 to 2013. Average annual revenues per station:  AM stations: 2.0, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.2; FM stations: 2.4, 2.4, 2.4, 2.4 and 2.5; AM and FM combined:  2.3, 2.4, 2.4, 2.4 and 2.3.  Average PBIT per station: AM stations: 0.1, 0.2, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.2; FM stations: 0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5; AM and FM combined: 0.4, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5.

This graph shows the average annual per-station revenues and PBIT for private commercial AM and FM stations from 2009 to 2013. PBIT is a measure of profitability.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.5 PBIT and PBIT margin – Private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: 21, 30, 32, 33 and 25, and AM PBIT margin: 6.7%, 9.8%, 10.3%, 10.7% and 8.4%. PBIT FM radio stations: 251, 269, 280, 290 and 303; and FM PBIT margin: 20.9%, 21.6%, 21.5%, 22.1% and 22.8%. PBIT for Total AM and FM radio stations: 272, 299, 312, 323 and 328, and AM and FM PBIT margin: 18.0%, 19.3%, 19.3%, 19.9% and 20.2%.

This graph shows PBITs and PBIT margins for private commercial AM and FM stations. While PBIT and PBIT margins for AM stations decreased between 2012 and 2013, there was an overall increase for both types of stations in PBIT and PBIT margins between 2009 and 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.6 Average annual revenues and PBIT per station – English-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the AM, FM, and AM and FM combined revenues per station with revenues, in millions of dollars, of English-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis depicts PBIT for AM, FM and AM and FM combined per station. AM radio stations revenues per station: 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 2.4; FM radio stations revenues per station: 2.4, 2.4, 2.4, 2.3 and 2.2. Total radio AM and FM revenues per station: 2.3, 2.3, 2.4, 2.4 and 2.2. The second axis depicts the PBIT information in millions of dollars. PBIT per station for AM: 0.2, 0.3, 0.3, 0.3 and 0.2. PBIT per station for FM: 0.5, 0.5, 0.6, 0.6 and 0.5. PBIT per station for AM and FM: 0.4, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5 and 0.5.

Average annual per-station revenues for English-language private commercial radio stations have remained relatively constant from 2009 to 2013, while PBIT margins fell between 2012 and 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.7 PBIT and PBIT margin – English-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of English-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: 24, 31, 31, 30 and 22; and AM PBIT margin: 8.8%, 11.3%, 11.2%, 11.0% and 8.3%. PBIT FM radio stations: 211, 222, 239, 248 and 264; and FM PBIT margin: 21.9%, 22.5%, 23.1%, 23.8% and 25.0%.  Total AM and FM radio stations: 234, 253, 270, 278 and 285; and AM and FM PBIT margin: 19.0%, 20.1%, 20.6%, 21.1% and 21.7%%.

PBIT for English-language private commercial radio stations has increased every year from 2009 to 2013, largely as a result of PBIT growth in FM stations. PBIT margins for all stations have also increased every year from 2009 to 2013, but at a slower rate than absolute profits.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.8 Average annual revenues and PBIT per station – French-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the AM, FM, and AM and FM combined revenues per station with revenues, in millions of dollars, of French-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis depicts PBIT for AM, FM and AM and FM combined per station. AM radio stations revenues per station: 1.3, 1.2, 1.7, 1.0 and 0.6.; FM radio stations revenues per station: 2.5, 2.8, 2.8, 2.8 and 2.8. Total radio AM and FM revenues per station: 2.4, 2.6, 2.7, 2.7 and 2.7. The second axis depicts the PBIT information in millions of dollars. PBIT per station for AM: -0.4, -0.2, -0.0, 0.0 and -0.0. PBIT per station for FM: 0.4, 0.5, 0.4, 0.4 and 0.4. PBIT per station for AM and FM: 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4 and 0.4.

Average annual per-station revenues for French-language private commercial radio stations have remained almost constant from 2010 to 2013. This is largely due to the strength of revenues from FM stations. Revenues from French-language AM stations have fluctuated considerably. Per-station PBIT for AM stations decreased slightly between 2012 and 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.9 PBIT and PBIT margin – French-language private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of French-language Canadian private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: -3.8, -1.7, -0.3, 0.2 and -0.2; AM PBIT margin: -31.7%, -15.5%, -2.6%, 3.3% and -3.5%. PBIT FM radio stations: 39.2, 43.8, 37.1, 39.5 and 37.3; FM PBIT margin: 17.3%, 18.3%, 15.0%, 15.7% and 14.7%.  Total AM and FM radio stations: 35.4, 42.0, 36.8, 39.7 and 37.2; AM and FM PBIT margin: 14.9%, 16.7%, 14.2%, 15.4% and 14.4%.

PBIT for French-language private commercial radio stations fell between 2012 and 2013. PBIT for FM stations fell, while AM stations were unprofitable in 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.10 Revenues – Ethnic private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, along with the number of undertakings reporting, of Ethnic private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013 for AM, FM, and AM and FM combined. The second axis depicts percentage of FM in relation to total revenues or undertakings. AM radio stations revenues: 23, 24, 24, 25 and 25; Number of AM undertakings reporting: 12, 12, 12, 12 and 13; FM radio stations revenues: 16, 18, 20, 20 and 21; Number of FM undertakings reporting: 10, 10, 11, 12 and 14; Total radio AM and FM stations revenues: 39, 42, 44, 45 and 46; Number of AM and FM undertakings reporting: 22, 22, 23, 24 and 27. The second axis depicts FM revenues as a percentage of total revenues: 41%, 43%, 45%, 44% and 46%; FM undertakings as a percentage of total undertakings: 45%, 45%, 48%, 50% and 52%.

Revenues from private commercial radio stations operating in the context of the CRTC’s Ethnic Broadcasting Policy trended upwards between 2009 and 2013, while the number of undertakings reporting increased every year in the study period.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.11 Average per-station annual revenues and PBIT – Ethnic private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the AM, FM, and AM and FM combined revenues per station with revenues, in millions of dollars, of Ethnic private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis depicts PBIT for AM, FM and AM and FM combined per station. AM radio stations revenues per station: 1.9, 2.0, 2.0, 2.1 and 1.9; FM radio stations revenues per station: 1.6, 1.8, 1.8, 1.7 and 1.5. Total radio AM and FM revenues per station: 1.8, 1.9, 1.9, 1.9 and 1.7. The second axis depicts the PBIT information in millions of dollars. PBIT per station for AM: 0.05, 0.10, 0.13, 0.18 and 0.24. PBIT per station for FM: 0.16, 0.28, 0.28, 0.28 and 0.17. PBIT per station for AM and FM: 0.10, 0.18, 0.20, 0.23 and 0.20.

Average annual per-station revenues from ethnic private commercial radio stations fluctuated around the $2-million mark in each of the years studied. From 2009 to 2013, AM stations outperformed FM stations in terms of revenues. Per-station PBIT for AM and FM stations fell in 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.12 PBIT and PBIT margin – Ethnic private commercial radio stations

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total PBIT, in millions of dollars, of Ethnic private commercial radio stations from 2009 to 2013. The second axis represents the associated PBIT margin in percent. PBIT AM radio stations: 0.6, 1.2, 1.5, 2.1 and 3.1; and AM PBIT margin: 2.6%, 5.1%, 6.2%, 8.4% and 12.1%.  PBIT FM radio stations: 1.6, 2.8, 3.1, 3.4 and 2.4; FM PBIT margin: 10.0%, 15.6%, 15.7%, 17.2% and 11.3%.  Total AM and FM radio stations: 2.2, 4.0, 4.6, 5.5 and 5.4; and AM and FM PBIT margin: 5.6%, 9.5%, 10.4%, 12.2% and 11.7%.

PBIT and PBIT margins for ethnic private commercial AM radio stations increased every year from 2009 to 2013. PBIT and PBIT margins for FM stations fell in 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

c) Availability of radio and audio services

Table 4.1.4
Number and type of radio and audio services authorized to broadcast in Canada
Over-the-air radio services English-language French-language Third-language All languages
2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013
National public broadcaster
CBC Radio One / ICI Radio-Canada Première 37 38 20 21 0 0 57 59
CBC Radio 2 / ICI Musique 14 14 12 14 0 0 26 28
CBC Radio network licences 2 2 2 2 0 0 4 4
Private commercial
AM stations 112 110 9 9 12 13 133 132
FM stations 466 470 93 92 15 17 574 579
AM and FM network licences 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
Religious (music and spoken word) 47 49 24 25 0 1 71 75
Community
Community 50 53 67 65 1 3 118 121
Developmental 3 4 0 1 0 0 3 5
Campus
Community-based 36 36 5 6 0 0 41 42
Instructional 8 8 0 0 0 0 8 8
Aboriginal stations 47 45 10 5 0 4 57 54
Other (tourist/traffic, Environment Canada, special event, other network licences, etc.) 46 50 2 3 0 0 48 53
Total number of over-the-air Canadian radio services 868 879 245 244 28 38 1,141 1,161
Multi-channel subscription radio services and audio services delivered by BDUs
Satellite subscription radio service 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 2
Specialty audio (commercial / non-profit, regional/national) 6 4 1 0 4 5 11 9
Pay audio (English and French national services) 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 2
Total number of Canadian radio and audio services 878 885 246 244 32 45 1,156 1,174

Source: CRTC internal database

This table presents a breakdown of the number of radio stations authorized to broadcast in Canada by way of a licence issued by the CRTC. Stations are divided into English-, French-, and third-language streams, as well as by type of service and distribution method.

The data include the number of services approved, but not necessarily the number of services broadcasting. Unless a request for an extension of time is approved by the Commission, most licensed undertakings must be operational within 24 months of the decision date. These data are as of 31 December 2013. The “English-language” category includes bilingual (English-French and English-Native) services, and the “French-language” category includes French-Native services. The “Over-the-air radio services” category excludes radiocommunication distribution undertakings, rebroadcasters, and radio services exempt from licensing requirements. When a new FM radio station is approved as a result of an AM- to FM-band conversion, the station is counted as both an AM and an FM station until the AM licence is surrendered by the licensee – usually following an AM and FM simulcast transition period of three months. Most commercial network licences (identified in previous editions of the CRTC Communications Monitoring Report) have been revoked subsequent to the issuance of Broadcasting Public Notice 2006-143 and following licensee requests to that effect. The “Religious (music and spoken word)” category includes commercial and not-for-profit religious radio stations.

Table 4.1.5
Number of new over-the-air radio stations licensed
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total
Number of new over-the-air radio stations approved 37 16 30 28 25 136
Number of stations approved by Language English-language 32 16 27 26 20 121
French-language 5 0 2 1 5 13
Ethnic 0 0 1 1 0 2
Number of stations approved by Licence category Commercial 21 11 11 18 12 73
Community 11 2 9 5 7 34
Campus - - - - 0 0
Native 1 1 7 3 0 12
Other 4 2 3 2 6 17
Number of stations approved by Type Stand-alone digital - - - - 0 0
Digital radio - - - - 0 0
AM frequency 1 - 2 - 0 3
FM frequency 36 16 28 28 25 133
AM to FM conversions (included in FM) 8 4 1 2 5 20
Number of stations approved by Process Competitive 8 1 1 7 0 17
Non-competitive 29 15 29 21 25 119

Source: CRTC decisions issued from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013

The number of new over-the-air radio stations licensed by the CRTC can be an indicator of the health of the radio industry in Canada. The data in this table show the number of stations licensed, as well as the types of stations, according to languages broadcast, licence category, type, and process.

The following radio services are excluded from this data set: radiocommunication distribution undertakings, rebroadcasters, pay audio services, specialty audio services, and multi-channel subscription services. The “Other” licence category includes not-for-profit stations, such as those operated by CBC/SRC and Environment Canada.

Figure 4.1.13 Types of radio and audio services authorized to broadcast in Canada (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage representation of the types of radio and audio services in relation to the total: Private commercial: 61%; Community: 11%; CBC/SRC: 8%; Religious: 6%; Aboriginal: 5%, Other: 5%, Campus: 4% and Satellite, Multi-Channel and audio via BDUs: 1%.

In 2013, private commercial radio stations accounted for over three-quarters of the total number of stations licensed for broadcast in Canada. Other services, such as community radio stations and the CBC/SRC, are represented in far fewer numbers.

Source: CRTC data collection

For figures and tables with the Media Technology Monitor (MTM) as a source, note that

Table 4.1.6
Adoption and growth rates of various audio technologies in Canada
Adoption (%) Growth (%)
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Podcast listening
Anglophones 19 17 13 16 16 0 -11 -24 23 0
Francophones 5 7 5 5 4 -29 40 -29 0 -20
Streaming AM/FM radio
Anglophones 19 20 22 22 22 19 5 10 10 0
Francophones 15 15 17 14 14 15 0 13 -18 0
Satellite radio subscribers
Anglophones 11 13 15 16 17 22 18 15 7 6
Francophones 4 6 7 7 7 0 50 17 0 0

Source: Media Technology Monitor (MTM), 2009-2013 (respondents: Canadians aged 18+)

From 2009 to 2013, Canadians had access to a range of audio services, in addition to over-the-air radio. This table shows the adoption of various audio technologies by Canadian consumers in that period. For the first two technologies measured, the data were based on the respondents’ usage in the month prior to their response to MTM’s survey.

Figure 4.1.14 Percentage of Canadians accessing online streamed audio services, by language group

This clustered bar chart compares the percentage of Anglophones and Francophones as well as the percentage of all Canadians who reported using following streamed audio: streamed music videos on YouTube: 53% (Anglophones), 43% (Francophones), 50% (Nationally); Streamed personalized online music service: 20%, 13%, 18%; Streamed AM/FM Radio: 22%, 14%, 20%.

This bar graph shows the adoption of various audio technologies by Canadians, based on their usage in the month prior to their response to MTM’s survey.

Source: MTM, 2013 (respondents: Canadians aged 18+ who streamed audio services in the month prior to their response to the survey)

Figure 4.1.15 Percentage of Canadians streaming AM/FM radio, by language group

This clustered column chart provides the percentage of Canadians, categorized by Anglophones and Francophones, surveyed in 2009 to 2013, who reported streaming AM/FM radio: 2009: 19%, 15%; 2010: 20%, 15%; 2011: 20%, 17%; 2012: 22%, 14% and 2013: 22%, 14%.

This figure shows the percentage of Canadian consumers who streamed radio services between 2009 and 2013. The results remained fairly constant over the period. The data are based on the respondents’ usage in the month prior to their response to MTM’s survey.

Source: MTM, 2009-2013 (respondents: Canadians aged 18+)

Figure 4.1.16 Satellite radio subscriptions, by language group

This clustered column chart shows the percentage of Canadians subscribing to satellite radio from 2008 to 2013 as follows: 2008: 9% (Anglophones), 4% (Francophones), 8% (Nationally); 2009: 11%, 4%, 9%; 2010: 13%, 6%, 11%; 2011: 15%, 7%, 13%; 2012: 16%, 7%, 14% and 2013: 17%, 7%,15%.

This bar graph shows the percentage of Canadian consumers who subscribed to satellite radio between 2008 and 2013. This percentage steadily increased over the period.

Source: MTM, 2009-2013 (respondents: Canadians aged 18+)

d) Audience measurement

Why measure audiences?

The broadcasting sections of the Communications Monitoring Report present data on audience measurement. Such information is important not only to industry stakeholders, who use the data to help sell air time to advertisers, but also to the CRTC, which uses the data to assess the effectiveness of its policies by understanding the reach of programming across the country and across various demographics.

In this subsection, please note that

Table 4.1.7
Radio tuning share in an average week and average weekly hours tuned by listener for English- and French-language AM and FM stations
Percentage of hours tuned (%) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Diary PPM Diary PPM Diary PPM
English-language AM 17.7 17.4 15.7 21.8 14.7 21.2 14.2 20.9
English-language FM     54.9 55.3 57.0 55.0 57.5 54.3 58.4 55.4
Subtotal 72.6 72.6 72.7 76.8 72.2 75.5 72.6 76.2
Annual growth -0.1 0.0 - - -0.7 -1.7 0.6 1.0
French-language AM 1.1 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
French-language FM 19.6 20.0 20.3 22.8 21.3 24.1 20.9 23.2
Subtotal 20.7 20.8 20.5 22.9 21.4 24.2 20.9 23.4
Annual growth -0.5 0.5 - - 4.4 5.7 -2.2 -3.5
Other 6.7 6.6 6.9 0.2 6.4 0.3 6.5 0.4
Annual growth 3.1 -1.5 - - -7.2 50.0 1.1 45.1
Average number of weekly hours per listener 19.5 19.4 19.9 9.9 19.6 9.8 19.3 9.7
Annual growth -2.5 -0.5 - - -1.5 -1.0 -1.5 -1.0
Total average national hours (millions) 525.1 515.7 303.8 164.5 303.9 166.5 299.0 167.7
Annual growth -1.0 -1.8 - - 0.0 1.2 -1.6 0.7

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2013

This table tracks radio tuning by language over the past five years. In the past year, tuning to English-language stations has increased in both diary and PPM markets, while French-language tuning has decreased. Overall, the average number of hours tuned per listener has decreased in the past year.

Note that

Table 4.1.8
Tuning achieved by the largest English- and French-language private commercial radio operators in Canada
Listening hours (millions) per entity 2012 2013
Diary PPM Diary PPM
English-language radio operators
Astral 18.8 27.5 N/A N/A
Share 8.6 26.0 N/A N/A
BCE 14.2 12.4 40.5 38.1
Share 6.5 11.6 18.6 36.3
Pierre-Boivin (BCE in-trust) N/A N/A 5.4 7.6
Share N/A N/A 2.5 0.1
Cogeco N/A 2.4 0.3 3.0
Share N/A 2.2 0.2 2.8
Corus 16.1 20.9 21.5 21.0
Share 7.4 19.7 9.8 20.0
Newcap 19.5 3.2 18.8 2.6
Share 8.9 3.0 8.6 2.5
Rogers 20.2 21.5 22.5 23.5
Share 9.2 20.2 10.3 22.4
Total English-language private commercial radio 219.3 106.1 218.2 104.8
Share 100 100 100 100
French-language radio operators
Astral 17.3 8.8 N/A N/A
Share 26.5 26.8 N/A N/A
BCE N/A N/A 19.9 8.6
Share N/A N/A 31.7 26.9
Cogeco 7.7 21.4 12.6 21.3
Share 11.8 65.2 20.1 66.7
Total French-language private commercial radio 65.2 32.9 62.7 31.9
Share 100 100 100 100
Total 286.8 139.0 281.3 136.7

This table presents tuning data by large radio ownership groups, by language, for 2012 and 2013. Note that

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2012-2013

Figure 4.1.17 Radio tuning by station type in diary markets (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of hours tuned in an average week to over-the-air radio and audio services: Private commercial: 76%; CBC/SRC: 14%; United States: 3%; Audio services: 3%; Community and campus: 2%; Other: 2% and Ethnic and Native: 0%.

The following figures present radio listeners’ habits by linguistic market.

These figures illustrate the extent to which Canadians have access to a wide range of radio programming across the country.

This table shows the different types of radio stations tuned by listeners in diary markets in 2013.

The data exclude PPM service stations reported by Numeris on an individual basis in designated PPM markets. The respondent base was all persons aged 12 years and over who listened between Monday and Sunday, between 5 a.m. and 1 a.m.

The “Audio services” segment includes tuning to multi-channel subscription (satellite radio) services, pay and specialty audio services, over-the-air radio stations, and video services broadcast over cable and the Internet.

Sources: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2013 and CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.18 Radio tuning shares - English-language station formats in diary markets (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian English-language radio stations by format in diary markets. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats: Country: 109 stations, 17%; CBC Radio One: 32 stations, 13%; Adult contemporary: 104 stations, 12%; Hot adult contemporary: 81 stations, 11%; News/talk: 42 stations, 8%; Classic hits: 64 stations, 8%; Album-oriented/mainstream rock: 49 stations, 8%; Mainstream top 40/contemporary hit radio: 37 stations, 7%; Classic rock: 26 stations, 4%; Other: 63 stations, 3%; CBC Radio Two: 17 stations, 2%; Modern/alternative rock: 11 stations, 2%; Community/campus/travel/tourism: 88 stations, 1%; Gold/oldies: 10 stations, 1%; Adult standards: 2 stations, 1%; Adult album alternative: 7 stations, 1%; Classical/fine arts: 3 stations, 1% and Jazz: 1 station, 0%.

Sources: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2013 and CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.19 Radio tuning shares - French-language station formats in diary markets (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian French-Language radio stations by format. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats: Adult contemporary: 39 stations, 29%; Mainstream top 40/contemporary hit radio: 15 stations, 14%; Première Chaine/ICI Radio-Canada Première: 20 stations, 11%; New/talk: 9 stations, 12%; Community/campus/travel/tourism: 54 stations, 6%; Hot adult contemporary: 18 stations, 11%; Classic hits: 3 stations, 3%; Classic rock: 2 stations, 3%; Espace Musique: 14 stations, 4%; Classical/fine arts: 2 stations, 2%; Other: 6 stations, 2%; Gold/oldies: 3 stations, 1%; Modern/alternative rock: 1 station, 1%; Album-oriented/mainstream rock: 3 stations, 1% and Country: 2 stations, 0%.

Among Canadians in diary markets listening to English-language radio stations, over 50% of listening hours went to CBC Radio One, as well as country, adult contemporary, and hot adult contemporary formats. Among French-language radio station listeners, more than a quarter of listening hours went to the adult contemporary format. Following closely were mainstream top 40/CHR and news/talk.

The data exclude PPM service stations reported by Numeris on an individual basis in designated PPM markets. The respondent base was all persons aged 12 years and over who listened between Monday to Sunday, between 5 a.m. and 1 a.m. The analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as English-language and French-language stations, respectively.

Sources: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2013 and CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.20 Radio tuning shares - English-language station formats in PPM markets (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian English-language radio stations by format in PPM markets. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats: News/talk: 11 stations, 15%; Adult contemporary: 8 stations, 14%; CBC Radio One: 5 stations, 12%; Contemporary hit radio: 11 stations, 10%; Hot adult contemporary: 5 stations, 9%; Classic hits: 7 stations, 7%; Country: 6 stations, 6%; Classic rock: 4 stations, 6%; Modern/alternative rock: 6 stations, 5%; Album-oriented/mainstream rock: 4 stations, 4%; Sports/talk: 7 stations, 4%; CBC Radio Two: 5 stations, 3%; Adult standards: 2 stations, 3%; Classical: 1 station, 2%; Jazz: 1 station, 1% and Adult album alternative: 1 station, 0%.

Sources: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2013 and CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.21 Radio tuning shares - French-language station formats in PPM markets (2013)

This pie chart with a 3D visual effect shows the percentage of tuning to Canadian French-language radio stations by format in PPM markets. The chart also shows the number of Canadian stations that were broadcasting in these formats: News/talk: 1 station, 28%; Hot adult contemporary: 2 stations, 28%; Adult contemporary: 2 stations, 22%; Première Chaine/ICI Radio-Canada Première: 4 stations, 14%; Classical: 1 station, 4%; Espace Musique: 4 stations, 3% and Jazz: 1 station, 1%;

Sources: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) 2013 and CRTC data collection

Among Canadians in PPM markets listening to English-language radio stations, 50% of listening hours went to CBC Radio One, country, adult contemporary and hot adult contemporary formats. Among French-language radio station listeners, approximately a quarter of listening hours went to each of the following formats: news/talk, hot adult contemporary, and adult contemporary.

The data include PPM service stations reported by Numeris on an individual basis in designated PPM markets. The respondent base was all persons aged 12 years and over who listened between Monday to Sunday, between 5 a.m. and 1 a.m. The analysis includes only stations specifically licensed as English-language and French-language stations, respectively.

e) Programming contributions and expenditures

What are tangible benefits and CCD?

In the absence of a competitive licensing process relating to transfers of ownership or control of radio or television services, tangible benefits, which are financial contributions proportionate to the value of the transaction (6% minimum for radio and 10% minimum for television service), are required to be made to the broadcasting system by the purchaser of a licensed radio or television service. They are usually paid over five to seven consecutive broadcasting years. These benefits yield measurable improvements to the broadcasting system generally, as well as to the communities served by the service in question. They are incremental to the normal costs of doing business and, as with the transaction as a whole, they are in the public interest.

Canadian Content Development (CCD) contributions are financial contributions made by radio broadcasters to support the development and promotion of Canadian musical and spoken word content for broadcast. Most applicants make specific CCD commitments as part of applications for new licences and as tangible benefits at the time of transfer of ownership and control of radio stations. Commercial and ethnic stations are further subject to regulations requiring annual CCD contributions.

These financial contributions serve, amongst other important matters, to foster the creation of Canadian content, to help advance the careers of emerging Canadian artists, and to increase the supply of quality Canadian music in a variety of genres.

The CRTC uses a number of approaches to achieve the cultural, social, and economic objectives set out in the Broadcasting Act. One such instrument has been the establishment of various contribution and expenditure regimes.

In the 2012-2013 broadcast year, commercial radio operators contributed $0.032 per revenue dollar to support Canadian Content Development (CCD). Together, they contributed over $52 million to the development of Canadian content, a decrease of 4.9% over the previous period. Approximately 71% of the funds were a direct result of the conditions of licence issued to new radio stations and the change in ownership or control of existing ones.

The following chart illustrates the extent to which commercial radio stations supported the development of Canadian content.

Chart 4.1.1 CCD contributions by commercial radio stations (2012-2013 broadcast year)

This chart illustrates the extent to which commercial radio stations supported the development of Canadian content.  Last year, commercial radio stations’ revenues totalled $1,623 million (box A).  Of these revenues, commercial radio stations supported CCD by contributing $15.0 million in basic annual CCD contributions, $16.6 million to over-and-above contributions and $20.7 million in tangible benefits (box B).  These three processes supported various funds and initiatives including $12.0 million to FACTOR, $11.0 million to Radio Starmaker Fund/Fonds Radiostar, $2.4 million to MUSICATION, $1.7 million to Community Radio Fund and $25.2 million to other eligible initiatives (box C).  Ultimately, these contributions helped support Canadian artists, music industry associations, local music initiatives, new spoken word content, music organizations, festivals and conferences, schools and educational institutions and other eligible CCD initiatives (box D).

Commercial radio broadcasters support CCD financially as a result of three regulatory processes:

Figure 4.1.22 CCD contributions by regulatory measure ($ millions)

This bar line chart shows the contributions, in millions of dollars, for CCD by regulatory measure from broadcast year 2008-2009 to broadcast year 2012-2013.  Change in ownership/control: 21, 17, 18, 22 and 21; licence renewals: 11, 7, 8, 9 and 15; new stations: 20, 22, 28, 24 and 17.

This bar graph displays the amount of CCD contributions between 2008-2009 and 2012-2013 by regulatory measure: a change in ownership/control, a licence renewal, and new radio stations.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.1.23 CCD contributions by regulatory measure (percentage)

This bar line chart shows the contributions, as a percent of the total, for CCD by regulatory measure from broadcast year 2008-2009 to broadcast year 2012-2013.  Change in ownership/control: 40.1%, 36.3%, 33.2%, 39.9% and 39.5%; Licence renewals: 21.6%, 15.8%, 14.4%, 16.5% and 29.7%; New stations: 38.2%, 47.9%, 52.5%, 43.6% and 31.8%.

This bar graph displays CCD contributions between 2008-2009 and 2012-2013 as a percentage of total CCD contributions by regulatory measure: change in ownership/control, licence renewal, and new radio stations.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.1.9
Summary of annual CCD contributions reported by radio licensees ($ thousands)
RADIO - CCD 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 % annual increase/decrease
2010/2009 2011/2010 2012/2011 2013/2012
i) CCD contributions by new stations during the first licence term
FACTOR 1,582 2,014 2,719 2,615 2,818 27% 35% -4% 8%
MUSICACTION 697 552 791 563 242 -21% 43% -29% -57%
CRFC - - - 165 17 - - - -90%
Music Industry Association - 2,150 2,493 2,221 2,342 - 16% -11% 5%
Local music initiatives - 7,120 7,485 9,106 5,524 - 5% 22% -39%
New spoken word content - 420 1,139 545 192 - 171% -52% -65%
Audio content initiatives - - 0 0 172 - - - -
Music organization 5,187 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Performing arts groups 8,957 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Schools and educational institutions 899 1,179 2,020 1,553 886 31% 71% -23% -43%
Radio Starmaker Fund/Fonds RadioStar 220 1,077 1,982 1,038 466 389% 84% -48% -55%
Other eligible CCD initiatives 1,994 7,550 9,714 6,195 3,986 279% 29% -36% -36%
Total 19,537 22,061 28,342 24,001 16,644 13% 28% -15% -31%
ii) CCD contributions reported by radio licensees in the context of licence renewals
FACTOR 2,999 2,003 2,629 1,971 3,152 -33% 31% -25% 60%
MUSICACTION 1,390 1,324 808 727 1,414 -5% -39% -10% 95%
CRFC - - 617 1,020 - - - 65%
Music Industry Association - 647 823 966 1,607 - 27% 17% 66%
Local music initiatives - 1,809 1,947 2,381 3,352 - 8% 22% 41%
New spoken word content - 188 201 398 61 - 7% 98% -85%
Audio content initiatives - - 0 0 0 - - - -
Music organization 3,081 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Performing arts groups 1,850 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Schools and educational institutions 618 422 473 614 342 -32% 12% 30% -44%
Radio Starmaker Fund/Fonds RadioStar 0 0 0 246 35 - - - -86%
Other eligible CCD initiatives 1,107 876 873 1,194 4,026 -21% 0% 37% 237%
Total 11,045 7,269 7,754 9,114 15,010 -34% 7% 18% 65%
iii) CCD contributions relating to changes in ownership and/or control
FACTOR 5,711 5,179 5,407 5,959 6,053 -9% 4% 10% 2%
MUSICACTION 992 344 331 1,248 770 -65% -4% 277% -38%
CRFC - - 346 727 684 - - 110% -6%
Music Industry Association - 440 1,044 567 386 - 137% -46% -32%
Local music initiatives - 1,705 1,401 2,290 1,662 - -18% 63% -27%
New spoken word content - 0 0 0 309 - - - -
Audio content initiatives - - 135 135 50 - - 0% -63%
Music organization 65 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Performing arts groups 2,466 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Schools and educational institutions 379 274 207 216 203 -28% -24% 4% -6%
Radio Starmaker Fund/Fonds RadioStar 10,508 8,167 8,801 10,499 10,483 -22% 8% 19% 0%
Other eligible CCD initiatives 394 613 228 324 102 55% -63% 42% -68%
Total 20,515 16,722 17,900 21,965 20,703 -18% 7% 23% -6%
Total annual CCD contributions 51,097 46,053 53,996 55,080 52,357 -9.9% 17.2% 2.0% -4.9%

Source: CRTC data collection

Note that

f) Tangible benefits

Table 4.1.10
Value of radio transactions and corresponding tangible benefits for the period from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 ($ millions)
Study period(1 Jan. to 31 Dec.)

English-language services

French-language services

Total benefits
# of trans. Value of the transactions Benefits # of trans. Value of the transactions Benefits
2009 10 27.5 1.6 1 - - 1.6
2010 7 67.2 4.0 2 97.7 8.8 12.8
2011 9 316.2 19.0 3 - - 19.0
2012 5 80.4 4.8 2 1.5 0.1 4.9
2013 4 699.8 48.6 1 357.7 25.0 73.7
Total 35 1,191.1 78.0 9 456.9 33.9 112.0

Sources: CRTC decisions and administrative approvals

Note that

g) Programming of high standards

What is the CBSC?

The Canadian Broadcast Standards Council (CBSC) is an independent organization that was created by the Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB) to administer the standards established by Canada’s private broadcasters. The Council’s membership includes more than 790 private-sector radio and television stations, specialty services, pay services, and networks from across Canada, broadcasting in English, French, and third languages.

For more information, visit www.cbsc.ca.

The Broadcasting Act sets out that programming provided by broadcasting distribution undertakings should be of high standard. The CRTC deals with programming complaints related to public and community broadcasters, as well as to non- Canadian Broadcast Standards Council (CBSC) members. The CRTC also deals with issues that are outside the parameters of the codes administered by the CBSC. Of the complaints received by the Commission relating to radio, approximately 78% were referred to the CBSC.

Table 4.1.11
Number of radio contacts by type of issue (2013-2014)
Issue CRTC – policies/decisions Billing Quality of service/delivery Terms and conditions Disability issues Programming Loudness Other
# of contacts 1,042 4 24 2 0 1,299 10 285

 Source: CRTC correspondence tracking system

Table 4.1.12
Number of broadcasting complaints by subject matter
Type of complaint 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014
Complaints
received
Referrals
to the
CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to the
CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to the
CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to the
CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to the
CBSC
Radio
Abusive comment 11 - 35 5 38 3 64 32 32 8
Adult content 8 3 13 5 14 6 9 3 5 1
Alcohol advertising - - - - 1 - 4 - 3 -
Gender portrayal - - - - 5 4 1 - 2 1
Offensive comment 89 30 220 100 258 95 283 135 702 582
Offensive language 24 8 296 266 22 9 50 14 31 13
Subscription radio (satellite)
Abusive comment - - - - - - - - - -

Source: CRTC correspondence tracking system

Together, the CRTC and the CBSC receive and address a range of complaints regarding radio and subscription radio services. This table shows the number of complaints received by the CRTC—and referred to the CBSC—regarding various issues across diverse market sectors for the years between 2009-2010 and 2013-2014.

Each 12-month period begins on 1 April and ends on 31 March. Also, the CRTC’s correspondence tracking system counts multiple communications from the same client regarding the same complaint as separate units. Therefore, the actual number of complaints received should be slightly lower than the figures indicated.

“Abusive comments” include complaints that allege hatred or contempt incited on-the-air against one of the groups identified in the television or specialty services regulations.

“Offensive comments” include complaints that allege offensive humour or other comments that do not fall under the “abusive comment” provision in CRTC regulations.

“Offensive language” includes complaints that allege offensive language in song lyrics or in spoken word.

This table presents the number of complaints handled by the CBSC by language of programming and by source of the program (Canadian and foreign).

The “Other” category refers to complaints for which there was not enough information for the CBSC to determine the language of the broadcast (in the “Language of program” portion of the table) or the national origin of the programming (in the “Source of program” portion of the table).

Table 4.1.13
Radio complaints handled by the CBSC (2012-2013)
Radio Subscription radio (satellite) Total
Language of program
English 404 1 405
French 486 0 486
Third language 16 0 16
Other 2 8 10
Total 908 9 917
Source of program
Canadian 871 0 871
Foreign 25 0 25
Other 12 9 11
Total 908 9 917

Source: CBSC annual reports

What is the ASC?

Advertising Standards Canada (ASC) is a national, not-for-profit advertising self-regulatory body. The ASC’s Canadian Code of Advertising Standards is regularly updated to ensure it is current and contemporary – keeping pace with consumer and societal expectations.

The ASC responds to complaints by consumers and special interest groups regarding advertising with respect to all media subject to the Canadian Code of Advertising Standards, the principal instrument of advertising self-regulation. In addition, the ASC undertakes pre-clearance functions in five industry categories, which consist of reviewing advertisements based on applicable legislation, regulations, and/or industry codes and guidelines.

Additional information on the ASC can be found at: www.adstandards.com/en/

Table 4.1.14
Complaints handled by the ASC
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Complaints received by the ASC 1,228 1,200 1,809 1,310 1,310
Complaints about radio ads 64 67 85 55 84
Percentage of total complaints received 5% 5% 5% 4% 6%

Source: ASC complaint reports

This table presents the number of complaints received by the ASC pertaining to radio as a percentage of the total. In 2013, 6% of the complaints received were about radio advertisements.

h) Ownership groups

Table 4.1.15
English-language and French-language radio revenues and number of undertakings reporting for the largest commercial radio operators in Canada
Corporation Revenues ($ thousands) Number of radio undertakings reporting Share of national revenue (%)
2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013
Largest commercial radio operators
BCE 160,464 157,219 474,226 33 33 117 10 10 29
Pierre-Boivin (BCE in-trust) N/A N/A 51,518 N/A N/A 10 N/A N/A 3
Astral 332,711 330,488 N/A 84 84 N/A 21 20 N/A
Rogers 220,814 225,084 224,520 54 55 55 14 14 14
Corus 184,189 181,518 173,909 37 37 37 11 11 11
Newcap 113,646 116,689 122,365 60 60 62 7 7 8
Cogeco 113,585 106,533 106,613 16 13 13 7 7 7
Total largest commercial radio operators 1,125,409 1,117,531 1,101,633 284# 282# 284 70 69 68
Total commercial radio operators 1,613,825 1,620,316 1,622,658 669 675 718 100 100 100
Largest English-language commercial radio operators
BCE 160,464 157,219 365,516 33 33 96 12 12 28
Pierre-Boivin (BCE in-trust) N/A N/A 51,518 N/A N/A 10 N/A N/A 4
Astral 223,718 221,826 N/A 63 63# N/A 17 17 N/A
Rogers 220,814 225,084 223,374 54 55 54 17 17 17
Corus 184,189 181,518 173,909 37 37 37 14 14 13
Newcap 113,646 116,689 122,365 60 60 62 9 9 9
Total English-language largest commercial
radio operators
902,831 902,336 885,164 247# 248# 249 69 69 67
Total English-language commercial radio operators 1,310,226 1,316,992 1,318,387 550 555 594 100 100 100
Largest French-language commercial radio corporations
BCE N/A N/A 108,710 N/A N/A 21 N/A N/A 42
Astral 108,993 108,662 N/A 21 21 N/A 42 42 N/A
Cogeco N/A N/A N/A 12# 12# 12 N/A N/A N/A
Total French-language largest commercial
radio operators
108,993 108,662 108,710 33# 33# 33 42 42 42
Total French-language commercial radio operators 259,366 257,940 257,884 96 96 97 100 100 100

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows that combined, Canada’s six largest commercial radio operators accounted for nearly 70% of the commercial radio industry’s revenues between 2011 and 2013. They also accounted for approximately 40% of the total number of radio undertakings in the country. Over the period, the four largest English-language radio operators accounted for nearly 70% of that market’s revenue, and operated over 40% of the undertakings.

Note that

4.2 Television market sector

This pie chart shows percentage of television revenues as a proportion of all broadcasting revenues in 2013.  Television revenues were 38% of all broadcasting revenues, with radio being 9% and BDU being 53%. Total broadcasting revenues were $17.1 billion.

The television market sector offers over 600 wide-ranging Canadian and non-Canadian services to Canadian households. The television industry includes a number of large ownership groups representing over 90% of television revenues from private conventional television stations and pay, pay-per-view (PPV), video-on-demand (VOD), and specialty services.

Table 4.2.0
Television sector at a glance
2012 2013 Annual
growth (%)
Number of television services authorized to broadcast in Canada 635# 644 1.4
English-language 390# 374 -4.1
French-language 112# 84 -25.0
Third-language 133# 186 39.8
Revenues ($ millions) 6,514 6,499 -0.2
Private conventional television stations 2,038 1,944 -4.6
Pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services 3,968 4,091 3.1
CBC/SRC (conventional) 508 464 -8.7
PBIT ($ millions)
Private conventional television stations 23 -2 -110.1
Pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services 917 1,083 18.4
Average weekly viewing hours for all Canadians, aged 2+ 28.2 27.9 -1.1
Average weekly viewing percentage (%) of Canadian programs
Canadian English-language services (excluding Quebec francophone market) 43.8 43.1 -1.8
Canadian French-language services (Quebec francophone market) 63.2 61.1 -3.2
Canadian programming expenditures ($ millions) 2,861 2,704 -5.5
Canadian programming expenditures (% of total)
CBC/SRC (conventional) 25.6 25.9
Private conventional television stations 23.1 22.4
Pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services 48.6 48.9
Other public and not-for-profit conventional television 2.7 2.8

Source: CRTC data collection, Numeris (formerly BBM Canada) – portable people meter (PPM) data

This table provides an overview of the television market sector in 2012 and 2013. It shows the number of television services authorized to broadcast in Canada in English, French, and third languages, as well as revenues, profits before investment and taxes (PBIT), average weekly television viewing habits for Canadians aged 2 and over, and average weekly viewing percentages of Canadian programming. Finally, it presents the expenditures on Canadian programming expressed both in absolute dollars and as percentages of the total dollar amount, broken down by service.

The # symbol indicates a change in the number from last year’s report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

The English-language private conventional television sector includes three major ownership groups: BCE Inc. (CTV and CTV Two), with a revenue share of 49%; Shaw Media Inc. (Global), with 26%; and Rogers Media (Citytv and OMNI), with 17%. French-language private conventional television has two major players: Quebecor Media Inc. (TVA), with a revenue share of 69%; and Remstar Corporation (V), with 21%. The Canadian television sector also includes a national public broadcaster (CBC/SRC), operating in both the English- and French-language markets, and a number of provincial public broadcasters, which are generally educational in nature.

This section presents television service details, audience measurement, and financial results by service type, language, and ownership group. In addition, the final portion of this section focuses on comprehensive programming expenditure information by all service types.

In this section, note that:

a) Revenues

This subsection presents revenues from television services for conventional, pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services. Digital media revenues, however, are excluded.

Table 4.2.1 Television revenues by type of service ($ millions)
2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
Conventional television
Private 2,144 2,038 1,944 -4.8
CBC/SRC 500 508 464 -3.7
Subtotal 2,644 2,546 2,408 -4.6
Non-conventional television
Pay, PPV, and VOD 856 837 799 -3.4
Specialty 2,892 3,130 3,292 6.7
Subtotal 3,748 3,968 4,091 4.5
Total 6,392 6,513 6,499 0.8

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the change in television revenues by type of service for the period from 2011 to 2013. Television services are separated into conventional (including private and the CBC/SRC) and non-conventional (pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty). The table excludes the CBC/SRC’s parliamentary appropriations. The acronym CAGR stands for “compound annual growth rate.”

Figure 4.2.1 Television revenues: CBC/SRC and private conventional television; specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services

This stacked clustered column chart depicts the total revenues achieved by private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services for each of the 2009 to 2013 broadcast years. Advertising and subscriber revenues are also set out by type of service. Commercial advertising revenues garnered by CBC conventional television stations are also included in this chart. Revenues in millions of dollars from 2009 to 2013: Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: 3,121, 3,475, 3,748, 3,968 and 4,091; Private conventional television:  1,971, 2,142, 2,144, 2,038 and 1,944; CBC conventional television: 392, 450, 500, 508 and 464; Total revenues: 5,484, 6,067, 6,392, 6,514 and 6,499. Total advertising revenues in millions of dollars from 2009 to 2013: Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: 1,002, 1,114, 1,234, 1,264 and 1,297; Private conventional television: 1,806, 1,939, 1,949, 1,832 and 1,758. CBC conventional television: 297, 339, 370, 373 and 331; Total advertising revenues: 3,105, 3,392, 3,553,  3,469 and 3,387. Total subscriber revenues in millions of dollars from 2009 to 2013: Pay, PPV, VOD and specialty services: 2,058, 2,261, 2,419, 2,623 and 2,725.

These three graphs show the total advertising and subscriber revenues for CBC/SRC conventional television, private conventional television, and pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services. Total revenues include “other revenues” (revenues tied to a broadcasting licence but not due to broadcasting, such as from a fundraiser) and funding from the Local Programming Improvement Fund (LPIF, all years excluding 2009). Advertising revenues include infomercial sales. Revenues shown for the CBC/SRC do not include parliamentary appropriations.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.2 Source of revenues for private conventional television (2013)

This pie chart depicts the percentage breakdown of the various components that make up the revenue sources for private conventional television services: Syndicated Production: 1%, Other: 7%, Local Time Sales: 18%, National Time Sales: 66%, Network Payments: 6%, LPIF: 2% and Infomercials: 1%.

In 2013, private conventional television services derived approximately two thirds of their revenues from national advertising (national time sales) and a further 18% from local advertising (local time sales). Additional sources of revenue included network payments, infomercials, syndicated production, and the LPIF.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.3 Advertising revenues: CBC/SRC conventional television stations (owned & operated)

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues (in millions of dollars), of CBC and SRC conventional television from 2009 to 2013 with the second axes representing the percent of total revenue captured by the CBC English-language stations.  CBC/SRC English-language stations: 192, 221, 246, 245 and 200; CBC/SRC French-language stations: 105, 118, 123,127 and 131; CBC and SRC English and French-language station combined total: 297, 339, 370, 373 and 331. The percent of English-language stations of total: 64.6%, 65.2%, 66.5%, 65.7% and 60.5%.

This graph shows the total revenues collected by the CBC/SRC, as well as a breakdown of revenues for the English- and French-language stations owned and operated by CBC/SRC. Data plotted on the right axis show English-language stations as a percentage of all CBC/SRC conventional television holdings.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.2.2
Advertising and other revenues: CBC/SRC conventional television stations (owned and operated)
Revenues ($ millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
CBC/SRC conventional television advertising revenues
English-language stations 192 221 246 245 200
Annual growth (%) -24.1 15.1 11.3 -0.3 -18.3 1.1
French-language stations 105 118 123 127 131
Annual growth (%) -7.1 12.4 4.2 3.1 3.1 5.7
Advertising total 297 339 370 373 331
Annual growth (%) -18.9 14.1 9.1 0.8 -11.2 2.8
Other revenues 95 111 130 135 133
Annual growth (%) 106.5 16.8 17.1 3.9 -1.8 8.7
Total 392 450 500 508 464
Annual growth (%) -4.9 14.8 11.1 1.6 -8.7 4.3
Parliamentary appropriation n/a 794 839 861 783
Annual growth (%) n/a n/a 5.7 2.7 -9.0

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the total revenues collected by conventional CBC/SRC television stations. It includes advertising revenues for English- and French-language stations, parliamentary appropriations, and other revenues, which include other commercial revenues collected from 2009 to 2013 and revenues from the LPIF from 2010 to 2013.

Table 4.2.3
Advertising and other revenues: private conventional television stations, by station language
Revenues ($ millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
English-language stations
Advertising 1,520 1,659 1,659 1,540 1,468 -0.9
Annual growth (%) -9.5 9.2 0.0 -7.2 -4.7
% of subtotal 94.0 92.0 93.0 92.0 92.7
Other 101 135 129 131 115 3.4
Annual growth (%) 34.7 33.1 -4.5 2.0 -11.8
% of subtotal 6.0 8.0 7.0 8.0 7.3
Subtotal 1,621 1,794 1,788 1,672 1,583 -0.6
Annual growth (%) -7.6 10.7 -0.3 -6.5 -5.3
French-language stations
Advertising 286 280 290 291 290 0.4
Annual growth (%) -11.2 -1.9 3.6 0.3 -0.2
% of subtotal 82.0 80.0 81.0 79.0 80.5
Other 64 68 66 75 70 2.4
Annual growth (%) 3.2 5.5 -2.2 13.5 -6.1
% of subtotal 18.0 20.0 19.0 21.0 19.5
Subtotal 350 348 357 367 361 0.8
Annual growth (%) -8.9 -0.5 2.5 2.8 -1.7
Total
Advertising 1,806 1,939 1,949 1,832 1,758 -0.7
Annual growth (%) -9.7 7.4 0.5 -6.0 -4.0
% of total 92.0 91.0 91.0 90.0 90.4
Other 165 202 195 206 186 3.0
Annual growth (%) 20.4 22.4 -3.6 5.9 -9.8
% of total 8.0 9.0 9.0 10.0 9.6
Total 1,971 2,142 2,144 2,038 1,944 -0.3
Annual growth (%) -7.8 8.9 0.1 -5.0 -4.6

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the total revenues collected from advertising and other sources by English- and French-language private conventional television stations. Revenues for English-language stations include revenues for ethnic conventional stations because a significant portion of their revenues was derived from English-language programming. “Other” revenues include funding from the LPIF from 2010 to 2013.

Table 4.2.4
Revenues of specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services, by station language
Services

Revenues ($ thousands)

PBIT ($ thousands)

PBIT margin (%)

2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013
Specialty Services - English-language
Category A 1,341,680 1,347,720 1,376,935 451,225 490,798 495,668 33.6 36.4 36.0
Category B 294,723 332,660 373,721 81,184 92,747 111,385 27.5 27.9 29.8
Category C 666,289 794,906 850,891 117,032 119,106 218,905 17.6 15 25.7
Subtotal 2,302,692 2,475,285 2,601,547 649,441 702,651 825,958 28.2 28.4 31.7
Specialty Services - French-language
Category A 274,600 276,529 296,800 84,556 78,789 91,640 30.8 28.5 30.9
Category B 19,841 29,027 37,418 -5,241 -4,206 -2,876 -26.4 -14.5 -7.7
Category C 212,734 265,686 269,679 44,579 25,089 49,354 21 9.4 18.3
Subtotal 507,175 571,243 603,897 123,894 99,672 138,118 24.4 17.4 22.9
Specialty Services - Ethnic and third-language
Category A 68,241 67,856 60,429 18,919 18,080 15,268 27.7 26.6 25.3
Category B 14,311 15,746 26,151 1,479 2,717 2,841 10.3 17.3 10.9
Subtotal 82,552 83,601 86,580 20,398 20,797 18,109 24.7 24.9 20.9
Total specialty services
Category A 1,684,521 1,692,105 1,734,163 554,700 587,667 602,576 32.9 34.7 34.7
Category B 328,875 377,433 437,291 77,422 91,258 111,350 23.5 24.2 25.5
Category C 879,023 1,060,592 1,120,570 161,611 144,195 268,259 18.4 13.6 23.9
Subtotal 2,892,419 3,130,129 3,292,024 793,733 823,120 982,185 27.4 26.3 29.8
Pay, PPV, and VOD services
Pay services 468,946 457,798 444,785 123,445 101,719 99,297 26.3 22.2 22.3
PPV services (terrestrial & DTH) 129,243 115,739 99,652 13,095 8,358 10,543 10.1 7.2 10.6
VOD 257,457 263,865 254,532 3,937 -16,780 -8,862 1.5 -6.3 -3.5
Subtotal 855,646 837,401 798,969 140,477 91,492 100,978 16.4 11.2 12.6
Total 3,748,065 3,967,530 4,090,994 934,210 916,612 1,083,163 24.9 23.1 26.5

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the revenues collected by English-, French-, and third-language specialty and pay, PPV, and VOD services. Profits before interest and taxes (PBIT) and PBIT margins (PBIT divided by total revenues) are also presented. PBIT is a measure of profitability.

For a complete definition of each category, as described in the Broadcasting Distribution Regulations, see page 8 of this report: http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/publications/reports/BrAnalysis/psp2012/individual/ipsp2012.pdf.

Figure 4.2.4 Ranking by revenue for individual specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services, in descending order (2013)

This line chart ranks by total revenue in descending order each pay, PPV, VOD and specialty service for the 2012-2013 broadcast year.  In total, over 220 services are individually depicted on the chart, with the highest grossing service at top left corner and the lowest grossing service at the bottom right corner.

This graph shows the total revenues realized by individual specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services, in descending order. For example, each of the top five services yielded at least $100 million in revenues, while the next five ranked services each yielded slightly less than $100 million. The next 68 ranked services yielded revenues in excess of $10 million and the following 94 services yielded revenues in excess of $1 million, while the remaining ranked services yielded revenues of less than $1 million. The top three services consisted of sports networks, and the remaining services in the top 10 belonged to a range of different genres.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.5 Revenues of English-language private conventional television, specialty, and pay, PPV, and VOD services

In this line-column on 2 axes chart, the line part depicts the advertising as percent of total revenues for English-language private conventional television and specialty services for 2009 to 2013. The column part of the chart shows total revenues, in millions of dollars, of Canadian English-language private conventional television, specialty services and pay, PPV, VOD services from 2009 to 2013.  Private conventional television: Total Revenue: 1,621, 1,793 1,788, 1,672 and 1,583; and advertising as percent of total: 94%, 92%, 93%, 92% and 93%. For category A specialty services, total revenues: 1,190, 1,274, 1,342, 1,348 and 1,377; for category B specialty services, total revenues: 224, 261, 295, 333 and 374; for category C specialty services, total revenues: 509, 594, 666, 795 and 851; and advertising revenues for specialty services as percent of total: 42%, 43%, 44%, 42% and 41%.  For Pay, PPV, and VOD services, total revenues:  623, 723, 771, 750 and 716.

This graph shows the total revenues realized by Canada’s English-language private conventional television services, specialty services, and pay, PPV, and VOD services, as well as the percentage of revenues derived from advertising. Revenues from specialty services are displayed by category.

English-language private conventional television includes ethnic conventional stations, as a significant portion of their revenues is derived from English-language programming. English-language specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services include bilingual services.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.6 Revenues of French-language private conventional television, specialty, and pay, PPV, and VOD services

In this line-column on 2 axes chart, the line part depicts the advertising as percent of total revenues for French-language private conventional television and Specialty services for 2009 to 2013. The column part of the chart shows total revenues, in millions of dollars, of Canadian French-language private conventional television, specialty services and pay, PPV, VOD services from 2009 to 2013.  Private conventional television: total revenue: 350, 348, 357, 367 and 361 and advertising as percent of total: 80%, 79%, 79%, 78% and 80%. For category A specialty services, total revenues:244, 255, 275, 277 and 297; for category B specialty services, total revenues:8, 12, 20, 29 and 37; for category C specialty services, total revenues: 180, 201, 213, 266 and 270; and advertising revenues for specialty services as percent of total: 36%, 36%, 37%, 34% and 33%.  For Pay, PPV, and VOD services, total revenues: 70, 73, 79, 84 and 83.

This graph show the total revenues realized by Canada’s French-language private conventional television services, specialty services, and pay, PPV, and VOD services, as well as the percentage of revenues derived from advertising. Revenues from specialty services are displayed by category.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.7 Revenues of ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services

For 2009-2013, this line-column on 2 axes chart depicts in the columns the total revenues for specialty services and pay services and in the line portion of the chart, advertising as a percentage of revenues. Total specialty revenues in millions of dollars: 72, 79, 83, 84 and 87; Advertising as a percentage of specialty revenues: 42%, 43%, 42%, 38% and 36%.Total pay revenues in millions of dollars: 2, 3, 5, 4 and 0.  Advertising revenue as a percentage of pay revenues: 13%, 12%, 25%, 25% and 18%.

The bar graph in this figure shows the total revenues realized by ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services, while the line graph indicates the percentage of revenues derived from advertising.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.8 Revenues of top three English-language private conventional television ownership groups

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues, in millions of dollars, of large English-language private conventional television station ownership groups from 2009 to 2013. BCE: 780, 925, 829, 803, 768; Shaw:  496, 496, 522 and 448 and 419; Rogers: 202, 248, 298, 289 and 269; Revenues of top three: 1,478, 1,669, 1,649, 1,540 and 1,457. Total English-language conventional television: 1,621, 1,794, 1,788, 1,672 and 1,573. The dot portion shows the revenues of the top 3 groups as a percent of total: 94%, 93%, 92%, 92% and 92%.

This graph shows the revenues of each of the three largest English-language private conventional television ownership groups, as well as the total private conventional revenues for all three, in each of the years from 2009 to 2013. The axis on the right tracks the total revenues of these three groups as a percentage of total private conventional television revenues in all years shown.

English-language private conventional television includes ethnic private conventional stations, because a significant portion of their revenues is derived from English-language programming.

Revenue data are based on conventional over-the-air services owned or controlled by each ownership group on 31 August of each year. Where transactions were in progress at the time of data collection, ownership was based on the date of the approval decision, not the official closing date of the transaction. Each station’s total annual revenues are attributed to the ownership group that was deemed to be its owner as of 31 August of that year. Total revenues include funding from the LPIF (2010 to 2013).

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.9 Revenues of top two French-language private conventional television ownership groups

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the total revenues (in millions of dollars) of large French-language private conventional television by group from 2009 to 2013. The second axes represents percent. Quebecor (TVA): 251, 263, 257, 257 and 249; Remstar (V): 64, 62, 66, 73 and 77. Revenues of top two: 315, 309, 317, 330 and 326. Total French-language conventional television: 350, 348, 357, 367 and 361.  The dot portion (using second axis) shows top two as a percent of total: 90%, 89%, 89%, 90% and 90%.

This graph shows the revenues of each of the two largest French-language private conventional television ownership groups, as well as the total private conventional revenues for both, in each of the years from 2009 to 2013. The axis on the right tracks the total revenues of both groups as a percentage of total private conventional television revenues in all years shown.

Revenue data are based on conventional over-the-air services owned or controlled by each ownership group on 31 August of each year. Where transactions were in progress at the time of data collection, ownership was based on the date of the approval decision, not the official closing date of the transaction. Each station’s total annual revenues are attributed to the ownership group that was deemed to be its owner as of 31 August of that year. Total revenues include funding from the LPIF (2010 to 2013).

Source: CRTC data collection

b) Financial performance

Figure 4.2.10 Aggregrate PBIT margins for private conventional television, pay, PPV, and VOD services, and for Category A, B, and C specialty services

This clustered column chart depicts the aggregate PBIT margins achieved by Canadian private conventional OTA television services, pay, PPV and VOD services and category A, B, C specialty services for each of the 2009 to 2013 broadcast years: private conventional television services: -6%, 0% 7%, 1% and 0%; pay, PPV and VOD services: 12%, 17%,16%, 11% and 12%; category A specialty services:  31%, 33%, 33%, 35% and 35%; category B specialty services: 16%, 23%, 24%, 24% and 25%; category C specialty services: 20%, 20%,18%, 13% and 24%.

This figure shows the PBIT margins for the various types of television services for the years from 2009 to 2013.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.11 Aggregate PBIT margins for English-language private conventional television, specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services

This line column on 2 axes chart depicts the aggregate PBIT margins and number of reporting services (or units) achieved by English-language private conventional television, specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD for 2009 to 2013. For private conventional television services, PBIT margins: -9%, -3%, 6%, 1% and -2%; and reporting services: 77, 74, 73, 72 and 75. For specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD, PBIT margins: 23%, 25%, 25%, 24% and 27%; and reporting services: 135, 141, 150, 155 and 157.

The bar graph shows the aggregated PBIT margins for English-language private conventional television stations and for English-language specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services. The line graphs show the number of undertakings reporting data for each service.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.12 Aggregate PBIT margins for French-language private conventional television, pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services

This line-column on 2 axes chart depicts the number and aggregate PBIT margins of Canadian French-language private conventional television, specialty, pay, PPV and VOD services from 2009 to 2013. Private conventional television: PBIT Margin: 10%, 15%, 11%, 9% and 9%; number of services or units reporting: 20, 20, 20, 20 and 20; specialty, pay, PPV and VOD services: PBIT Margin: 25%, 25%, 25%, 19% and 24%; number of services reporting: 25, 28, 29, 31 and 31.

The bar graph shows the aggregated PBIT margins for French-language private conventional television stations and for French-language specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services. The line graph shows the number of undertakings reporting data for each service.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.13 PBIT margins for ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services

This line-column on 2 axes chart depicts the number of units reporting and PBIT margins of ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services from 2009 to 2013. Specialty and pay services PBIT Margin: 21%, 24%, 24%, 24% and 21%; and Number of services or units reporting: 36, 37, 38, 43 and 47.

The bar graph shows the aggregated PBIT margins for ethnic and third-language specialty and pay services, while the line graph shows the number of undertakings reporting data for each service.

Source: CRTC data collection

c) Availability of television and video services

Canadians have multiple sources and means of accessing video content, from conventional over-the-air linear broadcasting to digital media provided over the Internet. The following chart depicts various categories and types of programming sources and platforms.

Chart 4.2.1 Programming sources and platforms

This chart depicts various categories and types of programming sources and platforms. At the center are Canadian Viewers. On the first radial axis are different means of accessing media: broadband (wireline/wireless); OTA; BDUs (cable/satellite/IPTV); and physical access. The second radial axis displays types of media that can be accessed by means. For broadband: BitTorrent (legal and illegal); DVD rentals/sales (Amazon); National Film Board; VOD (video on demand); Pay TV programs* (where * includes  authenticated and non-authenticated [e.g. Catch-up/”GO”/TV Anywhere] services); Specialty service programs*; OTA programs*. For OTA: OTA (Cdn & US) is displayed. For BDUs: Specialty services; Pay TV; Pay-per-view; PVRs and VOD. For physical access: Cinemas/Theatres and DVD rentals/sales (video stores, Redbox). VOD is further expanded into: A-VOD (Ad-based VOD e.g. TouTV, Crackle, YouTube); S-VOD (subscription-based VOD e.g. Netflix, LoveFilms); and T-VOD (transactional VOD (e.g. iTunes).

For figures and tables with the Media Technology Monitor (MTM) as a source, note that:

Figure 4.2.14 Television and Internet video services and programming viewed in the past month, by language

This clustered bar chart compares the penetration of the following television and Internet video viewing options broken down by Francophones, Anglophones, and nationally for 2013: Sports highlight or event: 18% (Francophones), 26% (Anglophones) and 24% (nationally); Online news or news program: 22%, 26% and 26%;  Full length movie online: 17%, 34% and 30%; Entire 30 or 60 minute TV show online: 26%, 31% and 30%; Internet TV: 39%, 42% and 41%; Watch any type of Youtube video: 61%, 66%, 64%; Any type of internet video: 70%, 76% and 75%; Pay TV: 25%, 31% and 29%; and TV: 96%, 93%, 93%.

This graph presents the percentage of consumers who viewed various types of video content on television and online, broken down by the survey respondent’s language of preference.

Results are based on respondents’ usage in the month preceding their interview with MTM.

Source: MTM 2013 (Respondents: Canadians18+)

Figure 4.2.15 Canadian Netflix subscribers by region

This bar chart compares the percentage of Canadians who have subscribed to Netflix by region as follows: British Columbia 31%; Alberta 35%; Manitoba/Saskatchewan 34%; Ontario 25%; Quebec 9%; Atlantic 25% and Total 24%.

This graph shows the total percentage of Canadians subscribing to Netflix and displays the breakdown by geographic region.

Source: MTM 2013 (Respondents: Canadians 18+)

Table 4.2.5
Adoption and growth rates of various video technologies in Canada (percentage)
Adoption (%) Growth (%)
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
PVR
Anglophones 18 23 35 43 46 38 28 52 23 7
Francophones 13 16 23 39 42 30 23 44 70 8
Internet TV
Anglophones 30 31 34 38 42 36 3 10 12 11
Francophones 22 26 33 34 39 29 18 27 3 15
Internet video on cellphone*
Anglophones 5 9 12 14 23 0 80 33 17 64
Francophones 2 4 8 8 16 0 100 100 0 100
Internet TV on cellphone
Anglophones 1 2 4 7 12 0 100 100 75 71
Francophones 1 3 4 7 - - 200 33 75
Internet video on tablet*
Anglophones 6 12 20 - - - 100 67
Francophones 3 7 16 - - - 133 129
Internet TV on tablet
Anglophones 3 6 12 - - - 100 100
Francophones 2 4 10 - - - 100 150
Netflix
Anglophones 10 21 29 - - - 110 38
Francophones 5 5 7 - - - 0 40

Source: MTM 2009-2013 (Respondents: Canadians 18+)

This table shows the rates of adoption and year over year growth of various video technologies and services among Canadian consumers. Over the past years, the popularity of video and television streaming to personal electronic devices has grown greatly. Note that:

Table 4.2.6
Number and type of television services authorized to broadcast in Canada
English-language French-language Third-language All languages
2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013
Canadian conventional television
National public broadcaster (CBC/SRC) owned and operated 14 14 13 13 0 0 27 27
Private commercial 65 64 20 22 6 6 91 92
Religious 8 8 0 0 0 0 8 8
Educational 4 2 3 2 0 0 7 4
Aboriginal 4 2 0 0 0 1 4 3
Canadian specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD
Specialty Category A services 41 42 14 15 5 5 60 62
Specialty Category B services 81 74 39 9 9 44 129 127
Specialty Category C services 8 8 5 5 0 0 13 13
Pay television services 9 7 2 2 0 0 11 9
PPV services (DTH and terrestrial) 15 13 1 1 0 0 16 14
VOD services 22 23 1 1 0 2 23 26
Other Canadian services
Community services 10 11 2 2 0 0 12 13
House of Commons (CPAC) 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 2
Non-Canadian services
Non-Canadian satellite services authorized for distribution in Canada 108 104 11 10 113 128 232 242
Total number of television services 390 373 112 83 133 186 635 642

Source: CRTC internal database

This table shows the number and types of television services that are authorized to broadcast in Canada. Types include conventional services; specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services; other services such as community channels; and non-Canadian satellite services that are authorized for distribution in Canada.

The data exclude radiocommunication distribution undertakings (RDUs), rebroadcasters, exempt television services, and those specialty services for which broadcast authority has expired. They also exclude some network licences. Note that:

d) Audience measurement

In this subsection, note that:

Figure 4.2.16 Average weekly viewing hours

Traditional television
These 2 figures display the national average weekly viewing hours for Canadians aged 18+, for traditional television and Internet television, respectively. For traditional television (on the left): 29.8 (2010-2011); 29.5 (2011-2012); and 29.3 (2012-2013). For Internet television among typical weekly users: 1.5 (2008); 2.0 (2009); 2.4 (2010); 2.8 (2011); 3.9 (2012); and 5.1 (2013). For Internet television, on the basis of the total population: 0.3; 0.5; 0.5; 0.7; 1.3 and 1.9.
Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

Internet television
These 2 figures display the national average weekly viewing hours for Canadians aged 18+, for traditional television and Internet television, respectively. For traditional television (on the left): 29.8 (2010-2011); 29.5 (2011-2012); and 29.3 (2012-2013). For Internet television among typical weekly users: 1.5 (2008); 2.0 (2009); 2.4 (2010); 2.8 (2011); 3.9 (2012); and 5.1 (2013). For Internet television, on the basis of the total population: 0.3; 0.5; 0.5; 0.7; 1.3 and 1.9.
Source: MTM 2013 (respondents: Canadians 18+)

The above graphs show the national average weekly viewing hours for Canadians who are 18 years and older, for traditional television (excluding digital media), and Internet television. The graph displaying Internet television data shows the viewing habits of respondents who watch Internet television every week, as well as those of the national average.

While viewing of traditional television has fallen in the past 3 years, Internet television viewing has increased greatly.

Table 4.2.7
National average weekly viewing hours, by age group
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
All persons 2+ 28.5 28.2 27.9
Annual growth 1.8% -1.1% -1.1%
Children 2-11 22.7 22.2 21.6
Annual growth 1.3% -2.2% -2.7%
Teens 12–17 22.4 22.7 21.0
Annual growth -2.6% 1.3% -7.5%
18+ 29.8 29.5 29.3
Annual growth 2.1% -1.0% -0.7%
18–34 23.0 22.8 21.9
Annual growth -2.1% -0.9% -3.9%
18–49 24.1 23.8 23.2
Annual growth -0.8% -1.2% -2.5%
25–54 25.4 25.0 24.6
Annual growth 1.2% -1.6% -1.6%
55+ 39.0 38.8 38.6
Annual growth 4.0% -0.5% -0.5%

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

This table shows the national average of weekly viewing hours, broken down by age group, and does not include digital media.

In the 2012–2013 broadcast year, weekly viewing hours dropped among all viewer groups.

Table 4.2.8
Viewing share of Canadian and non-Canadian services, by language and type of service, for all of Canada, excluding the Quebec francophone market
Viewing share (%) 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012- 2013
Canadian services - English-language
CBC 6.3 6.4 5.5 5.1
Private conventional 26.6 25.0 25.6 24.9
Specialty 36.9 36.0 35.7 36.3
Pay 6.5 6.3 6.2 5.7
Digital pay and specialty 5.9 7.0 7.7 9.1
Other services 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3
Total English-language 84.5 83.0 82.8 83.4
Annual growth n/a -1.7 -0.3 0.7
Canadian services - French-language
SRC 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Private conventional 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Télé-Québec 0 0 0 0
TFO 0 0 0 0
Specialty 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Pay 0 0 0 0
Digital pay and specialty 0 0 0 0
Total French-language 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Annual growth n/a 4.2 -0.3 -10.4
Canadian services - Other languages
Private conventional 1.3 1.3 1.1 0.9
Specialty 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9
Digital 0 0 0 0
APTN 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Total other languages 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.0
Annual growth n/a 6.1 -12.5 -10.0
Community services 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
VOD/PPV 0 0 0 0
Total Canadian services 87.9 86.7 86.1 86.4
Annual growth n/a -1.4 -0.7 0.3
Non-Canadian services
U.S. conventional 4.7 5.3 5.4 5.0
U.S. specialty 7.3 8.0 8.5 8.8
International 0 0 0 0
Total non-Canadian services 12.1 13.3 13.9 13.7
Annual growth n/a 9.9 4.5 -1.1
Total hours (millions) 709.3 713.2 720.0 712.0
Annual growth n/a 0.6 1.0 -1.1

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

This table presents a breakdown of the viewing shares, based on hours tuned to services controlled by or belonging to each grouping as a percentage of total hours viewed, of various kinds of Canadian and non-Canadian television services for all of Canada, excluding Quebec.

Data for “Other services” in the Canadian English-language category include certain educational stations (Access, Knowledge, SCN, TVO) and religious stations (CTS and CJIL).

Table 4.2.9
Viewing share of Canadian and non-Canadian services, by language and type of service, in the Quebec francophone market
Viewing share (%) 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
Canadian services - French-language
SRC 12.5 12.9 11.8 12.8
Private conventional 32.9 32.3 32.0 32.4
Télé-Québec 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0
TFO 0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Specialty 36.1 35.1 36.4 34.3
Pay 4.1 3.6 3.0 2.9
Digital pay and specialty 3.2 5.1 6.4 7.5
Total French-language 92.0 92.2 92.7 93.0
Annual growth -1.1 0.2 0.5 0.3
Canadian services - English-language
CBC 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4
Private conventional 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Specialty 2.4 2.3 2.1 1.9
Pay 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Digital pay and specialty 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.7
Other services 0 0 0.1 0
Total English-language 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.2
Annual growth 1.5 -0.1 -8.9 -4.3
Canadian services - Other languages
Private conventional 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Specialty 0 0 0 0
Digital 0 0 0 0
APTN 0.1 0 0 0.1
Total other languages 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Annual growth 1.5 -21.8 46.6 42.9
Community services 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
VOD/PPV 0 0 0 0
Total Canadian services 98.4 98.5 98.6 98.8
Annual growth -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Non-Canadian services
US conventional 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8
US specialty 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
International 0 0 0.1 0.1
Total non-Canadian services 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Annual growth 8.4 -4.2 -2.3 -2.7
Total hours (millions) 217.9 219.5 211.3 216.5
Annual growth 5.9 0.7 -3.8 2.5

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

This table presents a breakdown of the viewing shares of various kinds of Canadian and non-Canadian television services (such as the SRC/CBC, private conventional, specialty, pay, digital pay and specialty, and other services) in the Quebec francophone market.

Table 4.2.10
Average weekly viewing hours for Canadian programs broadcast by Canadian television services,
by language market, program origin, and programming category
Viewing hours(millions) English-language and ethnic services,
all of Canada (excluding Quebec francophone market)
French-language services,
Quebec francophone market
2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
News
(category 1)
68.0 76.5 76.7 84.7 30.6 32.0 29.8 30.7
% Canadian 99.9 100 100 100.0 99.1 99.0 98.8 98.8
% of total 11.9 13.4 13.3 14.6 15.1 15.6 15.0 15.0
Long-form documentary
(category 2b)
30.0 34.7 22.5 21.6 12.4 12.4 11.4 10.9
% Canadian 41.0 40.5 43.8 46.9 48.2 50.5 44.6 42.9
% of total 5.2 6.1 3.9 3.7 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.4
Other informational
(categories 2-5 )
49.7 57.0 52.7 52.2 31.0 34.1 32.6 32.7
% Canadian 52.6 51.1 55.6 56.9 91.6 91.3 91.1 91.1
% of total 8.7 10.0 9.1 9.0 15.3 16.6 16.4 16.0
Sports
(category 6)
97.6# 75.2# 84.5 70.9 16.7 12.7 13.4 10.7
% Canadian 77.0 71.4 72.0 65.9 85.6 82.0 82.1 67.8
% of total 17.0 13.2 14.6 12.2 8.2 6.2 6.8 5.3
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
237.6# 235.8# 236.5 237.4 79.9 78.3 75.3 79.8
% Canadian 19.8 19.7 20.1 20.0 32.7 30.2 29.3 29.1
% of total 41.4 41.3 40.9 40.9 39.4 38.2 38.0 39.1
Music, dance, and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
11.9 10.7 9.7 10.5 3.5 4.4 3.5 3.8
% Canadian 46.5 41.8 27.4 23.8 74.5 80.8 80.8 81.5
% of total 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.8
Game show
(category 10)
6.2 8.1 4.9 8.1 8.5 8.9 8.9 9.1
% Canadian 12.2 15.1 28.8 26.7 91.3 89.9 92.5 94.1
% of total 1.1 1.4 0.8 1.4 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.5
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality
(category 11)
72.5 72.3 91.0 94.6 19.7 21.4 23.0 25.9
% Canadian 29.7 28.2 27.7 29.7 75.6 73.9 71.9 68.9
% of total 12.6 12.7 15.7 16.3 9.7 10.4 11.6 12.7
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
0 0 0 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.4
% Canadian 100 100 98.0 96.4 96.6 98.5 98.2 91.6
% of total 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2
Total 573.4# 570.4# 578.6 580.1 202.9 205.0 198.2 204.1
% Canadian 44.7 43.1 43.8 43.4 64.5 64.0 63.2 61.4

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

The data in this table are based on Canadian services with available data that incorporate country of origin and program genre.

The # symbol indicates a change in the number from last year’s report.

The table displays the average weekly viewing of Canadians by programming category and by language market, from 2009 to 2013. It also indicates the percentage of viewing of programs originating in Canada, and the viewing share of each programming category as a percentage of the total.

Table 4.2.11
Average weekly viewing hours for Canadian programs broadcast by private conventional television services,
by language market, program origin, and programming category
Viewing hours(millions) English-language and ethnic services,
all of Canada (excluding Quebec francophone market)
French-language services,
Quebec francophone market
2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
News
(category 1)
32.6 34.3 35.4 36.7 11.5 11.0 9.4 10.3
% Canadian 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
% of total 17.9 20.0 20.2 21.6 16.2 15.6 14.1 14.8
Long-form documentary
(category 2b)
1.7 2.4 1.0 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.3 0.3
% Canadian 71.3 57.8 91.9 95.2 90.7 95.2 76.4 90.5
% of total 0.9 1.4 0.6 0.9 1.6 1.2 0.4 0.4
Other informational
(categories 2-5 )
10.9 12.0 11.0 10.4 14.6 15.9 15.1 14.5
% Canadian 54.6 53.8 58.3 62.2 99.1 99.6 99.6 100
% of total 6.0 7.0 6.3 6.1 20.5 22.6 22.5 20.8
Sports
(category 6)
17.2 3.8 11.6 4.6 2.4 0.2 1.3 0
% Canadian 78.1 4.6 66.0 6.5 95.2 100 96.9 85.9
% of total 9.4 2.2 6.6 2.7 3.3 0.2 2.0 0.0
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
70.5 70.8 67.1 64.9 25.0 25.2 23.7 26.9
% Canadian 11.0 10.8 10.5 10.3 28.2 24.3 23.9 22.7
% of total 38.7 41.4 38.3 38.1 35.3 35.8 35.3 38.7
Music, dance, and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
5.9 6.2 6.3 7.3 1.2 1.9 1.0 0.9
% Canadian 9.2 9.6 3.4 2.0 56.6 74.7 67.5 59.7
% of total 3.2 3.6 3.6 4.3 1.7 2.6 1.5 1.3
Game show
(category 10)
1.8 3.1 1.8 5.0 5.4 5.8 6.2 6.6
% Canadian 0 0.2 0 3.7 98.2 97.6 97.6 99.5
% of total 1.0 1.8 1.0 2.9 7.6 8.3 9.3 9.6
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality
(category 11)
41.8 38.7 40.9 40.0 9.3 8.9 9.7 9.7
% Canadian 22.6 22.1 23.7 22.9 73.7 69.4 80.2 81.5
% of total 22.9 22.6 23.4 23.5 13.1 12.6 14.5 14.0
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
0 0 0 0 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.3
% Canadian 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100
% of total 0 0 0 0 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.5
Total 182.4 171.1 175.0 170.1 71.0 70.3 67.1 69.4
% Canadian 38.9 34.5 38.5 35.9 69.9 68.1 69.3 66.9

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

The data in this table are based on Canadian services with available program level data that incorporate country of origin and program genre.

The table displays the average weekly viewing of Canadians for programs broadcast by private conventional television services from 2009 to 2013, by programming category and by language market. It also indicates the percentage of viewing of programs originating in Canada and the viewing share of each programming category as a percentage of the total.

Table 4.2.12
Average weekly viewing hours for Canadian programs broadcast by CBC/SRC conventional services,
by language market, program origin, and programming category
Viewing hours(millions) English-language and ethnic services,
all of Canada (excluding Quebec francophone market)
French-language services,
Quebec francophone market
2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
News
(category 1)
6.1 6.8 6.6 7.1 4.0 4.1 3.8 4.4
% Canadian 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
% of total 14.2 15.2 17.2 20.4 14.7 14.6 15.4 15.9
Long-form documentary
(category 2b)
1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
% Canadian 97.2 97.7 96.1 96.6 92.1 97.2 98.8 93.0
% of total 3.5 3.9 3.8 4.7 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1
Other informational
(categories 2-5 )
1.5 2.4 2.2 2.9 3.7 4.6 4.0 3.6
% Canadian 100 100 100 99.9 100 100 100 99.9
% of total 3.4 5.3 5.6 8.3 13.6 16.1 16.0 12.9
Sports
(category 6)
16.3 15.4 11.5 9.9 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.3
% Canadian 100 98.7 99.9 100 100 100 99.6 100
% of total 37.6 34.4 29.6 28.3 3.8 1.4 1.0 1.0
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
11.4 11.1 11.5 9.4 8.9 8.3 7.4 9.0
% Canadian 45.5 46.4 42.6 54.1 66.5 72.8 73.1 70.0
% of total 26.2 24.9 29.6 26.9 32.9 29.1 29.7 32.4
Music, dance, and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.4
% Canadian 84.1 78.8 36.2 100 100 99.5 99.4 100
% of total 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.8 3.0 4.4 5.1
Game show
(category 10)
4.1 4.4 2.5 0.2 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7
% Canadian 1.0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100
% of total 9.5 10.0 6.6 0.5 8.5 7.9 7.3 6.2
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality
(category 11)
2.3 2.8 2.8 3.7 6.3 7.6 6.2 7.0
% Canadian 97.8 99.2 99.6 99.5 100 99.8 100 100
% of total 5.4 6.2 7.2 10.6 23.2 26.7 25.0 25.3
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
% Canadian 0 0 0 0 40.0 95.8 100 100
% of total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 43.3 44.7 38.8 35.0 27.1 28.3 24.8 27.6
% Canadian 76.1 76.1 75.9 86.9 88.8 92.0 92.0 90.2

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

The data in this table are based on Canadian services with available program level data that incorporate country of origin and program genre.

The table displays the average weekly viewing of Canadians for programs broadcast by CBC/SRC conventional services from 2009 to 2013, by programming category and by language market. It also indicates the percentage of viewing of programs originating in Canada and the viewing share of each programming category as a percentage of the total.

Table 4.2.13
Average weekly viewing hours for Canadian programs broadcast by Canadian pay and specialty services,
by language market, program origin, and programming category
Viewing hours(millions) English-language and ethnic services,
all of Canada (excluding Quebec francophone market)
French-language services,
Quebec francophone market
2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
News
(category 1)
29.6 35.8 35.1 41.2 15.1 16.9 16.5 16.0
% Canadian 99.8 100 100 100 98.2 98.0 97.8 97.7
% of total 8.5 10.2 9.8 11.2 15.4 16.9 16.5 15.9
Long-form documentary
(category 2b)
25.2 28.4 17.6 16.0 10.4 10.6 10.3 9.8
% Canadian 36.2 36.3 39.0 41.0 42.8 45.8 43.1 41.2
% of total 7.3 8.1 4.9 4.3 10.6 10.6 10.3 9.7
Other informational
(categories 2-5 )
35.9 40.4 37.1 36.6 11.3 12.4 12.4 13.5
% Canadian 49.6 46.6 51.4 51.2 80.1 77.8 78.5 79.4
% of total 10.3 11.5 10.3 9.9 11.5 12.5 12.4 13.4
Sports
(category 6)
64.1 56.1 61.5 56.5 13.3 12.2 11.9 10.4
% Canadian 70.9 68.4 67.9 64.7 82.8 81.2 80.1 66.9
% of total 18.5 16.0 17.1 15.3 13.6 12.2 11.8 10.4
Drama and comedy
(category 7)
155.9 151.9 154.9 159.1 41.6 40.8 40.5 40.2
% Canadian 21.0 21.0 22.1 21.7 26.2 23.5 22.9 23.5
% of total 44.9 43.3 43.0 43.2 42.5 40.9 40.4 40.0
Music, dance, and variety
(categories 8 & 9)
5.9 4.4 3.2 3.1 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.3
% Canadian 83.2 85.7 74.1 73.6 77.1 74.0 69.6 72.8
% of total 1.7 1.3 0.9 0.8 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.3
Game show (category 10) 1.4 2.5 2.0 3.2 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6
% Canadian 50.3 48.0 69.9 62.4 7.5 8.4 32.1 15.9
% of total 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality
(category 11)
29.2 31.6 48.7 53.1 3.9 4.5 6.8 8.7
% Canadian 33.7 28.6 26.1 28.7 39.7 36.9 32.9 28.0
% of total 8.4 9.0 13.5 14.4 4.0 4.5 6.7 8.7
Other
(categories 12 to 15)
0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0 0
% Canadian 0 0 0 0 75.0 78.7 56.6 33.3
% of total 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0 0
Total 347.2 351.2 360.1 368.8 98.0 99.8 100.2 100.5
% Canadian 43.2 42.5 42.6 42.6 54.2 53.5 52.2 50.0

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

The data in this table are based on Canadian services with available program level data that incorporate country of origin and program genre.

The table displays the average weekly viewing of Canadians for programs broadcast by pay and specialty services from 2009 to 2013, by programming category and by language market. It also indicates the percentage of viewing of programs originating in Canada and the viewing share of each programming category as a percentage of the total.

Table 4.2.14
Viewing share of Canadian services by ownership group in the English- and French-language markets
Viewing share (%) 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013
Conventional Discretionary Total Conventional Discretionary Total Conventional Discretionary Total
All of Canada, excluding the Quebec francophone market
BCE 16.2 18.9 35.1 16.7 18.5 35.2 15.4 22.9 38.3
English services 16.2 18.7 34.9 16.7 18.4 35.1 15.4 22.7 38.1
French services - 0.2 0.2 - 0.1 0.1 - 0.2 0.2
Pierre Boivin (BCE in-trust) - - - - - - - 4.1 4.1
English services - - - - - - - 4.1 4.1
French services - - - - - - - 0 0
Shaw 8.5 13.0 21.6 8.8 14.3 23.1 8.5 15.0 23.5
English services 8.5 13.0 21.6 8.8 14.3 23.1 8.5 15.0 23.5
French services - - - - - - - - -
Corus 0.3 10.0 10.3 0.2 9.6 9.8 0.3 12.8 13.1
English services 0.3 10.0 10.3 0.2 9.6 9.8 0.3 12.8 13.1
French services - - - - - - - 0 0
Rogers 4.8 3.8 8.6 4.7 4.2 8.8 4.6 4.7 9.3
English services 4.8 3.8 8.6 4.7 4.2 8.8 4.6 4.7 9.3
French services - - - - - - - - -
CBC-SRC 7.4 1.8 9.3 6.4 1.7 8.1 5.6 1.8 7.5
English services 7.2 1.8 9.0 6.2 1.6 7.8 5.5 1.8 7.3
French services 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Total hours (millions) 252.0 356.1 608.1 249.7 361.0 610.7 237.5 368.3 605.8
Quebec francophone market
Quebecor 25.2 7.3 32.5 24.0 8.3 32.3 24.4 8.6 32.9
French services 25.2 7.2 32.4 24.0 8.3 32.3 24.4 8.6 32.9
English services - 0 0 - 0 0 0 0 0
BCE 1.2 7.4 8.6 1.0 7.1 8.1 0.9 21.9 22.8
French services - 5.7 5.7 - 5.5 5.5 - 20.3 20.3
English services 1.2 1.7 2.9 1.0 1.5 2.5 0.9 1.6 2.5
Pierre Boivin (BCE in-trust) - - - - - - - 1.9 1.9
French services - - - - - - - 1.8 1.8
English services - - - - - - - 0.1 0.1
SRC-CBC 13.3 4.6 18.0 12.3 5.1 17.4 13.0 5.1 18.2
French services 12.8 4.6 17.4 11.7 5.0 16.7 12.6 5.1 17.7
English services 0.5 0 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.5
Remstar 7.7 - 7.7 8.6 - 8.6 8.6 - 8.6
French services 7.7 - 7.7 8.6 - 8.6 8.6 - 8.6
English services - - - - - - - - -
Total hours (millions) 111.8 104.0 215.8 104.1 103.6 207.6 109.3 103.6 212.8

Source: Numeris (formerly BBM Canada)

This table presents viewing data broken down by ownership group. Note that:

e) Programming expenditures

What are PNI?

The CRTC has defined programs of national interest (PNI) as including drama and comedy, long-form documentary, and specific Canadian award shows that celebrate Canadian creative talent. For French-language broadcasters, PNI also include music video and variety programs.

For the purposes of this report, PNI expenditures include expenditures in any of the following programming categories:

The data presented in figures 4.2.20 and 4.2.21, and tables 4.2.16 and 4.2.17, include broadcasting undertakings that do not, at the time of this report, have a condition of licence requiring PNI expenditures or exhibition.

The policy objectives of the Broadcasting Act include encouraging the development of Canadian expression and ensuring that each element of the Canadian broadcasting system contributes in an appropriate manner to the creation and presentation of Canadian programming. As such, Canadian broadcasters are required to allocate certain portions of their annual broadcasting revenues to expenditures on Canadian programming. These expenditures are used to create Canadian programming and to ensure that a diversity of voices and interests are represented in our national broadcasting system.

Television service providers contributed $0.34 per revenue dollar in support of Canadian programming during the 2012-2013 broadcast year. Canadian programming expenditures (CPE) totalled $2.7 billion, 15% of which was spent on program of national interest (PNI).

Chart 4.4.2 illustrates the flow of moneys used to fund Canadian programming. A percentage of BDU subscriber revenues is used to fund discretionary (PPV, VOD, pay, and specialty) Canadian programming services, as well as local expression (community television), the Canadian Media Fund (CMF), the LPIF, and various independent funds. Commercial television programming services (specialty, pay, and private conventional over-the-air (OTA)) and the CBC/SRC rely on funds generated by advertising. Government funding is also provided to the CMF, the CBC/SRC (via parliamentary appropriations), and various independent content providers.

Chart 4.2.2 Funding and spending by broadcasting entities for Canadian programming (2012-2013 broadcast year)

This chart illustrates the flow of moneys used to fund Canadian programming. A percentage of BDU subscriber revenues are used to fund discretionary (PPV, VOD, Pay and specialty) Canadian programming services.  This amount totalled $3,104 million.  BDU subscriber revenues also contributed $467 million to Canadian programming (local expression [125], CMF [216], LPIF [75] and various independent funds [61]). Commercial television programming services (specialty, pay, and private OTA) and the CBC rely on funds generated by advertising. Total TV advertising amounted to $3,387 million.  Government funding is also provided to the CMF, the CBC (via parliamentary appropriations) and various independent content providers.  As a result, programming services aggregately spent $4,036 million on programming expenditures (PPV and VOD [354], Specialty & pay [3,737], CBC conv. [1,147], Private conv. [1,944], community [125] and other services [180]).  Canadian programming, in millions of dollars, was: 17 (PPV and VOD ); 1,306 (Specialty & pay); 701 (CBC conv.); 605 (Private conv.); and 75 (Other). Non-Canadian programming, in millions of dollars, was: 26; 528; 24; 732; and 22. Total PNI expenditures were $632 million, non-PNI were $2,072 million and non-Canadian programming expenditures were $1,332 million. Programming services also contributed $86 million to tangible benefits.

This chart displays an overview of the major sources of television program funding.

Of the revenues that BDUs collected from subscribers, approximately $467 million went to various Canadian programming commitments and $3,104 million were allocated to programming services.

Conventional television, specialty, and pay services earned $3.4 million in advertising revenues, which flowed to programming services. Note that the “Other” category includes low-power, non-profit, community-based television programming undertakings and educational television programming undertakings.

Government funding is provided to the CBC/SRC ($783 million) and to the CMF.

Contribution funding to local expression, the CMF, the LPIF, and independent groups flowed through to programming services and independent content providers.

Table 4.2.15
LPIF allocation and number of recipients
Year LPIF allocation($ millions) Number of recipients LPIF funding as a percentage of total recipients’ revenues (excluding the CBC/SRC)
Licensees Stations
2009-2010 100.7 16 79 10.8%
2010-2011 106.7 16 80 10.8%
2011-2012 112.1 16 80 11.1%
2012-2013 74.7 16 74 7.3%

Based on the 1 September 2009 to 31 August 2013 broadcast years
Source: CRTC data collection

The table displays the LPIF funds allocated by number of recipients, in terms of licensees and stations. The last column in the table expresses LPIF funding as a percentage of the recipients’ total revenues, excluding the CBC/SRC.

Figure 4.2.17 LPIF allocation by region

This bar line chart shows the distribution of LPIF by region as a percentage for years 2011, 2012 and 2013.  Prairies:  22.8%, 23.1% and 17.3%; Ontario: 24.5%, 24.3% and 40.9%; Québec: 21.4%, 20.8% and 22.6%; Atlantic: 19.8%, 20.2% and 4.8%; and British-Columbia and Territories: 11.4%, 11.6% and 14.3%.

This figure displays LPIF allocation by region. In the past year, Ontario’s share of the LPIF has grown considerably, while Atlantic Canada’s share has decreased significantly.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.18 LPIF allocation by ownership group

This bar line chart shows the distribution of LPIF by ownership group as a percentage for years 2011, 2012 and 2013. BCE: 22.3%, 21.3% and 20.5%; Quebecor: 6.1%, 5.8% and 5.6%; CBC/SRC: 38.3%, 42.3% and 46.6%; Shaw: 7.6%, 6.4% and 5.1%; Rogers:  1.0%, 1.0% and 0.9%; and Other: 24.7%, 23.3% and 21.2%.

This figure displays LPIF allocation by ownership group. The percentages of the LPIF funds allocated to Shaw, BCE, Quebecor, and smaller entities as a group (Other) have decreased in the past years, while those allocated to the CBC/SRC have increased.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.19 Television CPE ($2.7 billion total), by type of service ($ millions, 2013)

This pie chart shows total CPE as a percentage of total CPE reported by the television sector in 2013. Total CPE reported is $2.7 billion: $1,306 million or 48% is related to specialty and pay services; $17 million or 1% is related to Pay-per-view and Video-on-demand services; $605 million or 22% is related to private commercial conventional television; $701 million or 26% is related to CBC conventional television; and $75 million or 3% is related to other public and not-for-profit conventional television services.

This pie chart displays the amounts and the percentages of total CPE that broadcasters spent on Canadian programming, broken down by type of service. Approximately half of the spending went to specialty and pay services.

Note that CPE included spending on Canadian programs telecast; writedowns of Canadian inventory; script and concept development; and loss on equity for Canadian programs, as well as expenditures relating to ownership transfer benefits and to commitments made at the time of licensing. However, it excluded CMF “top-up” reported by private conventional, specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD television services. CBC/SRC conventional television excluded indirect and facility cost allocations.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.20 Television programming expenditures ($4.1 billion total), PNI vs. Canadian vs. non-Canadian (2013)

This pie chart shows total television programming expenditures for PNI, Canadian and non Canadian programming as percentage of total programming expenditures reported by the television sector in 2013. PNI: 16%; Canadian programming (excluding PNI): 50%; Non Canadian programming: 35%.

This pie chart displays the percentages of expenditures that broadcasters spent on Canadian programming (excluding PNI), PNI, and non-Canadian programming. Approximately 65% of the spending went to Canadian programming, including PNI. The chart excludes VOD and PPV services as well as other public and not-for-profit conventional television services.

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.2.21 Programming expenditures per revenue dollar (2013)

This bar line chart shows programming expenditures per revenue dollar for non Canadian programming, PNI and Canadian programming (excluding PNI) for years 2012 and 2013.  Non Canadian programming: $0.20, $0.20; PNI: $0.09, $0.09; Canadian programming (excluding PNI): $0.35, $0.34.

This bar chart displays the amounts that broadcasters spent on Canadian programming (excluding PNI), PNI, and non-Canadian programming, on a per-revenue-dollar basis. For example, it shows that for every dollar of revenue the broadcasters received in 2013, they spent 34 cents on Canadian programming (excluding PNI), 9 cents on PNI, and 19 cents on non-Canadian programming. This chart excludes VOD and PPV services as well as other public and not-for-profit conventional television.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.2.16
PNI expenditures by CBC/SRC and by type of service ($ millions)
Programming category 2012 2013 Growth (%)
Private conventional television Long-form documentary 16.6 7.9 -52.4
Drama 59.2 66.0 11.5
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 13.4 21.0 56.1
Award shows (English programming only) 0 2.6 -
Total private conventional television PNI 89.2 97.5 9.3
% of total 14.6 15.4
CBC/SRC Long-form documentary 43.8 38.8 -11.5
Drama 160.3 154.9 -3.4
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 15.6 16.3 4.1
Award shows (English programming only) 3.6 3.1 -14.5
Total CBC/SRC PNI 223.4 213.0 -4.6
% of total 36.4 33.7
Specialty and pay services Long-form documentary 94.8 105.8 11.6
Drama 193.5 199.2 2.9
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 9.1 12.0 32.4
Award shows (English programming only) 2.9 4.7 59.5
Total specialty and pay PNI 300.3 321.6 7.1
% of total 49.0 50.9
Total Long-form documentary 155.2 152.5 -1.7
Drama 413.0 420.0 1.7
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 38.1 49.3 29.2
Award shows (English programming only) 6.5 10.4 59.1
Total PNI 612.8 632.1 3.1
% of total 100 100

Source: CRTC data collection

This table summarizes the PNI expenditures made by the CBC/SRC, private conventional television, and specialty and pay services. The numbers in the table have been restated. The “CBC/SRC” section now includes specialty and pay services operated by the CBC/SRC.

Table 4.2.17
PNI expenditures by CBC/SRC and by large private ownership groups ($ millions)
Programming category 2012 2013 Growth (%)
CBC/SRC Long-form documentary 43.8 38.8 -11.5
Drama 160.3 154.9 -3.4
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 15.6 16.3 4.1
Award shows (English programming only) 3.6 3.1 -14.5
Total CBC/SRC PNI 223.4 213.0 -4.6
% of total 36.4 33.7 -
BCE Long-form documentary 29.5 43.2 46.7
Drama 39.4 99.1 151.4
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 0 0 -
Award shows (English programming only) 2.9 7.3 150.3
Total BCE PNI 71.8 149.7 108.4
% of total 11.7 23.7 -
Astral Long-form documentary 17.8 - -
Drama 64.9 - -
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 7.3 - -
Award shows (English programming only) 0 - -
Total Astral PNI 90.1 - -
% of total 14.7 - -
Shaw Long-form documentary 29.1 34.5 18.5
Drama 30.0 33.7 12.5
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 0 0 -
Award shows (English programming only) 0 0 -
Total Shaw PNI 59.1 68.3 15.5
% of total 9.6 10.8 -
Corus Long-form documentary 4.5 5.0 9.9
Drama 36.3 36.8 1.4
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 0 0 -
Award shows (English programming only) 0 0 -
Total Corus PNI 40.8 41.8 2.3
% of total 6.7 6.6 -
Rogers Long-form documentary 4.0 5.8 47.7
Drama 4.8 7.8 61.4
Music, dance, and variety (French programming only) 0 0 -
Award shows (English programming only) 0 0 -
Total Rogers PNI 8.8 13.6 55.2
% of total 1.4 2.2 -

Source: CRTC data collection

This table summarizes the PNI expenditures made by the CBC/SRC and by the large ownership groups. Together, these entities contributed over three quarters of all PNI expenditures in the past year. Note that the services held in trust by Pierre Boivin for BCE have been excluded from the 2013 data.

Table 4.2.18
CPE for CBC/SRC English- and French-language conventional television, by programming category ($ thousands)
Programming category 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Annual growth (%)
2010 2011 2012 2013
News (category 1) 165,717 203,223 191,924 196,688 212,876 22.6 -5.6 2.5 8.2
Long-form documentary (category 2b) n/a 27,052 39,242 36,042 30,870 n/a 45.1 -8.2 -14.4
Other informational (categories 2-5 ) 109,418 49,282 59,292 67,446 63,744 -55.0 20.3 13.8 -5.5
Sports (category 6) 151,315 159,521 157,190 158,698 127,730 5.4 -1.5 1.0 -19.5
Drama and comedy (category 7) 131,640 148,868 141,049 158,420 153,529 13.1 -5.3 12.3 -3.1
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 22,760 14,159 12,912 26,120 27,635 -37.8 -8.8 102.3 5.8
Game show (category 10) 13,803 12,234 11,900 16,217 12,933 -11.4 -2.7 36.3 -20.3
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 63,295 81,875 94,059 73,063 70,337 29.4 14.9 -22.3 -3.7
Human interest n/a n/a n/a n/a 58,411 - - - -
Award shows n/a n/a n/a n/a 7,467 - - - -
Reality television n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,460 - - - -
Other (categories 12 to 15) -41 - 2,203 941 1,139 0 0 -57.3 21.0
Total (categories 1 to 15) 657,907 696,215 709,769 733,635 700,793 5.8 1.9 3.4 -4.5

Source: CRTC data collection

The table shows the CPE made by CBC/SRC English- and French-language conventional television services, broken down by programming category, from 2009 to 2013. The table also shows annual growth percentages in each category.

The expenditures excluded indirect and facility cost allocations. Certain programming-related expenses were included as programming costs, consistent with CRTC guidelines. For more information, see the CRTC’s Canadian Program Certification at this address: http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/info_sht/tv11.htm.

For 2010-2013, the numbers shown for “Other informational (categories 2-5)” do not include expenditures on “Long-form documentary (category 2b).” In addition, the breakdown for “General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11)” is only available as of 2013.

Table 4.2.19
CPE for private conventional television, by programming category ($ thousands)
Programming category 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Annual growth (%)
2010 2011 2012 2013
News (category 1) 312,106 304,358 316,922 353,646 355,287 -250.0 4.1 11.6 0.5
Long-form documentary (category 2b) n/a n/a n/a 16,600# 7,894 n/a n/a n/a -52.4
Other informational (categories 2-5 ) 72,840 50,474 55,033 32,150# 31,128 -30.7 9.0 -11.3 -3.2
Sports (category 6) 3,803 141,011 848 68,485 6,490 3,607.9 -99.4 7,974.0 -90.5
Drama and comedy (category 7) 77,372 71,365 58,322 59,169# 65,959 -7.8 -18.3 1.0 11.5
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 38,182 21,678 33,006 30,241# 24,476 -43.2 52.3 -10.8 -19.1
Game show (category 10) 12,510 22,933 22,033 17,546 19,394 83.3 -3.9 -20.4 10.5
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 82,293 68,256 75,577 83,017# 92,345 -17.1 10.7 10.9 11.2
Human interest n/a n/a n/a n/a 72,953 - - - -
Award shows n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,071 - - - -
Reality television n/a n/a n/a n/a 15,321 - - - -
Other (categories 12 to 15) 276 1,173 1,173 905# 2,444 325.0 0 -8.7 170.0
Total (categories 1 to 15) 599,383 681,248 562,914 661,759 605,415 13.7 -17.4 17.6 -8.5
% of total revenue 30.4 31.7 26.2 32.5 31.1

Source: CRTC data collection

The table shows the CPE made by private conventional television services, broken down by programming category, from 2009 to 2013. The table also shows annual growth percentages in each category.

The amounts shown include expenditures on Canadian programs telecast; writedowns of Canadian inventory; script and concept development; and loss on equity for Canadian programs. Amounts also include expenditures relating to ownership transfer benefits and to commitments made at the time of licensing. Amounts exclude Canadian Television Fund (CTF) “top-up” funding reported by private conventional services.

For 2012 and 2013, the numbers shown for “Other informational (categories 2-5)” do not include expenditures on “Long-form documentary (category 2b).” In addition, the breakdown associated with “General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11)” is only available as of 2013.

Figure 4.2.22 CPE distribution by programming category for private conventional television (2013)

This pie chart depicts the percentage distribution by genre for the expenditures for private conventional television services: News (cat. 1): 59%; Long-form doc. (cat. 2b): 1%; Other info. (cat. 2-5): 5%; Sports (cat. 6): 1%; Drama and comedy (cat. 7): 11%; Music, dance and variety (cat. 8 & 9): 4%, Game show (cat. 10): 3%, General ent. (cat. 11): 15%; and Other (cat. 12-15): 0%.

This figure shows the distribution, broken down by genre, of the CPE made by private conventional television services in 2013.

More than half of the money allocated was spent on news programming. Other significant investments were made in general entertainment (including human interest and awards shows),and drama and comedy programming.

Source: CRTC data collection

Table 4.2.20
Expenditures on non-Canadian programming – Private conventional television, by programming category ($ thousands)
Programming category 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Annual growth (%)
2010 2011 2012 2013
News (category 1) 20 145 90 57 4,631 625.0 -38.0 -36.7 8,081.6
Long-form documentary (category 2b) n/a n/a n/a 298 454 n/a n/a n/a 52.3
Other informational (categories 2-5 ) 12,405 5,270 16,522 15,0341 9,750 -57.5 213.5 -7.2 -35.1
Sports (category 6) 13,746 14,823 17,916 17,877 20,269 7.8 20.9 -0.2 13.4
Drama and comedy (category 7) 602,865 553,796 480,114 488,652 483,024 -8.1 -13.3 1.8 -1.2
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 31,710 32,968 31,878 47,333 57,128 4.0 -3.0 48.5 20.7
Game show (category 10) 13,016 6,078 11,460 5,278 5,625 -53.3 88.5 -53.9 6.6
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 172,007 164,091 169,059 151,234 151,044 -4.6 3.0 -10.5 -0.1
Human interest n/a n/a n/a n/a 90,375 - - - -
Award shows n/a n/a n/a n/a 14,173 - - - -
Reality television n/a n/a n/a n/a 46,496 - - - -
Other (categories 12 to 15) 517 6 1,994 51 52 -98.8 33,133.0 -43.7 2.4
Total (categories 1 to 15) 846,286 777,176 729,033 725,813 731,978 -8.2 -6.2 -0.4 0.8
% of total revenue 42.9 36.2 33.9 35.6 37.6

Source: CRTC data collection

The table shows the non-Canadian programming expenditures made by private conventional television services, broken down by programming category, from 2009 to 2013. The table also shows annual growth percentages in expenditures for each programming category.

The amounts shown include expenditures on Canadian programs telecast; writedowns of Canadian inventory; script and concept development; and loss on equity for Canadian programs. Amounts also include expenditures relating to ownership transfer benefits and to commitments made at the time of licensing. They exclude CTF “top-up” funding reported by private conventional services.

For 2012 and 2013, the numbers shown for “Other informational (categories 2-5)” do not include expenditures on “Long-form documentary (category 2b).” In addition, the breakdown for “General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11)” s is only available as of 2013.

Table 4.2.21
CPE and expenditures on non-Canadian programming reported by specialty and pay services, by language and programming category ($ thousands)
Programming category CPE Expenditures on non-Canadian programming
2012 2013 Growth (%) 2012 2013 Growth (%)
English-language services
Number of services reporting 139 149 143 149
News (category 1) 148,312 148,658 0.2 52 1,138 2079.4
Long-form documentary (category 2b) 75,564 85,144 12.7 29,398 30,427 3.5
Other informational (categories 2-5) 106,385 85,992 -19.2 14,722 15,992 8.6
Sports (category 6) 399,041 337,251 -15.5 66,667 73,476 10.2
Drama and comedy (category 7) 156,113 162,506 4.1 258,864 272,018 5.1
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 22,834 20,173 -11.7 1,482 1,079 -27.2
Game show (category 10) 8,060 8,192 1.6 1,701 935 -45.1
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 92,708 111,195 19.9 37,372 48,965 31.0
Human interest n/a 67,423 - n/a 33,700 -
Award shows n/a 4,657 - n/a 33 -
Reality television n/a 39,115 - n/a 15,232 -
Other (categories 12 to 15) 36,384 30,409 -16.4 565 1,332 135.7
Total (categories 1 to 15) 1,045,403 989,519 -5.3 410,824 445,362 8.4
French-language services
Number of services reporting 30 31 30 31
News (category 1) 69,267 71,331 3.0 281 213 -24.3
Long-form documentary (category 2b) 25,102 25,765 2.6 4,495 4,651 3.5
Other informational (categories 2-5) 49,716 54,205 9.0 4,404 1,697 -61.5
Sports (category 6) 85,251 74,369 -12.8 7,310 9,167 25.4
Drama and comedy (category 7) 35,456 34,496 -2.7 42,257 46,307 9.6
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 9,053 11,985 32.4 1,585 539 -66.0
Game show (category 10) 1,071 1,173 9.6 0 0 0
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 17,892 8,676 -51.5 2,969 3,639 22.6
Human interest n/a 7,916 - n/a 1,282 -
Award shows n/a 500 - n/a 3 -
Reality television n/a 260 - n/a 2,354 -
Other (categories 12 to 15) 9,721 7,850 -19.2 363 447 22.9
Total (categories 1 to 15) 302,528 289,850 -4.2 63,664 66,659 4.7
Third-language services
Number of services reporting 43 47 43 47
News (category 1) 3,995 3,734 -6.5 1,412 1,412 0
Long-form documentary (category 2b) 75 1,371 1718.7 0 0 0
Other informational (categories 2-5) 2,538 2,886 13.7 530 712 34.3
Sports (category 6) 2,166 431 -80.1 1,410 963 -31.7
Drama and comedy (category 7) 2,373 2,624 10.6 4,748 6,380 34.4
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 6,228 10,565 69.7 780 1,037 33.0
Game show (category 10) 463 470 1.5 478 561 17.5
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 3,159 2,491 -21.1 2,374 3,969 67.2
Human interest n/a 2,244 - n/a 3,967 -
Award shows n/a 248 - n/a 2 -
Reality television n/a 0 - n/a 0 -
Other (categories 12 to 15) 2,822 1,845 -34.6 619 764 23.4
Total (categories 1 to 15) 23,820 26,418 10.9 12,350 15,797 27.9
Total pay and specialty services
Number of services reporting 212 227 216 227
News (category 1) 221,575 223,723 1.0 1,746 2,764 58.3
Long-form documentary (category 2b) 100,741 112,279 11.5 33,893 35,078 3.5
Other informational (categories 2-5) 158,639 143,083 -9.8 19,656 18,401 -6.4
Sports (category 6) 486,458 412,051 -15.3 75,387 83,606 10.9
Drama and comedy (category 7) 193,942 199,626 2.9 305,868 324,704 6.2
Music, dance, and variety (categories 8 & 9) 38,115 42,723 12.1 3,846 2,654 -31.0
Game show (category 10) 9,593 9,835 2.5 2,179 1,496 -31.3
General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11) 113,759 122,363 7.6 42,715 56,573 32.4
Human interest n/a 77,583 - n/a 38,949 -
Award shows n/a 5,405 - n/a 38 -
Reality television n/a 39,375 - n/a 17,586 -
Other (categories 12 to 15) 48,928 40,104 -18.0 1,547 2,542 64.3
Total (categories 1 to 15) 1,371,751 1,305,787 -4.8 486,838 527,818 8.4

Source: CRTC data collection

The table shows the total CPE and expenditures on non-Canadian programming made by English, French, and third-language services, broken down by programming category, in 2012 and 2013. The table also shows annual growth rates between the two study years and lists the number of services reporting in each linguistic category.

The data listed for English-language services include expenditures on bilingual programming and expenditures relating to ownership transfer benefits (tangible benefits) and to commitments made at the time of licensing, but exclude CTF “top-up” funding reported by pay and specialty services.

For 2012 and 2013, the numbers shown for “Other informational (categories 2-5)” do not include expenditures on “Long-form documentary (category 2b).” In addition, the breakdown associated with “General entertainment/ Human interest/ Reality (category 11)” is only available as of 2013.

Table 4.2.22
CPE reported by PPV and VOD services ($ thousands)
2011 2012 2013 Growth (%)
Total PPV and VOD services 16,838 16,280 17,317 6.4
Number of services reporting 30# 26# 23 -11.5

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the total CPE incurred by PPV and VOD services in 2011, 2012, and 2013, as well as the number of services reporting and the annual growth rate.

Expenditures broken down by programming category for PPV and VOD services are not available. The amounts shown exclude CTF “top-up” funding reported by PPV and VOD services, but include expenditures relating to ownership transfer benefits and to commitments made at the time of licensing.

The # symbol indicates a change in the number from last year’s report.

f) Tangible benefits

What are tangible benefits?

In the absence of a competitive licensing process relating to transfers of ownership or control of radio or television services, the purchaser is required to make significant and unequivocal financial contributions to the broadcasting system as a whole and to the communities served by the services in question. Tangible benefits contributions, which are incremental to the normal cost of doing business, represent a percentage (6% for radio and 10% for television services) of the value of the transaction, and are usually paid over five to seven consecutive broadcasting years.

Table 4.2.23
Value of television transactions and corresponding tangible benefits for the period from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 ($ millions)
English-language services French-language services Total benefits
Study period(1 Jan. to 31 Dec.) # of trans. Value of the transactions1 Benefits # of trans. Value of the transactions1 Benefits
2009 7 54.8 5.8 0 - - 5.8
2010 3 2,086.4 183.4 0 - - 183.4
2011 5 2,254.0 224.2 0 - - 224.2
2012 4 106.0 18.6 0 - - 18.6
2013 4 905.4 90.5 3 1,425.9 142.6 233.1
Total 23 5,406.6 522.5 3 1,425.9 142.6 665.1

Note that:

g) Programming of high standards

What is the CBSC?

The Canadian Broadcast Standards Council (CBSC) is an independent organization created by the Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB) to administer standards established by Canada’s private broadcasters. The CBSC’s membership includes more than 790 private-sector radio and television stations, specialty services, pay services, and networks from across Canada. Membership includes broadcasters broadcasting in English, French, and third languages.

For more information, visit www.cbsc.ca.

The Broadcasting Act sets out that programming provided by broadcasting undertakings should be of high standard. The CRTC deals with programming complaints related to public and community broadcasters, as well as non-CBSC members, and with issues that are outside the parameters of the codes administered by the CBSC.

The CBSC administers specific codes of broadcast conduct and provides a means of recourse for members of the public regarding the application of the standards set out in the following codes:

Between April 2013 and March 2014, approximately 32% of the complaints relating to television received by the Commission were referred to the CBSC.

Table 4.2.24
Number of television contacts received by the CRTC, by type of issue (2013-2014)
Issue CRTC – policies/ decisions Billing Quality of service/ delivery Terms and conditions Disability issues Programming Loudness Other
# of contacts 728 0 148 1 115 1,687 749 189

Source: CRTC Correspondence Tracking System

Some types of complaints made to the CRTC are referred to other organizations. The above table summarizes the contacts received by the CRTC in 2013-2014, which included questions, comments, complaints, and other communications, broken down by the type of issue raised.

Table 4.2.25
Television programming complaints, by sector and issue
Market sector Type of complaint 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014
Complaints
received
Referrals
to CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to CBSC
Complaints
received
Referrals
to CBSC
Conventional
television
Abusive comment 5 1 26 - 30 2 30 6 15 5
Adult content 84 34 52 8 56 11 71 12 73 13
Alcohol advertising 4 - 4 - 8 - 18 3 9 2
Gender portrayal - - 2 - 9 - 5 1 6 -
Offensive comment 107 6 135 22 217 43 233 62 164 63
Offensive language 34 14 41 19 29 3 32 8 45 7
Television violence 40 9 84 14 76 14 54 8 61 11
Specialty
channels
Abusive comment 2 - - - 1 - 5 2 2 -
Adult content 32 14 31 10 23 12 16 9 19 10
Alcohol advertising 1 - - - - - 2 1 3 1
Gender portrayal - - - - 1 - 1 1 - -
Offensive comment 12 2 19 5 161 87 44 23 46 25
Offensive language 7 2 13 6 7 5 11 7 15 8
Television violence 14 5 21 5 18 10 13 3 12 6
Pay and
PPV services
Abusive comment - - - - - - - - - -
Adult content 4 - 32 - 3 - 2 1 1 -
Alcohol advertising - - - - - - - - - -
Gender portrayal - - - - - - - - - -
Offensive comment - - - - - - - - - -
Offensive language - - - - - - - - - -
Television violence - - - - - - - - 1 -

Source: CRTC Correspondence Tracking System

Together, the CRTC and the CBSC receive and address a range of complaints regarding conventional, specialty, pay, and PPV television services. This table shows the number of complaints received by the CRTC—and the number referred to the CBSC—for various issues across diverse market sectors for the years from 2009–2010 to 2013–2014. Each 12-month period begins on 1 April and ends on 31 March.

The CRTC’s Correspondence Tracking System counts multiple contacts from the same client regarding the same complaint as separate units. Therefore, the actual number of complaints received should be slightly lower than the figures indicated.

"Abusive comment" includes complaints alleging that hatred or contempt was incited on-air against one of the groups identified in the television or specialty regulations.

"Offensive comment" includes complaints about offensive humour or other comments that do not fall under the "abusive comment" provision.

"Offensive language" includes complaints about offensive language in song lyrics or in spoken word.

This table presents the number of complaints handled by the CBSC, broken down by the language of programming and by the source of the program (Canadian or foreign).

“Other” refers to complaints for which there was not enough information for the CBSC to determine the language of the broadcast (in the “Language of program” portion of the table) or the national origin of the programming (in the “Source of program” portion of the table).

Table 4.2.26
Television complaints handled by the CBSC, by language and source (2012-2013)
Conventional and specialty TV Pay TV Total
Language of program
English 526 4 530
French 198 0 198
Third language 10 0 10
Other 8 - -
Total 742 4 746
Source of program
Canadian 485 0 485
Foreign 215 4 219
Other 42 0 42
Total 742 4 746

Source: CBSC annual reports

What is the ASC?

Advertising Standards Canada (ASC) is a national, not-for-profit advertising self-regulatory body. The ASC’s Canadian Code of Advertising Standards is regularly updated to ensure it is current and contemporary – keeping pace with consumer and societal expectations.

The ASC responds to complaints by consumers and special interest groups regarding advertising with respect to all media subject to the Canadian Code of Advertising Standards, the principal instrument of advertising self-regulation. In addition, the ASC undertakes pre-clearance functions in five industry categories, which consist of reviewing advertisements based on applicable legislation, regulations, and/or industry codes and guidelines.

Additional information on the ASC can be found at: www.adstandards.com/en/

This table presents the number of complaints received by the ASC, by type. In 2013, 40% of the complaints received were about television advertisements.

Table 4.2.27
Complaints handled by the ASC
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Complaints received by ASC 1,228 1,200 1,809 1,310 1,310
Complaints about television ads 546 526 686 559 528
% of total complaints received 44 44 38 43 40
Complaints about Internet ads n/a n/a n/a 280 240
% of total complaints received 21 18

Source: ASC Ad complaints reports

h) Ownership groups

The following table provides an overview of broadcasting ownership groups: whether their services are offered in high definition, what types of services they offer, in what language, the degree of voting control exerted, the number of subscribers, PBIT and PBIT margins.

Note that:

The abbreviations used in the following table are defined as follows:

Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (2013) (Part 1 of 8)
HD BCE Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES Animal Planet Sp. B English 64 2,345,246 8,621 3,584 41.57
YES Bell TV On Demand and Vu! VOD English 100 N/A 9,019 -5,442 -60.34
YES Bell TV On Demand and Vu! PPV** English 100 N/A 37,685 2,717 7.21
NO Book Television Sp. A English 100 885,479 4,479 3,090 68.98
YES Bravo! Sp. A English 100 6,755,640 50,689 23,895 47.14
YES Business News Network Sp. A English 100 6,358,008 31,833 14,009 44.01
YES CablePulse 24 Sp. A English 100 3,556,237 24,479 3,548 14.49
YES Câblevision du Nord de Québec inc. VOD French 100 N/A 644 74 11.54
YES Canal D Sp. A French 100 2,549,210 46,046 23,974 52.07
YES Canal D Investigation Sp. B French 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A
YES Canal Vie Sp. A French 100 2,347,188 48,986 17,791 36.32
YES CINÉPOP Pay B French 100 1,092,007 9,359 4,174 44.60
NO Comedy Gold Sp. B English 100 894,185 5,130 3,378 65.86
YES CTV News Channel Sp. C English 100 8,440,427 26,043 5,513 21.17
YES Discovery Channel Sp. A English 64 7,733,150 101,372 26,223 25.87
YES Discovery Science Sp. B English 64 1,562,630 5,181 1,175 22.69
YES Discovery World HD Sp. B English 64 1,320,604 26,297 14,549 55.33
YES E! Sp. A English 100 7,114,520 30,788 11,355 36.88
NO ESPN Classic Canada Sp. B English 80 1,028,723 2,919 709 24.28
NO Fashion Television Channel Sp. A English 100 766,638 4,865 3,079 63.29
YES Investigation Discovery Sp. B English 100 1,405,963 7,356 3,994 54.29
NO Juicebox Sp. B English 100 271,893 587 474 80.73
YES Le Réseau des Sports (RDS) Sp. C French 80 3,334,671 167,818 49,145 29.28
NO M3 Sp. A English 100 6,137,846 17,500 5,722 32.70
YES MTV Canada Sp. A English 100 6,361,023 24,227 -1,358 -5.61
NO MTV2 Canada Sp. A English 100 962,471 4,780 1,803 37.72
NO MuchLoud Sp. B English 100 135,392 333 215 64.52
YES MuchMusic Sp. A English 100 9,248,193 37,674 -2,242 -5.95
NO MuchRetro Sp. B English 100 256,684 792 601 75.82
NO MuchVibe Sp. B English 100 394,362 799 611 76.52
YES Northwestel VOD VOD English 100 N/A 934 7 0.78
YES RDS Info Sp. A French 80 1,277,144 8,267 -3,196 -38.66
YES Space Sp. A English 100 6,562,605 50,274 17,250 34.31
YES Super Écran Pay A French 100 628,845 65,041 21,522 33.09
YES The Comedy Network Sp. A English 100 5,849,682 60,804 31,270 51.43
YES The Movie Network Pay A English 100 1,181,772 127,767 16,629 13.01
YES The Movie Network Encore Pay A English 100 1,401,247 23,119 12,083 52.26
NO The NHL Network Sp. B English 17.1 1,367,152 12,299 4,590 37.32
YES The Sports Network (TSN) Sp. C English 80 9,069,491 400,393 123,035 30.73
YES Viewers Choice Canada PPV** English 70.1 N/A 12,457 1,620 13.01
YES VRAK.TV Sp. A French 100 2,200,643 28,596 10,173 35.57
YES Ztélé Sp. A French 100 2,024,663 26,885 9,339 34.74

Note that:

Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (Part 2 of 8)
HD Pierre Boivin (BCE in-trust) Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES Disney Junior Sp. B French 100 487,329 2,946 219 7.45
YES Disney XD Sp. B English 100 4,348,873 6,533 2,260 34.58
YES MusiquePlus Sp. A French 100 2,264,746 13,536 867 6.40
YES MUSIMAX Sp. A French 100 1,826,706 9,622 103 1.07
YES The Family Channel Pay A English 100 5,726,126 67,014 19,905 29.70

Note that:

Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (Part 3 of 8)
HD CBC/SRC Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES ARTV Sp. A French 85 2,025,432 16,885 -281 -1.66
YES CBC News Network Sp. C English 100 11,336,559 86,799 20,371 23.47
YES Documentary Sp. A English 82 2,697,178 6,321 1,013 16.02
YES EXPLORA Sp. B French 100 368,107 2,449 -2,845 -116.19
YES RDI Sp. C French 100 11,127,544 54,593 10,546 19.32
Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (Part 4 of 8)
HD Cogeco Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES Cogeco On Demand/
Cogeco Sur Demande
VOD Bilingual 100 N/A 19,697 7,873 39.97
Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (2013) (Part 5 of 8)
HD Corus Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES ABC Spark Sp. B English 100 3,757,391 10,085 1,149 11.39
YES Cartoon Network Sp. B English 100 964,958 3,096 -646 -20.87
NO CMT Canada Sp. A English 90 10,577,182 24,722 4,055 16.40
NO Cosmopolitan TV Sp. B English 67 3,611,980 11,684 1,920 16.43
YES Encore Avenue Pay A English 100 2,249,940 20,376 10,761 52.81
NO EuroWorld SPORT Sp. B English 50.5 8,994 46 -64 -138.51
YES Historia Sp. A French 100 2,060,048 21,293 10,855 50.98
NO Mediaset Italia Sp. B Other 50.5 0 721 350 48.53
YES Movie Central Pay A English 100 995,496 94,822 12,308 12.98
YES Nickelodeon Sp. B English 100 1,878,205 6,879 1,116 16.23
YES OWN Sp. A English 100 6,157,269 29,504 5,612 19.02
YES Séries+ Sp. A French 100 2,079,697 32,677 19,027 58.23
NO Sky TG24 Canada Sp. B Other 50.5 7,922 272 96 35.26
NO Sundance Channel Sp. B English 100 1,403,792 5,628 1,237 21.98
YES Telelatino Sp. A Other 50.5 4,329,579 15,616 7,002 44.84
NO Teleniños Sp. B Other 50.5 8,097 34 0 -0.48
NO TELETOON Retro Sp. B English 100 7,309,248 7,398 4,989 67.45
NO TÉLÉTOON Rétro Sp. B French 100 1,896,577 1,631 895 54.86
YES TELETOON/TÉLÉTOON Sp. A Bilingual 100 7,271,415 84,370 38,290 45.38
NO TreeHouse TV Sp. A English 100 8,637,702 14,499 4,943 34.09
NO Univision Canada Sp. B Other 50.5 16,553 1,285 1,027 79.97
YES W Movies Sp. B English 100 1,493,284 7,413 2,567 34.63
YES W Network Sp. A English 100 8,278,673 91,183 39,508 43.33
YES YTV Sp. A English 100 11,230,697 89,391 33,247 37.19

Note that:

Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (2013) (Part 6 of 8)
HD Québecor Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES addikTV Sp. A French 100 1,107,005 10,594 2,252 21.26
NO ARGENT Sp. A French 100 549,887 2,621 -604 -23.05
YES Canal Indigo PPV** French 100 N/A 8,192 2,914 35.57
YES Casa Sp. B French 100 924,632 8,094 -187 -2.31
YES Évasion Sp. A French 8.3 2,031,946 12,215 1,050 8.60
YES Illico sur demande VOD Bilingual 100 N/A 57,221 -4,123 -7.21
YES Le Canal Nouvelles (LCN) Sp. C French 100 2,482,223 32,248 8,581 26.61
YES Moi&cie Sp. B French 100 552,395 3,526 -4,046 -114.73
YES Prise 2 Sp. B French 100 983,554 7,417 2,037 27.47
YES Sun News Network Sp. C English 100 4,973,066 7,939 -14,790 -186.30
YES TVA Sports Sp. C French 100 1,523,946 15,020 -18,918 -125.95
YES YOOPA Sp. B French 100 772,662 4,770 524 10.99
Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (Part 7 of 8)
HD Rogers Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
YES CityNews Channel Sp. B English 0 1,988,000 1,033 -3,512 -340.12
YES FX Canada Sp. B English 66.6 3,910,000 8,486 -1,562 -18.40
YES G4 Sp. A English 100 2,350,000 9,941 3,069 30.87
YES Gol TV Sp. B English 30.0 828,852 3,351 407 12.15
YES Leafs TV Sp. B English 37.5 1,116,718 7,373 -452 -6.13
YES NBA TV Canada Sp. B English 37.5 2,076,310 8,738 2,235 25.58
YES OLN Sp. A English 100 5,429,000 22,519 8,654 38.43
YES Rogers on Demand VOD Bilingual 100 N/A 58,950 -11,367 -19.28
YES Sportsnet Sp. C English 100 8,497,000 253,417 50,035 19.74
YES Sportsnet 360 Sp. A English 100 6,041,000 41,655 -5,258 -12.62
YES Sportsnet One Sp. C English 100 6,156,000 76,300 34,741 45.53
YES Sportsnet PPV PPV** English 100 N/A 11,618 3,392 29.19
YES Sportsnet World Sp. B English 100 100,000 11,984 3,295 27.50
YES The Biography Channel Sp. A English 100 2,140,000 8,178 2,252 27.53

Note that:

Table 4.2.28
Ownership groups with significant ownership interest in specialty, pay, PPV, and VOD services (2013) (Part 8 of 8)
HD Shaw Type of service Language Direct/ indirect
voting interest (%)
Number of subscribers Revenues($) PBIT($) PBIT margin (%)
NO Action Sp. B English 100 4,581,044 20,685 13,476 65.15
NO BBC Canada Sp. B English 80 2,727,819 10,666 6,078 56.99
YES Global News Plus BC Sp. B English 100 856,226 726 -2,639 -363.66
NO D.I.Y. Network Sp. D2 English 80.2 3,233,203 10,431 7,249 69.49
NO DejaView Sp. B English 100 1,565,370 7,824 4,404 56.28
NO DTOUR Sp. A English 100 5,759,675 32,065 16,562 51.65
YES Food Network Canada Sp. A English 80.2 7,539,371 66,358 35,321 53.23
NO H2 Sp. A English 100 3,093,204 6,546 1,668 25.48
YES HGTV Canada Sp. A English 80.2 9,018,881 73,865 42,841 58.00
YES History Television Sp. A English 100 7,867,210 78,365 43,279 55.23
NO IFC Sp. A English 100 2,727,950 10,999 5,791 52.65
NO Lifetime Sp. B English 100 4,193,191 22,166 11,164 50.36
YES MovieTime Sp. B English 100 5,206,356 15,118 10,402 68.80
NO Mystery Sp. A English 100 2,016,325 15,876 7,525 47.40
YES NatGeo Wild Sp. B English 64 2,991,975 6,099 1,223 20.04
YES National Geographic Channel Canada Sp. B English 64 7,125,246 25,545 16,454 64.41
NO Shaw on Demand VOD Bilingual 100 N/A 69,048 4,584 6.64
YES Shaw Pay-Per-View PPV** English 100 N/A 24,945 -51 -0.20
YES Showcase Sp. A English 100 9,099,034 72,915 36,807 50.48
NO Slice Sp. A English 100 5,461,976 42,692 5,093 11.93
NO Twist TV Sp. A English 100 2,173,082 7,023 3,439 48.97

Sources: CRTC ownership records and CRTC data collection

Note that:

4.3 Broadcasting distribution market sector

This pie chart shows the percentage of BDU broadcast distribution revenues as a proportion of all broadcasting revenues.  In 2013, these revenues were 53% of all broadcasting revenues, with radio being 9% and television being 38%.  Total broadcasting revenues were 17.1 billion in 2013.

Broadcasting distribution undertakings (BDUs) provide subscription television service to Canadians. BDUs redistribute programming from conventional over-the-air television and radio stations. They also distribute pay audio, pay television, pay-per-view (PPV), video-on-demand (VOD), and speciality services.

This section addresses three types of BDU: cable, Internet protocol television (IPTV), and national satellite direct-to-home (DTH) service providers. Of these, cable and satellite service providers dominate the landscape, although IPTV service providers have recently expanded their distribution networks and increased the number of Canadians they serve. Combined, the five largest BDUs have 86 percent of programming distribution revenues.

Table 4.3.0
Broadcasting distribution sector at a glance
2012 2013 Annual growth (%)
Revenues ($ billions) 8.8# 9.0 2.7
Subscribers (millions) 11.9# 11.9 -0.1
Revenues ($) per subscriber per month 62.27# 63.66 2.9
Percent of households subscribing 85.6%# 84.9%
Market share (subscriber)
Top four major cable service providers 59% 57%
DTH service providers 24% 23%
Affiliation payments per subscription dollar $0.351# $0.353
EBITDA margin
Cable and IPTV 20.3%# 20.1%
DTH and MDS 30.2%# 33.5%
Total 23.2%# 23.9%

This table offers an overview of the Canadian broadcasting industry. Data show the revenues, number of subscribers, and per-subscriber revenues for Canada’s BDUs. The data also show the number of service providers in Canada, market share captured by the largest operators, and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA), which is a measure of profitability. The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

This section presents BDU revenue and subscriber details for a five-year period. It displays the growth, performance, type of BDU service provider, and financial indicators of the market sector, as well as the disbursements made under affiliate agreements with Canadian and non-Canadian pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty service providers.

Canadian households subscribing to BDU services have consistently exceeded 82 percent of total Canadian households since 2009. Canadians living in urban centres generally have a choice of three to four service providers and/or types of service provider, while those living in the North and in rural communities are usually restricted to fewer than three providers.

In order to redistribute programming services, BDUs pay affiliation fees to Canadian and non-Canadian affiliates. Affiliation payments are one measure that can be used to assess the extent to which BDUs are investing in Canadian programming.

a) Revenues

Table 4.3.1
Broadcasting distribution – Basic and non-basic revenues
Revenues ($ millions) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
Cable 4,971.3 5,402.2 5,604.7# 5,472.9 5,395.0 2.1
Percentage of total 66.8 66.5 65.1 62.6 60.0
Percentage growth 6.8 8.7 3.7 -2.2 -1.6
IPTV 151.4 207.8 322.3 585.4# 926.1 57.3
Percentage of total 2.0 2.6 3.8 6.7 10.3
Percentage growth 39.8 37.2 55.1 81.6 58.2
DTH and MDS 2,195.6 2,385.3 2,532.1 2,492.4 2,472.2 3.0
Percentage of total 29.5 29.3 29.5 28.5 27.5
Percentage growth 7.8 8.6 6.2 -1.6 -0.8
Reporting BDUs subtotal 7,318.3 7,995.4 8,459.1# 8,560.8# 8,793.3 4.7
Percentage of total 98.4 98.3 98.5 98.8 97.8
Percentage growth 7.7 9.3 5.8 1.2 2.7
Non-reporting BDUs 122.6# 134.4# 126.8# 196.3# 196.3 12.5
Percentage of total 1.6 1.7 1.5 2.2 2.2
Percentage growth 6.1 12.0 -5.6 54.8 0.0
Total revenues 7,440.9# 8,129.7# 8,585.8# 8,757.0# 8,989.6 4.8
Percentage growth 7.6 9.3 5.6 2.0 2.7

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the annual revenues collected by BDUs for cable, IPTV, and DTH services since 2009, as well as the annual and compounded annual growth rates (CAGR) for all years. Data was captured for reporting BDUs, and estimates were made for non-reporting BDUs. The growth of revenue from IPTV is noteworthy relative to the other distribution services. The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

Basic and non-basic services: Basic television service is the smallest package of programming or channels to which consumers can subscribe. Non-basic packages are the additional channels that can be added to basic service.

Multipoint distribution service (MDS): As of 1 September 2011, the Commission no longer issues MDS broadcasting licences. As part of the spectrum auction of the 2596 to 2686 MHz frequency band, which was the band used by MDS licensees, the Industry Canada converted various broadcasting certificates issued to MDS undertakings to Broadband Radio Service (BRS) licences. As of 1 September 2013, there are no MDS undertakings in operation.

b) Subscriber demand data

Table 4.3.2
Broadcasting distribution – Basic and non-basic subscribers
Subscribers (thousands) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
Cable 7,782.7 7,874.4# 7,858.3# 7,682.2# 7,430.6 -1.2
Percentage of total 69.5 68.3 66.3 64.4 62.3
Percentage growth 1.2 1.2 -0.2 -2.2 -3.3
IPTV 311.4 419.6# 657.3 1,002.5# 1,385.1 45.2
Percentage of total 2.8 3.6 5.6 8.4 11.6
Percentage growth 38.4 34.7 56.6 52.5 38.2
DTH and MDS 2,760.9 2,862.1 2,877.4 2,825.7 2,691.2 -0.6
Percentage of total 24.7 24.8 24.4 23.7 22.6
Percentage growth 2.3 3.7 0.5 -1.8 -4.8
Reporting BDUs subtotal 10,854.9 11,156.0 11,397.0# 11,514.4# 11,506.8 1.5
Percentage of total 96.9 96.8 96.5 96.5 96.5
Percentage growth 2.2 2.8 2.2 1.0 -0.1
Non-reporting BDUs 345.1# 369.7# 412.7 412.4 412.4 4.6
Percentage of total 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.5
Percentage growth -1.5 7.1 11.6 -0.1 0.0
Total subscribers 11,200.0# 11,525.7# 11,809.6# 11,926.8# 11,919.2 1.6
Percentage growth 2.1 2.9 2.5 1.0 -0.1

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows the number of BDU subscribers for services such as cable, IPTV, and DTH for each of the years from 2009 to 2013, as well as the annual growth rates and the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for the study period. The figures listed for non-reporting BDUs are based on estimates. The number of subscribers is as of 31 August of each year.

The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

Table 4.3.3
Number of subscribers to top five Canadian distributors (thousands)
Corporations 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 CAGR (%)
2010-2014
Rogers 2,296 2,303 2,276 2,189 2,107 -2.1
Percentage growth -0.7 0.3 -1.2 -3.8 -3.7
Shaw 3,232 2,219 3,168 3,044 2,883 -2.8
Percentage growth 1.9 -0.4 -1.6 -3.9 -5.3
Videotron 1,786 1,809 1,854 1,849 1,811 0.3
Percentage growth 3.3 1.3 2.5 -0.3 -2.1
Cogeco 874 881 873 853 816 -1.7
Percentage growth 0.7 0.8 -0.8 -2.4 -4.3
BCE 1,969 2,043 2,112 2,170 2,307 4.0
Percentage growth 5.6 3.8 3.3 2.8 6.3
Total 10,156 10,255 10,283 10,105 9,924 -0.6
Percentage growth 2.1 1.0 0.3 -1.7 -1.8
% of all subscribers 89.4# 87.9# 86.6# 84.8# n.a.

Source: Corporate quarterly reports

Data in this table show the number of subscribers to each of the top five Canadian distributors, in terms of revenues, within their discrete market sectors. The table shows the total number of subscribers to all major distributors, the percentage growth in those figures year over year, and the percentage of all subscribers captured by major distributors.

The data are as of 31 March of each year except for Shaw and Cogeco, which are as of 28 February of each year. The data include cable, IPTV, and DTH broadcasting distribution activities. The data for Shaw include Shaw Direct, and the data for BCE include broadcasting distribution activities by Bell Canada and Northwestel (Northwestel data have been included since 2011).

Table 4.3.4
Percentage of households subscribing to BDUs
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
Household subscription rate (%) 83.0# 84.5 85.8# 85.6# 84.9 0.6

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows national household BDU subscription rates for each of the years from 2009 to 2013. The data are for the 12-month period ending 31 August of each year. The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

Household subscription rate

Household subscription rates are derived by dividing the number of BDU subscriptions at the end of the annual period by the total number of households in Canada.

c) Financial performance

Figure 4.3.1 EBITDA margins achieved from basic and non-basic programming services

This line chart shows the EBITDA margins in percentage of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization achieved from basic and non-basic programming activities by cable and IPTV, and DTH and MDS undertakings during the years 2009 to 2013. Cable and IPTV: 25.9%, 25.6%, 22.5%, 20.3%, and 20.1%; DTH and MDS: 20.6%, 24.1%, 24.6%, 30.2%, and 35.5%; Cable, IPTV, DTH and MDS combined:  24.3%, 25.1%, 23.2%, 23.2%, and 23.9%.

Source: CRTC data collection

This chart shows the EBITDA margins from 2009 to 2013 for two groups of BDUs: cable and IPTV providers, and DTH and MDS providers. Cable and IPTV margins declined over the study period, while margins for DTH and MDS increased. The data are based on the 12-month period ending 31 August of each year.

What are EBITDA margins?

An EBITDA margin is a measure of profitability. It represents earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, expressed as a percentage of total revenues.

d) Performance indicators

Table 4.3.5
Monthly revenues per subscriber
Monthly revenues/subscriber 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
Cable 53.54 57.51 59.36 58.77 59.48 2.7
Percentage growth 5.1 7.4 3.2 -1.0 1.2
IPTV 47.05 47.38 49.88 58.78 64.65 8.3
Percentage growth 1.9 0.7 5.3 17.8 10.0
DTH and MDS 67.02 70.70 73.53 72.84 74.69 2.7
Percentage growth 5.3 5.5 4.0 -0.9 2.5
Reporting BDUs subtotal 56.91 60.54 62.51 62.27 63.66 2.9
Percentage growth 5.0 6.6 3.3 -0.4 2.2

Source: CRTC data collection

This table shows average revenues per user for BDUs, as well as national household subscription rates for each of the years from 2009 to 2013. The data are for the 12-month period ending 31 August of each year.

Monthly revenues per subscriber

Monthly revenues per subscriber are calculated by dividing the annual BDU revenues from basic and non-basic services by the average number of subscriptions in the year. The result is then divided by 12 to obtain the monthly amount. The average number of subscribers is determined by dividing the sum of the number of subscribers at the beginning and at the end of the year by two.

e) Prices

Based on the survey results of the price of basic television service in 21 major urban centres and in a select number of rural communities (see appendix 4), prices and the number of channels included in the service varied significantly among service providers and across the communities served, both major urban centres and small rural communities.

Urban centres

Canadians living in the 21 major urban centres displayed in the following graph generally had a choice of BDU provider: cable, IPTV and DTH (satellite) service providers.

The price of basic television service varied between lows of $26 to $40 per month and highs of $54 to $57 per month. Canadians living in Ottawa, Gatineau, Montreal, and Quebec City paid among the lowest prices, between $26 and $27 per month.

Figure 4.3.2 BDU basic service prices by major centre (2013)

This stacked bar chart shows the BDU basic service highest and lowest monthly prices in dollars by major centre, as well as number of providers in each centre.  Vancouver: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Victoria: 3 providers, low 32 high 54; Calgary: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Edmonton: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Saskatoon: 3 providers, low 32, high 56; Regina: 4 providers, low 32, high 56; Winnipeg: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Toronto: 3 providers, low 38, high 54; Ottawa-Gatineau: 4 providers, low 26 high 54; Hamilton: 4 providers, low 38, high 54; London: 3 providers, low 34, high 54; Kitchener-Waterloo: 3 providers, low 38, high 54; St Catharines – Niagara: 3 providers, low 34, high 54; Windsor: 3 providers, low 34, high 54; Oshawa: 3 providers, low 38, high 54; Montréal: 3 providers, low 27, high 54; Québec: 3 providers, low 27, high 54; Fredericton: 3 providers, low 38, high 57; Charlottetown: 3 providers, low 39, high 57; Halifax: 3 providers, low 38, high 57; St. John’s: 3 providers, low 38, high 57; Whitehorse: 1 provider, 40; Yellowknife: 1 provider, low 32, high 40; Iqaluit: 1 provider, 40.

Source: CRTC data collection

The number of providers in each of the urban centres is indicated in the graph above on the x-axis, with the lowest price available indicated on the blue bar and the highest price indicated above each bar. For example, in Vancouver, there are three BDU service providers, the lowest price is $32, and the highest price is $54.

The composition of a basic package of television services varied between 69 and 124 channels, depending on location and service provider. The services were generally available in digital and high definition formats, and the programming generally included television, radio, and music channels.

Rural centres

Canadians living in rural areas, including the North, paid between $20 and $40 per month for basic television service. In general, they received fewer channels than those living in urban centres.

Figure 4.3.3 BDU basic service prices by province, urban vs. rural (2013)

This two-series stacked bar chart shows the BDU basic service highest and lowest monthly prices in dollars by urban are rural areas on a per province basis.  BC Rural: Two providers, low 32, high 35;  BC Urban: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Alberta Rural: Two providers, low 32, high 35; Alberta Urban: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Sask Rural: 2 providers, low 32, high 40; Sask Urban: 4 providers, low 32, high 56; Manitoba Rural: 1 provider, 32; Manitoba Urban: 3 providers, low 32, high 54; Ontario Rural: 1 to 3 providers, low 20, high 37; Ontario Urban: 3 providers, low 27, high 54; Quebec Rural: 1 to 3 providers, low 20, high 37; Quebec Urban: 3 providers, low 27, high 54; NB Rural: 2 providers, low 38, high 40; NB Urban: 3 providers, low 38, high  57; PEI Rural: 1 provider, 40; PEI Urban: 3 providers, low 39, high 57; NS Rural, 1 provider, 40; NS Urban: 3 providers, low 36, high 57; Nfld Rural: 1 provider, 40; Nfld Urban: 3 providers, low 38, high 57; Yukon Rural: 1 provider, 40; Yukon Urban: 1 provider, 40; NWT Rural: 1 to 2 providers, low 32, high 40; NWT Urban: 2 providers, low 32, high 40; Nunavut Rural: 1 provider, 40; Nunavut Urban: 1 provider 40.

Source: CRTC data collection

The number of providers is indicated in the graph above on the x-axis, with the lowest price available indicated on the blue bar and the highest price indicated above each bar. For example, in British Columbia, there are two service providers in the rural communities surveyed and three in the urban centres. These providers offer basic BDU service between $32 and $35 per month in the rural communities, and between $32 and $54 in urban centres.

The monthly price of basic television service varied across the rural communities surveyed, from lows of $20 to $40 per month to highs between $32 and $57 per month.

What communities were included?

Fifty-four rural communities were selected to assess the price of BDU basic service in rural communities. These communities met the following criteria:

See appendix 4 for more details.

f) Competitive landscape

Cable companies were the first providers of BDU service in Canada. By the mid-1990s, DTH service had entered the Canadian market, and more recently, IPTV service has become available.

Canadians living in urban centres had access to three types of BDU service providers: cable, DTH, and IPTV. Those in rural areas generally had a choice of a DTH service provider and, to a lesser extent, a cable service provider.

Approximately 49% of households in rural areas had access to a cable service provider and a DTH provider. The remaining 51% were generally dependent on DTH service.

Figure 4.3.4 Percentage of revenues and subscribers by type of distribution platform (2013)

This pair of pie charts show the market share of revenues and subscribers by type of distribution platform.  For revenues: DTH and MDS are 28%, Cable is 62%, and IPTV is 10%.  For subscribers: DTH and MDS are 22%, Cable is 66%, and IPTV is 12%.

Source: CRTC data collection

These charts show the percentage of revenues and subscribers captured by each of the three types of BDU: cable, IPTV, and DTH and MDS.

g) Consumer voices

Table 4.3.6
Number of contacts by type of BDU issue (2013-2014)
Issue CRTC policies/
decisions
Billing Prices/Rates Terms and conditions Disability issues Quality of service/
Delivery
Competition Other Total
Number of contacts 699 1,562 342 336 61 2,062 116 654 5,832

Source: CRTC Correspondence Tracking System.

Canadians contact the Commission for various reasons, such as requesting information or voicing their concerns about various issues. This table displays the number of times Canadians contacted the CRTC, broken down by type of issue. Of the total number of contacts, 35% related to the quality of a service or its delivery and 27% were billing issues.

h) Digital TV

Figure 4.3.5 Percentage of BDU subscribers who subscribed to digital and non-digital services

This stacked bar chart shows the percentage of BDU subscribers that receive digital and non-digital services for the years 2008 to 2013.  For analog: 38%, 32%, 24%, 20%, 17% and 16%.  For digital: 62%, 68%, 76%, 80%, 83%, and 84%.

The percentage of BDU subscribers who subscribe to digital services has grown steadily since 2008.

Sources: Mediastats and CRTC data collection

i) Contribution to Canadian programming

During the 2012-2013 broadcast year, approximately 5% of BDU revenues were directed to various funds, such as the Canadian Media Fund (CMF), or to local expression.

Figure 4.3.6 Contributions to the CMF, LPIF, and other independent funds, and expenditures on local expression (community channels) reported by BDUs ($ millions)

This line clustered-column on 2 axes chart depicts the BDU contributions to the Canadian Media Fund (CMF), Local Programming Improvement Fund (LPIF), other independent funds, and expenditures on community channels in millions of dollars for each of 2009 to 2013 broadcast years. Contributions to CMF: 179.8, 189.0, 205.4, 208.1 and 214.4; Contributions to LPIF: 0, 100.7, 106.6, 112.0 and 75.2; Contributions to other independent funds: 45.2, 47.3, 50.4, 51.3 and 51.7; Expenditures on community channels: 123.4, 126.5, 119.8, 123.7 and 125.2; Total combined contributions and expenditures:  348.4, 463.5, 482.1, 495.1 and 466.5.

The bars in the above graph display the contributions made by the BDUs to the CMF, the Local Programming Improvement Fund (LPIF), and other independent funds, as well as expenditures on local expression (community channels). The line in the graph indicates the total of these expenditures and contributions, which were made during the 12-month period ending 31 August of each year shown. BDU contributions include contributions reported by cable, DTH, MDS, and satellite relay distribution undertakings (SRDU).

Source: CRTC data collection

Figure 4.3.7 Contributions by BDUs to the creation and production of Canadian programming

This bar chart shows contributions to the creation and production of Canadian programming by BDUs as a percentage for years 2010, 201, 2012 and 2013. It also indicates the total contributions for each year in millions of dollars.  Contributions to CMF: 41%, 43%, 42% and 46%; Contributions to LPIF: 22%, 22%, 23% and 16%; Expenditures on local expression: 27%, 25%, 25% and 27%; Contributions to other independent funds: 10%, 10%, 10% and 11%.  Total revenues were 463, 482, 495, and 467.

The bars in the above graph display the percentage of total contributions made by the BDUs to the CMF, LPIF, other independent funds, and local expression (community channels). These percentages are for the 12-month period ending 31 August of each year shown. BDU contributions include contributions reported by cable, DTH, MDS, and SRDU.

Source: CRTC data collection

j) Affiliation payments

The providers of pay and specialty programming services receive remuneration from BDUs that distribute their services. This remuneration is generally referred to as affiliation payments. The affiliation payments made by a BDU to a programming service provider are generally based on the number of BDU subscribers who receive the programming service.

Table 4.3.7
Affiliation payments made to Canadian and non-Canadian pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services reported by BDUs
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR (%)
2009-2013
Payments to Canadian affiliates
Affiliation payments made Cable and IPTV 1,473 1,633 1,809# 1,930# 2,024 8.3
Percentage growth 13 11 11 7 5
DTH and MDS 738 819 735# 726 700 -1.3
Percentage growth 9 11 -10 -1 -4
Total payments 2,211 2,452 2,544# 2,656# 2,724 5.4
Affiliation payments received Pay, PPV, and VOD 596 647 682 671# 670 3.0
Percentage growth 10 9 5 -2 0
Specialty 1,616 1,805 1,862# 1,986# 2,054 6.2
Percentage growth 12 12 3 4 3
Total received 2,211 2,452 2,544# 2,656 2,724 5.4
Percentage growth 12 11 4 4 3
Payments to non-Canadian affiliates
Affiliation payments made Cable and IPTV 207 243 263# 265# 285 8.4
Percentage growth -5 18 8 1 8
DTH and MDS 70 75 81 86 94 7.8
Percentage growth 11 8 8 5 9
Total payments 276 318 344 351# 379 8.2
Affiliation payments received Pay, PPV, and VOD 38 46 48 34 37 -0.9
Percentage growth 17 21 3 -29 8
Specialty 238 272 296 317# 342 9.5
Percentage growth -4 14 9 7 8
Total received 276 318 344 351# 379 8.2
Percentage growth -2 15 8 2 8
Total affiliate payments
Total affiliation payments made Cable and IPTV 1,680 1,877 2,072# 2,195# 2,309 8.3
Percentage Canadian 88 87 87 88 88
Percentage of total 68 68 72 73 74
Percentage growth 10 12 10 6 5
DTH and MDS 807 894 816# 812 794 -0.4
Percentage Canadian 91 92 90 89 88
Percentage of total 32 32 28 27 26
Percentage growth 9 11 -9 0 -2
Total 2,488 2,770 2,888# 3,007 3,104 5.7
Total affiliation payments received Pay, PPV, and VOD 634 693 730 705# 707 2.8
Percentage Canadian 94 93 93 95 95
Percentage of total 25 25 25 23 23
Percentage growth 10 9 5 -3 0
Specialty 1,854 2,077 2,158# 2,303# 2,396 6.6
Percentage Canadian 87 87 86 86 86
Percentage of total 75 75 75 77 77
Percentage growth 10 12 4 7 4
Total 2,488 2,770 2,888# 3,007# 3,104 5.7
Percentage Canadian 89 89 88 88 88
Percentage growth 10 11 4 4 3

Source: CRTC data collection

This table offers a detailed breakdown of the value of affiliation payments made by cable/IPTV and DTH/MDS service providers to broadcast pay, PPV, VOD, and specialty services. Payments to Canadian and non-Canadian affiliates, as well as growth rates, are displayed separately for the years from 2009 to 2013. As well, the table displays the percentage of payments that are to Canadian affiliates. Percentages of total payments are also displayed.

Payments to Canadian affiliates have increased annually by 5.4% since 2009, whereas payments to non-Canadian affiliates have increased by 8.2%. The data are based on the 12-month period ending 31 August of each year.

The # symbol denotes a change in the data from what was published in the previous Communications Monitoring Report (refer to Appendix 1 for details).

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